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Human Clinical Embryology and Assisted Conception MSc

Glossary

In vitro

Latin for 'within the glass'. Refers to experiments performed in a controlled environment like a test tube or culture media, rather than inside a living organism or cells.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Herbal remedy extracts may stop sperm drilling into eggs

22 May 2017 - by Rachel Reeves

Two plant chemicals used in folk medicines block a key step in fertilisation, and may provide a potential alternative to hormone-based contraceptives... [Read More]

Cancer fusion genes targeted with CRISPR

08 May 2017 - by Sarah Pritchard

Aggressive human prostate and liver tumours have been shrunk in mice by targeting a ‘fused’ gene mutation using CRISPR/Cas9... [Read More]

The CRISPR patent dispute - Europe and the US

02 May 2017 - by Brian Nolan

The European Patent Office and the United States Patent and Trademark Office have been thrust into a dispute pitting the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Vienna against the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard University. Scientists and inventors have been watching the decisions of the EPO and USPTO because these decisions may leave one of these entities with a patent portfolio worth billions of dollars... [Read More]

Female reproductive cycle recreated on chip

03 April 2017 - by Caroline Casey

Researchers in the US have replicated the female reproductive tract using a 3D model that mimics the natural menstrual cycle... [Read More]

Creating something out of nothing

13 March 2017 - by Sarah Norcross

Last week saw an exciting breakthrough in embryology, as stem cells from an adult mouse were used to grow a structure resembling a mouse embryo in vitro for the first time... [Read More]

The craftsmanship of mimicking embryogenesis in a dish

13 March 2017 - by Dr Dusko Ilic

The regulatory mechanisms governing organ development are, in general, poorly defined. To recreate the complex processes involved in organ growth and maturation, scientists have started fiddling with three-dimensional (3D) cell culture... [Read More]

Artificial mouse embryo created out of stem cells

06 March 2017 - by Anna Leida

Stem cells from an adult mouse have been used to grow a structure resembling a mouse embryo in vitro for the first time... [Read More]

Should the 14-day limit on human embryo research be extended?

09 January 2017 - by Baroness Mary Warnock

As the Progress Educational Trust's Patron, Baroness Mary Warnock, is made a Companion of Honour in the New Year Honours List 2017, she offers her thoughts on whether the 14-day limit on human embryo research (which she originally proposed in 1984) should be extended... [Read More]

Liquorice could lower female fertility

14 November 2016 - by Lone Hørlyck

A compound found in liquorice can have adverse effects on follicle growth and sex hormone production in mouse ovaries... [Read More]

Old drugs: new eggs?

07 November 2016 - by Bethany Muller and Dr Roger Sturmey

Ten years ago, the claim that treatment with cancer drugs can 'grow new eggs' would have been met with incredulity. But a recent study has raised the possibility that ovarian stem cells may be capable of providing new eggs in later life... [Read More]

Functional mouse eggs made from artificial stem cells

24 October 2016 - by Dr Katie Howe

Scientists in Japan are the first to have created live mouse pups from eggs that were made from stem cells... [Read More]

The Mexican mitochondrial case and moral supremacy

10 October 2016 - by Giulia Cavaliere

The announcement of the first baby born using mitochondrial spindle transfer, one of the two techniques that allow the replacement of faulty mitochondrial DNA, caught the UK scientific and bioethics community by surprise... [Read More]

Shortage of organs for transplantation – is more research on human–animal chimeras the right approach?

12 September 2016 - by Dr Silvia Camporesi and Giulia Cavaliere

By focusing all our attention on the ethics of human–animal hybrids, we may be overlooking non-technical solutions to the short supply of human organs for transplantation... [Read More]

Mitochondrial donation case study finally published after 13 years

22 August 2016 - by Dr Özge Özkaya

Chinese researchers say an IVF technique called pronuclear transfer can safely produce a viable pregnancy... [Read More]

Two genes linked to breast cancer survival

22 August 2016 - by Ebtehal Moussa

Researchers in the UK have discovered two key genes capable of predicting 10-year disease-specific survival outcomes in breast cancer patients... [Read More]

Australia's oldest IVF mother has baby at 62

08 August 2016 - by Nina Chohan

A 62-year-old Tasmanian woman has become Australia's oldest mother to conceive using IVF... [Read More]

Eggs successfully grown from two-year-old cancer patient

11 July 2016 - by Dr Rosie Gilchrist

A two-year-old girl has become the youngest person to undergo a new technique that could preserve her fertility after chemotherapy... [Read More]

Event Review: The Ethics of Human Artificial Gametes

11 July 2016 - by Dr John B Appleby and Dr César Palacios-González

A symposium titled 'The Ethics of Human Artificial Gametes' was recently held at the International Association of Bioethics 13th World Congress of Bioethics in Edinburgh to discuss the ethics of human artificial gametes... [Read More]

Culturing a human embryo for 14 days – what have we learned?

16 May 2016 - by Dr Helen O'Neill

Species-specific differences in terms of developmental timing and molecular expression patterns have restricted our true understanding of early human development... [Read More]

Stem cell scientists issue new guidelines to cover embryo editing

16 May 2016 - by 

An international body representing stem cell scientists has included human genome editing in its updated guidance on the manipulation of stem cells and their use in therapy... [Read More]

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