Subscribe to the BioNews newsletter for free

Login
Advanced Search

Search for
BioNews

Like the Progress Educational Trust on Facebook


The Fertility Show


 

Ohio senate bill proposes 'hybrid' ban

07 June 2010

By Ben Jones

Appeared in BioNews 561

The Ohio (US) State Senate has passed legislation banning the creation of any embryo that would contain both human and animal DNA or tissues. Bill 243 proposes to ban the creation of 'human-animal hybrids' (including 'human admixed embryos' as legalised in England and Wales under the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008). These entities, employed in stem cell research into serious genetic disease , have become increasingly popular as shortages of donated human eggs have frustrated research progress. If the Ohio bill enters into law any usage of the technology may lead to fines of up to half a million dollars for any who profit from the usage of such entities.

Republican Steve Buehrer introduced the legislation out of concern over the transfer of human genetic material into denucleated animal eggs. The original draft outlawed not just such cloning procedures using animal eggs but also the same procedure using human eggs. Criticism was drawn as the bill drew no distinction between usage of the procedure for therapeutic cloning (where the purpose is purely research driven) and reproductive cloning (where the aim is the creation of living clones). However the bill's author removed this blanket prohibition in an attempt to broaden support for the legislation and to focus it on its key target - stem cell research using mixed animal and human elements.

Explaining the concerns underlying the bill, Mr Buehrer said: 'While thoughts of animal-human hybrids conjure up images of science fiction movies, it is no fantasy that several labs around the world have or are attempting to combine animal and human cells.' The bill lists eight kinds of 'human-animal hybrid' that would be outlawed, including normal human embryos into which animal cells are inserted, zygotes formed of one human and one animal gamete (for instance a human egg fertilised by animal sperm), animal eggs with an implanted human nucleus and any 'nonhuman life form engineered such that it contains a human brain or a brain derived wholly from human neural tissues.'

In addition to the above controls on research the bill also bans the implantation of human embryos into a non-human womb and the implantation of a non-human embryo into a human womb. However the bill explicitly does not prohibit transgenic animals from being created using human genes, for usage in research using animal models or the transplantation of human organs or tissues into animals.

The bill now passes to the state House of Representatives for consideration.

SOURCES & REFERENCES
Christian News Wire | 02 June 2010
 
Med City News | 03 June 2010
 

RELATED ARTICLES FROM THE BIONEWS ARCHIVE

28 February 2011 - by Julianna Photopoulos 
Legislation banning embryonic stem cell research in Oklahoma, United States, was approved by the state's House Committee last week. The House of Representatives' Public Health Committee narrowly passed the bill by six votes to five and it is now scheduled to go before the full House of Representatives....

04 May 2010 - by Nisha Satkunarajah 
The Michigan State Senate (US) has passed legislation which would lead to tight monitoring and regulation of research using stem cells derived from human embryos. The legislation prohibits the sale or purchase of human eggs and would also require research facilities, including universities, to file annual reports listing how many human embryos they have stored and other data...
21 December 2009 - by Ben Jones 
The UK's Department of Health (DH) has made public a new website to help stem cell researchers in adhering to statutory, regulatory and best practice requirements. The UK Stem Cell Tool Kit, (accessible at www.sc-toolkit.ac.uk), provides an online questionnaire covering the source of the stem cells to be used, whether genetic modification of the cells will occur and the extent of human contact with the materials generated. Answering these questions - which can be completed eith...
07 December 2009 - by Ben Jones 
A Missouri Republican State Representative has proposed legislation to block public spending on embryonic stem cell (ES cell) research in the state. The proposed amendment to the Missouri constitution called for an end to public funding of any research that involved the destruction of embryos. The pro-life Republican representative, Cynthia Davis, also included a ban on funding for abortion and any use of cloning technologies...

HAVE YOUR SAY
Be the first to have your say.

You need to or  to add comments.

By posting a comment you agree to abide by the BioNews terms and conditions


- click here to enquire about using this story.

Published by the Progress Educational Trust
Advertise your products and services HERE - click for further details

Good Fundraising Code

Become a Friend of PET HERE and give the Progress Educational Trust a regular donation