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Glossary

Tumour

A distinct mass of tissue which results from an abnormal growth or abnormal division of cells. Tumours are said to be cancerous if they tend to continue growing uncontrollably, and if they are thought to have the potential to spread to surrounding tissues.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Genetic 'sensor' spots and kill cells with key cancer gene

20 November 2017 - by Marcia Costa

A team of scientists in Germany has developed a 'sensor' that detects mutations in the key tumour suppressor gene p53 and then kills potentially cancerous cells... [Read More]

AI test could be first screening tool for ovarian cancer

06 November 2017 - by Isobel Steer

Machine learning has been used to develop a promising screening test for ovarian cancer, a team of US-based researchers has said... [Read More]

Twenty-seven genes that suppress cancer discovered

06 November 2017 - by Julianna Photopoulos

Scientists have found 27 new tumour suppressor genes... [Read More]

Number of mutations needed to cause cancer calculated

19 October 2017 - by Charlott Repschlager

Between one and 10 mutations are required for a healthy cell to turn cancerous... [Read More]

Child brain cancer redefined as 10 different diseases

02 October 2017 - by Dr Molly Godfrey

Deadly childhood brain tumours are highly diverse and can be divided into 10 different subtypes, according to new research... [Read More]

CRISPR used to uncover new drug targets for cancer

02 October 2017 - by Rachel Reeves

New potential drug targets have been identified for cancers associated with KRAS gene mutations, which are thought to drive around 20-30 percent of all human cancers... [Read More]

Cancer mutations explored using organoids and CRISPR

18 September 2017 - by Dr Molly Godfrey

Organoids and CRISPR/Cas9 have been combined in a novel method to study genetic mutations occurring in cancer... [Read More]

FDA crackdown on unproven stem cell therapies

04 September 2017 - by Rikita Patel

The US Food and Drug Administration intends to investigate the use of unproven stem cell therapies being offered in the country's clinics... [Read More]

Stem cells restore neurons in monkey model of Parkinson's disease

04 September 2017 - by Caroline Casey

Neurons derived from human stem cells have successfully been used to treat and relieve symptoms of Parkinson's disease in a primate animal model... [Read More]

Cancer atlas leads way to personalised treatment

21 August 2017 - by Marcia Costa

Genes linked to 17 types of cancer have been mapped in a new Pathology Atlas by Swedish researchers... [Read More]

Liquid DNA biopsies could be used for cancer screening

21 August 2017 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

US researchers have developed a new blood test to detect cancer-related DNA alterations before patients experience symptoms... [Read More]

Sperm from stem cells could help some types of male infertility

21 August 2017 - by Shaoni Bhattacharya

Cells from genetically infertile male mice have been turned into sperm, and used to produce healthy pups... [Read More]

Dozens of new gene targets for cancer immunotherapy found

14 August 2017 - by Ebtehal Moussa

Over a 100 new genes that may be essential for cancer immunotherapy to work have been identified using a new CRISPR-based screen... [Read More]

Scientists use RNAi to create gene map of 'cancer dependencies'

31 July 2017 - by Dr Molly Godfrey

A comprehensive map of genes crucial to tumour cell survival has been created by researchers... [Read More]

Supercomputer overcomes key cancer genomics bottleneck

31 July 2017 - by Rikita Patel

The IBM Watson supercomputer can analyse 160 hours' worth of genomic data in just ten minutes... [Read More]

Gene therapy for leukaemia set for FDA go-ahead

17 July 2017 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

A drug for leukaemia that genetically alters patients' own cells to fight cancer, has cleared a critical hurdle in gaining commercial approval... [Read More]

First personalised vaccines shows promise for skin cancer

10 July 2017 - by Meetal Solanki

A revolutionary vaccine uses the patient’s own immune response to target tumour cells and could be the first step in bespoke, precision medicine. 

Lifetime cancer risk predicted for BRCA mutation carriers

26 June 2017 - by Lea Goetz

A study of almost 10,000 women carrying BRCA mutations has revealed the best estimate yet of their risk in developing breast and ovarian cancer... [Read More]

Liquid biopsy may help target prostate cancer treatment

26 June 2017 - by Charlotte Spicer

A new three-in-one blood test could progress personalised treatment for patients with prostate cancer... [Read More]

Blood test for testicular cancer a step closer

19 June 2017 - by Meetal Solanki

Testing for certain genes could identify men with a ten-fold increased risk of testicular cancer, suggests a new study... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

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Published by the Progress Educational Trust

CROSSING FRONTIERS

Public Conference
London
8 December 2017

Speakers include

Professor Azim Surani

Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz

Professor Robin Lovell-Badge

Sally Cheshire

Professor Guido Pennings

Katherine Littler

Professor Allan Pacey

Dr Sue Avery

Professor Richard Anderson

Dr Elizabeth Garner

Dr Andy Greenfield

Dr Anna Smajdor

Dr Henry Malter

Vivienne Parry

Dr Helen O'Neill

Dr César Palacios-González

Philippa Taylor

Fiona Fox

Sarah Norcross

Sandy Starr


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