Page URL:

Miniature human stem-cell-derived gut grown in mice

27 October 2014
Appeared in BioNews 777

A section of functioning human small intestine has been transplanted into mice, giving scientists a new model with which to study intestinal diseases.

The tissue was grown from human stem cells in the lab before being grafted onto mouse kidneys, allowing the cells to develop into functioning sections of intestine.

'These studies support the concept that patient-specific cells can be used to grow intestine,' said Dr Michael Helmrath from Cincinnati Children's Hospital, who led the work. 'This provides a new way to study the many diseases and conditions that can cause intestinal failure, from genetic disorders appearing at birth to conditions that strike later in life, such as cancer and Crohn's disease.'

The scientists took human skin and blood samples and reprogrammed these cells to become induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. By adding a mixture of chemicals, they could then transform the iPS cells to form segments of intestinal tissue.

To provide these 'organoids' with a blood supply so they could grow further, the tissue was placed into mouse kidney capsules: tough, fatty membranes that protected the growing organs from damage.

The mature, transplanted organoid contained many of the types of cells seen in the small intestine, meaning it could absorb and digest nutrients. 'Importantly, the muscle layers of the intestine also develop,' said Dr Helmrath. The mice used in this study were genetically engineered so that their immune systems would not reject the human tissue.

The researchers say the study brings them closer to growing organs for transplant using the patient's own cells, minimising the risk of rejection. 'These studies also advance the longer-term goal of growing tissues that can replace damaged human intestine,' said Dr Helmrath.

But in the more immediate future, the mouse model should make testing drugs for conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease easier and faster, 'shaving years off the drug development process', the researchers said in a press release.

The study was published in Nature Medicine.

7 August 2017 - by Annabel Slater 
A proof-of-concept study in mice has demonstrated how skin grafts could deliver gene therapy for obesity and diabetes...
12 October 2015 - by Rhys Baker 
Australian scientists have successfully grown 'mini kidneys' from stem cells derived from skin tissue...
28 September 2015 - by Dr Greg Ball 
Researchers in Japan have found a way to overcome a major obstacle to using stem-cell grown kidneys in animals...
3 November 2014 - by Antony Starza-Allen 
Scientists in the USA have for the first time created three-dimensional stomach tissue from human pluripotent stem cells...
13 October 2014 - by Julianna Photopoulos 
Millions of insulin-producing beta cells have been manufactured in the laboratory using human stem cells by scientists at Harvard University...
14 October 2013 - by Dr Greg Ball 
Large-scale production of liver and pancreas cells is becoming a possibility, as scientists have developed a cell culture method allowing stem cells to grow in the laboratory...
8 July 2013 - by James Brooks 
Stem cells generated from adult cells have been used to grow tiny 'liver buds' which were then successfully transplanted into mice...
27 September 2010 - by Matthew Smart 
Scientists from Cancer Research UK, Cambridge have suggested a new model for gut stem cell renewal. It was thought that gut stem cells could only renew themselves via a process of hierarchical cell division...
to add a Comment.

By posting a comment you agree to abide by the BioNews terms and conditions

Syndicate this story - click here to enquire about using this story.