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Glossary

Congenital

Present from birth. A congenital condition may or may not have a genetic basis.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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IVF and ICSI linked to congenital heart defects in children

27 November 2017 - by Georgia Everett

Children conceived using assisted reproductive techniques have a greater risk of congenital heart defects compared with children born through spontaneous conception, according to research... [Read More]

Noisy bedrooms may affect male fertility

03 July 2017 - by Lea Goetz

New research suggests living near a road which is noisy at night-time may contribute to male infertility... [Read More]

Genetic study identifies new type of muscular dystrophy

13 February 2017 - by Caroline Casey

Scientists have identified a unique form of congenital muscular dystrophy, characterised by short stature, intellectual disabilities and cataracts... [Read More]

Age does not increase risk of IVF or ICSI birth defects

24 October 2016 - by Lone Hørlyck

Bearing a child at a higher age does not increase risk of birth defects when the woman has received IVF or ICSI treatment to become pregnant, a recent study suggests... [Read More]

Dutch government seeks to allow creation of human embryos for research

06 June 2016 - by Anneesa Amjad

The Dutch government is planning to change the law to allow for the creation of human embryos for research... [Read More]

Abnormal fetuses are highly unlikely to heal themselves

18 April 2016 - by Professor Caroline Ogilvie

Press coverage of a recent study on mouse embryos speculates that termination of human pregnancies diagnosed with aneuploidy (a family of conditions including Down's syndrome) at prenatal diagnosis could be unnecessary, due to the ability of the fetus to 'heal itself'. In fact, the paper's findings are not relevant to aneuploidy detected at prenatal diagnosis... [Read More]

Reply to the signatories of the COGEN Consensus Statement

21 March 2016 - by Heidi Mertes, Sjoerd Repping & Guido de Wert

The cosignatories of the COGEN consensus statement attempt to refute our remarks and concerns about the increased use of preimplantation genetic screening by presenting the same low-level 'evidence' they continuously use to advocate the widespread adoption of PGS... [Read More]

Progesterone does not help women with recurrent miscarriages

30 November 2015 - by Rikita Patel

Progesterone supplementation in the first trimester of pregnancy does not improve outcomes for women with unexplained recurrent miscarriages, according to a large clinical trial... [Read More]

Fracking chemicals linked to reduced sperm count

19 October 2015 - by Lone Hørlyck

Prenatal exposure to chemicals used in fracking for oil or natural-gas operations may affect sperm count later in life, a new study performed on mice suggests... [Read More]

Trial of stem-cell therapy in the womb to begin

19 October 2015 - by Dr Jane Currie

Researchers have announced the first clinical trial of stem-cell therapy for fetuses still in the womb, as a treatment for brittle bone disease... [Read More]

TV Review: Countdown to Life, The Extraordinary Making of You - The First Eight Weeks

28 September 2015 - by Professor Sandy Raeburn

About forty years ago meetings of the London Dysmorphology Club were held at Great Ormond Street Hospital. This club set out to document the clinical features of childhood congenital disorders and to give as precise a label as possible to the underlying conditions, most of which were extremely rare.... [Read More]

Paternal age bioethics: have we missed the point?

13 July 2015 - by Dr Sarah Martins da Silva

Kevin Smith should be applauded for raising awareness of men's biological clocks, but his proposal to 'genetically improve' the human population through sperm banking seems preposterous... [Read More]

Mitochondrial donation as a clinical option: A response to Ted Morrow

29 September 2014 - by Professor Frances Flinter

Robust debate about the pros and cons of mitochondrial donation is essential, but the clinical reality of mitochondrial disorders is stark. Couples who have lost a child affected by a serious maternally-inherited mitochondrial disorder may have limited reproductive options... [Read More]

Genetic test speeds up diagnosis for children with cataracts

16 September 2013 - by Siobhan Chan

A blood test for children born with cataracts will allow faster diagnosis and more personalised treatment, according to researchers at the British Society for Genetic Medicine's annual conference... [Read More]

Risk of birth defects from cousin marriage revealed by Bradford study

08 July 2013 - by Dr Victoria Burchell

Marriage between first cousins could double the risk of any offspring having a birth defect, researchers say... [Read More]

Gene defect 'switched off' in human tissue

01 July 2013 - by Simon Hazelwood-Smith

Scientists have for the first time been able to switch on and off the effects of a genetic disease, myotonic dystrophy, in human muscle tissue... [Read More]

Genetic find for babies born with 'hole in the heart'

03 June 2013 - by Matthew Young

A gene linked to the congenital heart disease known as 'hole in the heart' has been discovered by UK researchers.... [Read More]

Stem cell windpipe transplant for toddler

07 May 2013 - by David O'Rourke

A toddler has become the youngest person to receive a bioengineered organ, receiving a life-saving windpipe transplant made from her own stem cells... [Read More]

Unbroken news: non-invasive prenatal testing

07 May 2013 - by James Brooks

I know what they say about yesterday's news and today's fish and chip paper but what I'm about to tell you is six months old and still a little way off as a headline... [Read More]

Policing preimplantation genetic diagnosis: patients first please

18 February 2013 - by Professor Alan Handyside, Dr Karen Sage, Michael Summers and Dr Alan Thornhill

The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority recently announced plans to review the list of approved inherited conditions for which preimplantation genetic diagnosis is currently licensed to ensure that it is only available for conditions which meet the statutory requirements in the UK... [Read More]

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Published by the Progress Educational Trust

CROSSING FRONTIERS

Public Conference
London
8 December 2017

Speakers include

Professor Azim Surani

Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz

Professor Robin Lovell-Badge

Sally Cheshire

Professor Guido Pennings

Katherine Littler

Professor Allan Pacey

Dr Sue Avery

Professor Richard Anderson

Dr Elizabeth Garner

Dr Andy Greenfield

Dr Anna Smajdor

Dr Henry Malter

Vivienne Parry

Dr Helen O'Neill

Dr César Palacios-González

Philippa Taylor

Fiona Fox

Sarah Norcross

Sandy Starr


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