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Glossary

In vitro

Latin for 'within the glass'. Refers to experiments performed in a controlled environment like a test tube or culture media, rather than inside a living organism or cells.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Genetic 'sensor' spots and kill cells with key cancer gene

20 November 2017 - by Marcia Costa

A team of scientists in Germany has developed a 'sensor' that detects mutations in the key tumour suppressor gene p53 and then kills potentially cancerous cells... [Read More]

Broad Institute responds to Berkeley CRISPR patent appeal

30 October 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

The Broad Institute has filed arguments ahead of the upcoming CRISPR patent appeal hearing... [Read More]

Event Review: Manchester Science Festival - Reproduction 2.0

30 October 2017 - by Laura O'Donovan

Almost forty years have passed since the 1978 birth of Louise Brown – the first IVF baby – launched a revolution in reproductive medicine resulting in over 250,000 births in the UK alone... [Read More]

CRISPR used to uncover new drug targets for cancer

02 October 2017 - by Rachel Reeves

New potential drug targets have been identified for cancers associated with KRAS gene mutations, which are thought to drive around 20-30 percent of all human cancers... [Read More]

We need to talk about... CRISPR

21 August 2017 - by Giulia Cavaliere

Picture this - it's the last day in the office before the summer holidays, you're looking forward to some sunshine and warmth, email auto-response set, and all ready to go. Then, all of a sudden: the news... [Read More]

International genetics groups advocate germline CRISPR research

07 August 2017 - by Dr Greg Ball

Research into human germline genome editing should continue, recommends an international group of 11 human genetics organisations... [Read More]

CRISPR patent dispute ramps up with filing of court appeal

31 July 2017 - by Dr Rachel Brown

The University of California has moved to appeal a decision of the US Patent Trial and Appeal Board over the use of CRISPR in eukaryotic cells... [Read More]

Drinking tea alters women's epigenetics

05 June 2017 - by Cara Foley

Researchers have found that drinking tea may affect gene expression in women... [Read More]

Sperm in space produce healthy mouse pups on Earth

30 May 2017 - by Dr Ashley Cartwright

Mouse sperm stored aboard the International Space Station for nine months has been used to produce healthy pups back on Earth... [Read More]

Herbal remedy extracts may stop sperm drilling into eggs

22 May 2017 - by Rachel Reeves

Two plant chemicals used in folk medicines block a key step in fertilisation, and may provide a potential alternative to hormone-based contraceptives... [Read More]

Cancer fusion genes targeted with CRISPR

08 May 2017 - by Sarah Pritchard

Aggressive human prostate and liver tumours have been shrunk in mice by targeting a ‘fused’ gene mutation using CRISPR/Cas9... [Read More]

The CRISPR patent dispute - Europe and the US

02 May 2017 - by Brian Nolan

The European Patent Office and the United States Patent and Trademark Office have been thrust into a dispute pitting the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Vienna against the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard University. Scientists and inventors have been watching the decisions of the EPO and USPTO because these decisions may leave one of these entities with a patent portfolio worth billions of dollars... [Read More]

Female reproductive cycle recreated on chip

03 April 2017 - by Caroline Casey

Researchers in the US have replicated the female reproductive tract using a 3D model that mimics the natural menstrual cycle... [Read More]

Creating something out of nothing

13 March 2017 - by Sarah Norcross

Last week saw an exciting breakthrough in embryology, as stem cells from an adult mouse were used to grow a structure resembling a mouse embryo in vitro for the first time... [Read More]

The craftsmanship of mimicking embryogenesis in a dish

13 March 2017 - by Dr Dusko Ilic

The regulatory mechanisms governing organ development are, in general, poorly defined. To recreate the complex processes involved in organ growth and maturation, scientists have started fiddling with three-dimensional (3D) cell culture... [Read More]

Artificial mouse embryo created out of stem cells

06 March 2017 - by Anna Leida

Stem cells from an adult mouse have been used to grow a structure resembling a mouse embryo in vitro for the first time... [Read More]

Should the 14-day limit on human embryo research be extended?

09 January 2017 - by Baroness Mary Warnock

As the Progress Educational Trust's Patron, Baroness Mary Warnock, is made a Companion of Honour in the New Year Honours List 2017, she offers her thoughts on whether the 14-day limit on human embryo research (which she originally proposed in 1984) should be extended... [Read More]

Liquorice could lower female fertility

14 November 2016 - by Lone Hørlyck

A compound found in liquorice can have adverse effects on follicle growth and sex hormone production in mouse ovaries... [Read More]

Old drugs: new eggs?

07 November 2016 - by Bethany Muller and Dr Roger Sturmey

Ten years ago, the claim that treatment with cancer drugs can 'grow new eggs' would have been met with incredulity. But a recent study has raised the possibility that ovarian stem cells may be capable of providing new eggs in later life... [Read More]

Functional mouse eggs made from artificial stem cells

24 October 2016 - by Dr Katie Howe

Scientists in Japan are the first to have created live mouse pups from eggs that were made from stem cells... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

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Published by the Progress Educational Trust

CROSSING FRONTIERS

Public Conference
London
8 December 2017

Speakers include

Professor Azim Surani

Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz

Professor Robin Lovell-Badge

Sally Cheshire

Professor Guido Pennings

Katherine Littler

Professor Allan Pacey

Dr Sue Avery

Professor Richard Anderson

Dr Elizabeth Garner

Dr Andy Greenfield

Dr Anna Smajdor

Dr Henry Malter

Vivienne Parry

Dr Helen O'Neill

Dr César Palacios-González

Philippa Taylor

Fiona Fox

Sarah Norcross

Sandy Starr


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