25 October 2010
ByAppeared in BioNews 581
Stem cells: Science and EthicsEdited by Contributors: Jan Barfoot, Donald Bruce, Graeme Laurie, Nina Bauer, Janet Paterson and Bownes
This colourful, illustrated guide to stem cells is the perfect companion for any student wishing to gain a greater understanding of stem cell research, use and ethical debates.
The booklet 'Stem cells: Science and Ethics', commissioned by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), offers A level and Higher/Advanced Higher education students a clear and concise resource with which to study the life sciences. The booklet has three chapters, is written by scientists and professionals working in science, law and technology, and provides up-to-date information on stem cell research and the laws governing it.
Chapter one introduces the role of the stem cell in human development using a flow chart. Clear, accessible language is used to explain the differences between embryonic and tissue (adult) stem cells. Students are guided through the development and use of iPS cells (induced pluripotent stem). Immune rejection in tissue transplants is discussed too. The chapter also includes an illustration of the human body to demonstrate how stem cell therapy research has advanced and played a pivotal role in the treatment of degenerative disease.
Chapter two explores the legal issues surrounding stem cell research and how the law in the UK and abroad deals with issues raised by stem cell use. The role of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) and the HFE Act 1990 (amended in 2008) are analysed and discussed in simple language that retains detail of their key functions. Students are encouraged to question issues like whether the current laws regulating stem cell research appear adequate or could be improved upon.
Chapter three talks about the ethical issues surrounding stem cell use and research, in particular the use of embryonic stem cells. The text explores the physical and moral status of the embryo and includes a diverse range of views, which can be used by students to open up debates in the classroom. The chapter also considers the philosophy behind many of these views.
Case studies appear throughout the chapters and give context to the booklet's content. Personal statements and quotes from experts working within authoritative bodies like the Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine at the University of Bristol give a valuable insight into the real-life workings of stem cell research centres.
A diverse range of activities, including 'true or false' questions provide pupils and their teachers with a 'hands-on' method of ensuring the salient points raised by each chapter are understood and the main focal points retained. In addition, the booklet lists further reading materials and websites students can use to further their own knowledge.