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Glossary

In vitro

Latin for 'within the glass'. Refers to experiments performed in a controlled environment like a test tube or culture media, rather than inside a living organism or cells.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Culturing a human embryo for 14 days – what have we learned?

16 May 2016 - by Dr Helen O'Neill

Species-specific differences in terms of developmental timing and molecular expression patterns have restricted our true understanding of early human development... [Read More]

Stem cell scientists issue new guidelines to cover embryo editing

16 May 2016 - by Anneesa Amjad

An international body representing stem cell scientists has included human genome editing in its updated guidance on the manipulation of stem cells and their use in therapy... [Read More]

Pre-pubertal ovarian tissue preservation – are we pushing the boundaries too far?

11 April 2016 - by Dr Edgar Mocanu

Oncofertility services allow some women to cryopreserve oocytes, embryos or ovarian tissue in order to protect their ability to have a family when faced with malignancy and adjuvant therapy. However, to date, fertility cryopreservation had very little to offer young, pre-pubertal girls... [Read More]

Baby steps forward, baby steps back: towards a more liberal Swiss regulation of reproduction

07 September 2015 - by Dr Melanie Levy and Professor Vardit Ravitsky

Switzerland upholds stricter legislation on assisted reproduction and prenatal genetic testing than most European countries. However, recent regulatory changes demonstrate a possible shift towards a more liberal approach.... [Read More]

Cutting-edge technology and mitochondrial diseases - where is the limit?

27 July 2015 - by Dr Dusko Ilic

Given the complexity of the technology, costs and risks involved, two recently described mitochondrial 'gene-correction' strategies will probably remain as proof-of-concept studies and are unlikely be of practical use in clinical medicine in the foreseeable future... [Read More]

Stem cells trigger liver regeneration

27 July 2015 - by Hannah Somers

Researchers have successfully used a stem cell transplant to induce repair and regeneration of the liver in mice... [Read More]

Editing human embryos

27 April 2015 - by Professor Robin Lovell-Badge

As Chinese scientists report the first gene editing of human embryos, is a moratorium on such practice justified?... [Read More]

Embryonic spinal cord precursor cells generated for first time

26 August 2014 - by Dr Lux Fatimathas

Scientists have generated the specialised cells in the embryo that go on to form spinal cord, muscle and bone tissue and used them to produce nerve and muscle cells... [Read More]

Zebrafish research uncovers how stem cells form

18 August 2014 - by Siobhan Chan

Researchers studying the zebrafish have discovered how a certain type of stem cell, which produces all the blood cells in the body, is formed... [Read More]

Mobile phones linked to small drop in sperm quality

16 June 2014 - by Rachel Brown

Keeping mobile phones in pockets can affect two important measures of sperm health, a study suggests... [Read More]

Chemicals in soap 'may contribute to Western world's fertility problems', say scientists after lab study

19 May 2014 - by Dr Rosie Morley

Chemicals found in common household products can affect human sperm behaviour in the laboratory, according to a recent study... [Read More]

'Realistic' skin cells grown in lab

28 April 2014 - by Dr Lanay Tierney

An advanced 3D skin model developed at King's College London (KCL) may reduce the need for animal models in cosmetic testing.... [Read More]

Pregnancy hope for womb transplant patient

03 February 2014 - by Barbara Czub

A womb transplant recipient is set to become pregnant after doctors successfully transferred an embryo into the transplanted uterus. If the embryo embeds and the pregnancy is successful, the baby will become the first child born following a womb transplant.... [Read More]

Sperm-driven bio-bots controlled by magnets

16 December 2013 - by Chris Baldacci

Researchers in Germany have discovered a novel way to influence the direction of travel of sperm... [Read More]

Male pill on horizon

09 December 2013 - by Dr Katie Howe

A reversible way of stopping sperm cells being ejaculated has been identified in mice. The research could pave the way for the development of a male contraceptive pill... [Read More]

Ovaries 'reawakened' and baby born to early menopause mother

07 October 2013 - by Dr Lucy Freem

A new treatment to stimulate egg production from post-menopausal ovaries has resulted in the successful birth of a child after testing in a small clinical trial... [Read More]

Stem cells grown from adult tissue in live mice

16 September 2013 - by James Brooks

For the first time living tissue in mice has been induced into an embryonic state without any intervening preparation in the lab... [Read More]

Seeing in 3D

29 July 2013 - by Dr Dusko Ilic

We've all heard the stories about Archimedes taking a bath, Newton sitting under an apple tree - about moments when the secrets of nature suddenly revealed themselves to humankind. Well, stem cell science and regenerative medicine are nothing like that!... [Read More]

Exercise affects epigenetics of fat storage

15 July 2013 - by Emily Hoggar

Exercise directly affects which genes are expressed or silenced, causing fat cells to function differently, according to a study in PLOS Genetics... [Read More]

The dogma that had its day

15 July 2013 - by Professor John Galloway

It is not given to many to overturn a central dogma of scientific faith. But last year, John Gurdon was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for doing it... [Read More]

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