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King's College London - Health: More than a medical matter





Lesbian couple fight NHS over fertility treatment

27 July 2009

By Antony Blackburn-Starza

Appeared in BioNews 518

A British lesbian couple have succeeded in obtaining IVF on the NHS after initially being refused on the ground of being the same-sex, reported the Times newspaper last week. The couple, who wish to remain anonymous, threatened an NHS Trust with legal action after they were denied fertility treatment for one of the women who became infertile after developing polycystic ovaries. The couple sought advice from David Herbert, partner at law firm Lester Aldridge, and put legal pressure on the Trust to overturn its decision, which it did last June. 'Discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation is contrary to the Human Rights Act and the Equality Act. There is an element of conflict in the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 which requires clinics to consider a child's 'need for a father,' Herbert said.

The couple gained the support of the UK's Equality and Human Rights Commission and other equal rights organisations. Stonewall, a homosexual rights organisation, has published a guide for lesbians who wish to become pregnant in response to a number of enquiries about the issue. Commenting on this case, Ruth Hunt, who is head of policy at the charity, highlighted how the law will change once the new Human Fertilisation and Embryology (HFE) Act comes into force. 'The changes in the law should mean that no infertile lesbian is refused NHS fertility treatment on the grounds of her sexual orientation,' she said.

The provision of IVF is currently partly regulated by the HFE Act 1990 which requires clinics when considering to provide treatment to take into account the child's 'need for a father'. This has been interpreted to deny homosexual couples and single parents IVF. As David Herbert explains: 'The 'need for a father' element is just about to be removed, by new provisions of the HFE Act 2008, on the grounds that it is discriminatory. The assessment will be for 'supportive parenting', which will come into force in October.' The Times reports that this is the second time the NHS has backed down following legal wrangling and offered lesbian couples IVF. Earlier this year a couple in Scotland sought legal advice and succeeded in persuading Greater Glasgow and Clyde NHS Trust to reverse its decision to withhold fertility treatment.

 

SOURCES & REFERENCES
Lesbian couple win fight for IVF on the NHS
The Sunday Times | 19 July 2009
 

RELATED ARTICLES FROM THE BIONEWS ARCHIVE

18 June 2012 - by James Taylor 
As Britain's leading lesbian, gay and bisexual equality charity, Stonewall welcome the decision by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence to update its fertility guidance to recognise recent changes in the law that will affect lesbian and bisexual women. The guidance, out to consultation, explicitly includes same-sex couples as an eligible group for fertility treatment... [Read More]
05 October 2009 - by Nisha Satkunarajah 
A lesbian couple has won a landmark case against a Californian clinic, where doctors allegedly cited their religious beliefs as grounds to refuse the couple IVF treatment.... [Read More]

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