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Glossary

DNA (genetic) marker

A DNA (genetic) marker is a gene or DNA sequence with a known location on a chromosome that can be used to identify individuals or species.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Book Review: Bioinformation

16 October 2017 - by Ryan Ross

Since 2011, Polity Books has published a number of books in its 'Resources Series', which have focused on subjects like diamonds, oil and timber. Yet its forthcoming volume marks something of a shift, for its focus is bioinformation... [Read More]

Gene test could improve prediction of breast cancer risk

16 October 2017 - by Hannah Somers

A new genetic test to accurately predict an individual's risk of developing breast cancer will soon be rolled out at two hospital clinics in Manchester... [Read More]

Genes for insomnia discovered

19 June 2017 - by Lea Goetz

Researchers have found seven risk genes for insomnia through two large genome-wide and gene-based association studies... [Read More]

Dutch woman tracks her sperm donor using DNA bank

05 June 2017 - by Rikita Patel

A donor-conceived Dutch woman, Emi Stikkelman, is the first to find her sperm donor using an American commercial DNA bank... [Read More]

Forty new genes linked to intelligence in humans

30 May 2017 - by Annabel Slater

A study of almost 80,000 people has identified 40 new genes linked to intelligence... [Read More]

FDA approves home genetic tests for 10 diseases

10 April 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

The US Food and Drug Administration has approved the first genetic test to estimate an individual's risk of disease that can be sold directly to consumers... [Read More]

Gene linked to depression, and largest genetic study launched

10 April 2017 - by Sarah Gregory

Researchers have identified a gene variant that increases the risk of depression, while elsewhere the largest genetic study testing for risk factors gets underway... [Read More]

Genetic test could predict age of Alzheimer's onset

27 March 2017 - by Julianna Photopoulos

A genetic test based on 31 markers could be used to predict at what age an individual is likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease... [Read More]

Osteoporosis drug touted as potential 'BRCA-blocker'

27 June 2016 - by Helen Robertson

A drug currently used to treat osteoporosis in old age may help prevent breast cancer in women with a genetic predisposition for the disease... [Read More]

Genetic marker predicts colon cancer chemotherapy outcome

25 January 2016 - by Hannah Somers

Scientists in the USA have identified a biomarker that could predict which patients with colon cancer might benefit from chemotherapy to prevent recurrences of the disease after surgical treatment.... [Read More]

Man fails paternity test due to passing on unborn twin's DNA

02 November 2015 - by Jessica Richardson

A man discovered he was not the genetic father of his child, due to a rare form of chimerism that means some of his cells carry a genome belonging to an unborn twin who died in the womb... [Read More]

Obesity findings set precedent for GWAS research

07 September 2015 - by Dr James Heather

Recent findings linking the FTO gene to adipose cell energy use not only revealed a molecular mechanism that contributes to obesity, but they are also an exemplar of how genome-wide association study findings can make the journey to clinical relevance... [Read More]

Scientists disagree over Native American origins

27 July 2015 - by Isobel Steer

In a rare and high-profile scientific dispute, two recent genetic studies have reached opposing conclusions on the origins of Native Americans... [Read More]

Gene therapy for cystic fibrosis shows promise

06 July 2015 - by Dr Nicoletta Charolidi

A new gene therapy technique for treating cystic fibrosis has shown potential in a new study... [Read More]

Bronze Age genomics reveals origins of modern Europeans and Asians

15 June 2015 - by Paul Waldron

The modern European and Central Asian gene pools are the result of mass migrations during the Bronze Age, according to a new analysis of ancient human remains... [Read More]

CRISPR reveals new cancer drug targets

11 May 2015 - by Dr Indrayani Ghangrekar & Ayala Ochert

Molecular biologists have used gene-editing technology to identify promising targets for anti-cancer drugs... [Read More]

Cas9 inhibits hepatitis C in human cells

05 May 2015 - by Dr James Heather

US researchers have used the CRISPR/Cas9 system to target hepatitis C infection in human cells... [Read More]

Epigenetic blood test for children 'predicts' obesity five years later

31 March 2014 - by Dr Charlotte Warren-Gash

A DNA blood test for children aged five can help predict body fat levels when they are aged nine to 14, a small study suggests... [Read More]

'Fat gene' carriers should forgo fried foods, study finds

24 March 2014 - by Dr Anna Cauldwell

People with genes that predispose them to excess weight and obesity are more likely to put on weight from eating fried food, a study says... [Read More]

There's a new 'fat gene' in town...

17 March 2014 - by Dr Rosie Gilchrist

Scientists have identified a gene called IRX3 which is associated with obesity and may emerge as a serious contender as the most important 'fat gene' yet discovered... [Read More]

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Published by the Progress Educational Trust

CROSSING FRONTIERS

Public Conference
London
8 December 2017

Speakers include

Professor Azim Surani

Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz

Professor Robin Lovell-Badge

Sally Cheshire

Professor Guido Pennings

Katherine Littler

Professor Allan Pacey

Dr Sue Avery

Professor Richard Anderson

Dr Elizabeth Garner

Dr Andy Greenfield

Dr Anna Smajdor

Dr Henry Malter

Vivienne Parry

Dr Helen O'Neill

Dr César Palacios-González

Philippa Taylor

Fiona Fox

Sarah Norcross

Sandy Starr


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