Page URL:

Sickle cell reversed with gene therapy in teenager

6 March 2017
Appeared in BioNews 891

A teenage boy in France appears to have been cured of sickle cell disease using a gene therapy. He has been free of all signs of the disease for 15 months.

Gene therapy has successfully treated some rare genetic disorders, but this is the first time it has worked on a common genetic disease.

'The patient is now 15 years old and free of all previous medication,' Dr Marina Cavazzana of the Necker Children’s Hospital in Paris told New Scientist. 'He has been free of pain from blood vessel blockages, and has given up taking opioid painkillers. All the tests we performed on his blood show that he’s been cured, but more certainty can only come from long-term follow-up.'

Sickle cell disease is caused by a mutation in the gene that makes beta-globin, part of the haemoglobin molecule. This change causes red blood cells to develop into an abnormal sickle shape, which causes clumping and blood-vessel blockages. This leads to pain and organ damage and can be fatal if untreated.

The boy had been suffering from repeated episodes of severe pain and had to receive blood transfusions once a month to manage his symptoms. When he was 13, he began the experimental treatment.

Doctors removed some stem cells from his bone marrow and used a virus to deliver mutated versions of the beta-globin gene designed to interfere with the boy's defective proteins. Three months after treatment began, he began producing normal haemoglobin and has been symptom-free since then. The case study was published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Dr Deborah Gill from the gene medicine research group at the University of Oxford, who was not involved in the research, has called it a 'game changer'.

'I've worked in gene therapy for a long time and we make small steps and know there's years more work. But here you have someone who has received gene therapy and has complete clinical remission – that's a huge step forward,' she told BBC News.

Dr Cazanna says that she and her team are treating seven other patients, who are showing 'promising' progress.

Sickle cell disease (SCD) affects millions of people worldwide, most of them in sub-Saharan Africa. As much as two percent of babies in Nigeria are born with the disease.

'We should be realistic in remembering that there are hundreds of thousands of sickle cell patients in less developed countries, and that the therapy is not easily exportable or adaptable to countries with less well-developed health systems,' cautioned Professor Stuart Orkin of Harvard Medical School.

bluebird bio Announces Publication of Case Study on First Patient with Severe Sickle Cell Disease Treated with Gene Therapy in The New England Journal of Medicine
Business Wire (press release) |  1 March 2017
Gene therapy 'cures' boy of blood disease that affects millions
New Scientist |  1 March 2017
Gene Therapy in a Patient with Sickle Cell Disease
The New England Journal of Medicine |  2 March 2017
Teenager's sickle cell reversed with world-first therapy
BBC News |  2 March 2017
12 April 2021 - by Dr Molly Godfrey 
A clinical trial for a new gene therapy approach to treat sickle cell disease has been approved to proceed by the US Food and Drug Administration...
26 February 2018 - by Anna Mallach 
Genome editing has been used to correct the mutation causing sickle cell disease in stem cells from the blood of patients...
3 April 2017 - by Jen Willows 
A new method of producing red blood cells outside the body on a large scale has been developed by researchers at the University of Bristol...
14 November 2016 - by Sarah Gregory 
Researchers have had further success using the CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing technique to repair the mutation that causes sickle-cell anaemia...
17 October 2016 - by Sarah Gregory 
Researchers have used the CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing technique to correct the mutation that causes sickle-cell anaemia...
12 September 2016 - by Dr Nicoletta Charolidi 
A genetically engineered virus that triggers the production of an alternative form of haemoglobin has reversed the symptoms of sickle cell disease in mice...
6 June 2016 - by Rachel Reeves 
The European Commission has granted marketing authorisation for a gene therapy to treat children with an extremely rare, life-threatening genetic disorder...
14 December 2015 - by Dr James Heather 
Two patients enrolled in a clinical trial of a gene therapy to treat severe congenital immunodeficiency have shown signs of substantial improvement in their condition...
to add a Comment.

By posting a comment you agree to abide by the BioNews terms and conditions

Syndicate this story - click here to enquire about using this story.