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DNA could reveal surnames

10 April 2000
By BioNews
Appeared in BioNews 53

People with the same surname may share a common male ancestor, according to a study published in the American Journal of Human Genetics last week. Professor Bryan Sykes, of Oxford University, looked at Y chromosome DNA from 60 men who were also called Sykes. To his surprise, over half shared a unique, identical pattern of DNA variation, which suggests they inherited their Y-chromosome from the same male ancestor.  

The results of the study have amazed genealogists, who had assumed there were several different founders of the Sykes family. The surname is taken from the name for a boundary stream, a common feature of the Yorkshire landscape. It was probably first passed from father to son around the year 1300. The fact that only 50 per cent of the Sykes men in the study had a different DNA pattern suggests a low rate of non-paternity - around 1.3 per cent of Sykes boys in each generation were not fathered by a Sykes, the researchers estimate.

The Y-chromosome DNA pattern was not present in any of the 'non-Sykes' men included in the study, even those from Yorkshire. Professor Sykes, who started the research as 'a bit of fun', claims the results could have important implications for both genealogy and forensic science. He has obtained similar results for three other surnames, but adds that more common names such as Smith or Jones are likely to have several founders.

DNA 'family tree' clue may identify criminals
The Daily Telegraph |  4 April 2000
How every Sykes branched from the same family tree
Daily Mail |  4 April 2000
Surnames found in DNA
BBC News Online |  4 April 2000
Sykology finds our names in our blood
The Times |  4 April 2000
18 April 2005 - by BioNews 
A new project launched by the National Geographic Society and computer firm IBM last week aims to trace the migratory history of human populations. The five-year study, entitled 'The Genographic Project', will establish ten research groups to look at 100,000 DNA samples from people around the world. Members of the...
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