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Glossary

Gene expression

Gene expression is the process of converting the information contained in a gene into the gene product (usually proteins). The DNA of the gene is first transcribed into RNA, which is then translated into a protein, such as an enzyme other functional product. Genes can be turned 'on' or 'off' in different cells, for example by transcription factors.



Articles using this Glossary Item

CRISPR used to record a film in bacteria

17 July 2017 - by Lea Goetz

Scientists have used the CRISPR/Cas system to encode a film in the genomes of living bacteria... [Read More]

Gene in brain's 'reward circuit' linked to depression

10 July 2017 - by Cara Foley

A gene that could play a key role in depression has been identified... [Read More]

How new 'molecular scissors' may give crisper CRISPR

10 July 2017 - by Rikita Patel

Researchers have revealed the structure and action of a new type of 'molecular scissors' known as Cpf1, which may improve CRISPR genome editing.

Drinking tea alters women's epigenetics

05 June 2017 - by Cara Foley

Researchers have found that drinking tea may affect gene expression in women... [Read More]

Genome editing used to slow cancer growth

30 May 2017 - by Annabel Slater

US scientists have delayed cancer cell growth by using genome editing to remove a protein... [Read More]

Men and women express 6500 genes differently

08 May 2017 - by Helen Robertson

At least 6500 genes are expressed at different levels in male or female body tissues, finds a new study... [Read More]


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