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The Fertility Show, Manchester Central, 24-25 March 2018

Glossary

Gene expression

Gene expression is the process of converting the information contained in a gene into the gene product (usually proteins). The DNA of the gene is first transcribed into RNA, which is then translated into a protein, such as an enzyme other functional product. Genes can be turned 'on' or 'off' in different cells, for example by transcription factors.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Major mental illnesses share unexpected gene activity

12 February 2018 - by Dr Linda Wijlaars

Several psychiatric disorders – autism, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and depression – share patterns of gene activity, an international team of scientists has found... [Read More]

What's a bit of genetic interplay between friends?

29 January 2018 - by Professor Marcus Pembrey

The recent demonstration that friends share more of their genetic makeup in common than two people picked at random from their population has been making the headlines... [Read More]

Gut bacteria alter gene expression and potentially cut cancer risk

15 January 2018 - by Purvi Shah

New research has shown a connection between the potential role of gut bacteria having an active role in gene expression and in turn reducing the risk of cancer... [Read More]

New CRISPR technique reverses diabetes and kidney failure in mice without cutting DNA

11 December 2017 - by Isobel Steer

Scientists in California have used a modified form of the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing approach to epigenetically treat diabetes, kidney disease and muscular dystrophy in mice... [Read More]

Snuggled babies show lasting changes to their DNA

04 December 2017 - by Sam Sherratt

Close, physical contact – or the lack of it - at an early age may lead to lasting changes to the genes, suggest researchers... [Read More]

Seventy-two new gene targets for breast cancer found

30 October 2017 - by Annabel Slater

Two studies have discovered 72 new genetic variants associated with the risk of developing breast cancer... [Read More]

Human sperm maturation study may hold insights

09 October 2017 - by Shaoni Bhattacharya

Researchers hope that a study detailing the four stages of human sperm stem cell development may shed light on infertility and certain cancers... [Read More]

Brain has 'genetic calendar' for ageing

18 September 2017 - by Annabel Slater

A 'genetic lifespan calendar' of lifelong gene expression changes has been discovered in human and mouse brains... [Read More]

Deficient diet linked to schizophrenia symptoms in mice

11 September 2017 - by Annabel Slater

Mice deprived of two essential fatty acids during pregnancy give birth to pups with schizophrenia-like symptoms... [Read More]

Cancer atlas leads way to personalised treatment

21 August 2017 - by Marcia Costa

Genes linked to 17 types of cancer have been mapped in a new Pathology Atlas by Swedish researchers... [Read More]

CRISPR used to record a film in bacteria

17 July 2017 - by Lea Goetz

Scientists have used the CRISPR/Cas system to encode a film in the genomes of living bacteria... [Read More]

Gene in brain's 'reward circuit' linked to depression

10 July 2017 - by Cara Foley

A gene that could play a key role in depression has been identified... [Read More]

How new 'molecular scissors' may give crisper CRISPR

10 July 2017 - by Rikita Patel

Researchers have revealed the structure and action of a new type of 'molecular scissors' known as Cpf1, which may improve CRISPR genome editing.

Drinking tea alters women's epigenetics

05 June 2017 - by Cara Foley

Researchers have found that drinking tea may affect gene expression in women... [Read More]

Genome editing used to slow cancer growth

30 May 2017 - by Annabel Slater

US scientists have delayed cancer cell growth by using genome editing to remove a protein... [Read More]

Men and women express 6500 genes differently

08 May 2017 - by Helen Robertson

At least 6500 genes are expressed at different levels in male or female body tissues, finds a new study... [Read More]

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