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The smallest particle of a substance that has all of the physical and chemical properties of that substance. Molecules are made up of two or more atoms - for example, a molecule of water is made up of two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen.

Articles using this Glossary Item


Night shifts may hinder DNA repair

03 July 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

DNA repair may be reduced in people working at night time, compared with those having a night's sleep, according to new research from the US... [Read More]

New approach to tackle breast cancer

24 April 2017 - by Dr James Heather

Researchers have discovered a new approach to slow the rate of breast cancer tumour growth in mice... [Read More]

'Later-life' genes activated during stress

27 February 2017 - by Emma Laycock

Researchers have found a set of bodyclock-controlled genes that activate in later life and times of intense stress to protect the body... [Read More]

Simple blood test could be 'smoke detector' for throat cancer

12 September 2016 - by Meetal Solanki

A blood test costing only £35 could help in the early diagnosis of oesophageal cancer and could be available in five years' time... [Read More]

Blood test detects biological age, risk of dementia

14 September 2015 - by Chris Hardy

A blood test designed to assess how well somebody is ageing could be used to predict whether or not they are likely to develop certain illnesses, like Alzheimer's disease... [Read More]

Breakthrough in rare disease that causes growth of second skeleton

07 September 2015 - by Dr Lucy Freem

Scientists have developed a potential antibody treatment for the rare genetic disease fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP), in which muscle and soft tissue gradually turn to bone... [Read More]

Skin cells transformed into neurons

10 August 2015 - by Jenny Sharpe

Two groups in China have independently succeeded in converting skin cells directly into neurons using different chemical cocktails.... [Read More]

Accurate editing of human DNA now possible, say scientists

11 November 2013 - by Dr Anna Cauldwell

A molecular technique that enables any part of the human genome to be altered with extreme precision has been hailed by scientists as a breakthrough in genetics... [Read More]

Drisapersen trial results are not the end for exon skipping

07 October 2013 - by Robert Meadowcroft and Neil Bennett

The families of children and young people with the severe genetic muscle-wasting condition Duchenne muscular dystrophy received a heavy blow last week... [Read More]

Muscular dystrophy genetic therapy falls short in major trial

23 September 2013 - by Dr Anna Cauldwell

A highly anticipated experimental treatment for the genetic condition Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy has failed in a key test of its effectiveness in a critical phase III clinical trial.

Gene variant explains statin side effects for some

02 September 2013 - by Dr Victoria Burchell

A variant of a gene involved in energy storage in muscles may be linked to problems experienced by some users of the cholesterol-lowering drugs statins... [Read More]

Jet lag eased in mice by blocking gene

02 September 2013 - by Siobhan Chan

A 'molecular basis' of jet lag has been identified and blocked in mice by inhibiting the activity of a single gene, according to scientists... [Read More]

Pair of genes linked to severe childhood epilepsy

19 August 2013 - by James Brooks

Two genetic variants have been pinpointed by researchers as causing two of the most severe forms of childhood epilepsy... [Read More]

Induced pluripotent stem cells made without gene manipulation

22 July 2013 - by Holly Rogers

For the first time, scientists have created induced pluripotent stem cells from adult tissue without adding extra genes... [Read More]

Radio Review: DNA 60 Years On

15 April 2013 - by George Frodsham

DNA 60 Years On does an excellent job of highlighting the transformation of DNA from an obscure molecule to a symbol of our identity and individuality and the role it has come to play in our lives... [Read More]

Genetic analysis tracks HIV-antibody arms race

08 April 2013 - by Matthew Thomas

For the first time, scientists have observed how the human immune system makes antibodies capable of neutralising the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), confirming the belief that their production occurs only after the virus has started to diversify.... [Read More]

Just five patients but gene therapy leukaemia trial yields positive results

25 March 2013 - by John Brinsley

Early results of an experimental gene therapy against an aggressive form of leukaemia have been hailed by researchers as showing 'life saving potential'.... [Read More]

Gene variants increase risk of both skin cancer and obesity

11 March 2013 - by George Frodsham

Scientists have found a link between skin cancer and the FTO gene, which was already associated with obesity... [Read More]

Cancer genetics: plans for London-based Tumour Profiling Unit unveiled

04 February 2013 - by David O'Rourke

The planned Tumuor Profiling Unit at The Institute for Cancer Research, London will focus on sequencing the DNA of cancer tumours to help diagnose and monitor different types of cancer, and to also identify those more likely to respond to particular treatments.... [Read More]

Gene found to rejuvenate stem cells

04 February 2013 - by Reuben Harwood

Aged stem cells can be returned to a younger, more active state by increasing the activity of a single gene... [Read More]


Events using this Glossary Item

Bioinformatics for Trainee Cytogeneticists and Molecular Geneticists
07 September 2009  Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
A course for trainee cytogeneticists and molecular geneticists...
Physics of Cells: From the Edge to the Heart
06 September 2009  Congress Centre, Hotel Zora, Raduća BB, Primošten 22202, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
The 1st European Molecular Biology Organisation conference on Cell Biophysics...
Mouse Genetics and Genomics: Development and Disease
02 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 22nd Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Mouse Genetics and Genomics...
School on Biology of Social Cognition
09 August 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing the biological underpinnings of social behaviour....

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