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mRNA (messenger RNA)

mRNA (messenger RNA) is an intermediate stage between a gene and the protein it codes for. The cell uses an mRNA template when making a protein, rather than reading the DNA code directly.

Articles using this Glossary Item


Gene linked to schizophrenia is key in early brain development

02 October 2017 - by Charlott Repschlager

A gene associated with schizophrenia influences a critical stage of early brain development in mice... [Read More]

Regeneration of oocytes from discarded genetic material: will this double IVF success rates?

28 November 2016 - by Dr Philip Lewis and Professor Daniel Brison

A major factor limiting the effectiveness of IVF is the availability of high-quality egg cells from a patient. But new research suggests that the use of polar bodies might create two oocytes for the price of one... [Read More]

Lower mitochondria gene activity in brains with Alzheimer's disease

14 November 2016 - by Annabel Slater

Brain tissue from Alzheimer's disease patients shows reduced expression of nuclear genes coding for mitochondrial function... [Read More]

Research finds sperm's 'on' switch

21 March 2016 - by Dr Kimberley Bryon-Dodd

Researchers have discovered a receptor on the cell membrane of sperm that is vital for their activation... [Read More]

Database links genetic variants to effects on expression

11 May 2015 - by Dr Charlotte Warren-Gash

International scientists from the Genotype-Tissue Expression project have created a new database to study how genomic variants affect gene activity in different body tissues... [Read More]

Cas9 inhibits hepatitis C in human cells

05 May 2015 - by Dr James Heather

US researchers have used the CRISPR/Cas9 system to target hepatitis C infection in human cells... [Read More]

Genome editing prevents mitochondrial disease in mice

27 April 2015 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

A gene-editing technique that may prevent mutated mitochondrial DNA from being passed down from mother to child has shown success in an animal study... [Read More]

Human cells have their clock put back

09 February 2015 - by Chris Baldacci

Scientists have developed a technique to lengthen telomeres - the 'caps' on the end of chromosomes that protect DNA - in human cells in the lab, increasing the cells' lifespan... [Read More]

The STAP cell controversy: post factum

07 July 2014 - by Dr Dusko Ilic

Two papers published back to back in Nature took our breath away earlier this year, but the research community soon became sceptical and the published work was subjected to unprecedented scrutiny. How is it possible that something like this could happen?... [Read More]

Drug found effective in 'silencing' disease gene

15 July 2013 - by Matthew Thomas

A drug has been found to suppress the gene underlying a rare but fatal disease, according to results from an early-stage clinical trial... [Read More]

Exercise affects epigenetics of fat storage

15 July 2013 - by Emily Hoggar

Exercise directly affects which genes are expressed or silenced, causing fat cells to function differently, according to a study in PLOS Genetics... [Read More]

Gene defect 'switched off' in human tissue

01 July 2013 - by Simon Hazelwood-Smith

Scientists have for the first time been able to switch on and off the effects of a genetic disease, myotonic dystrophy, in human muscle tissue... [Read More]

Genetic similarities found between ovarian and breast cancers

01 October 2012 - by Dr Zara Mahmoud

Scientists have found molecular similarities between a subtype of breast cancer and a hard-to-treat form of ovarian cancer... [Read More]

Human brain atlas, revealing genetic activity in 3D, published online

24 September 2012 - by Dr Lux Fatimathas

The first detailed maps of genetic activity in the human brain have been published online by scientists... [Read More]

Two RNA studies give clues to neurodegeneration

23 January 2012 - by Dr Zara Mahmoud

Two independent studies have suggested new targets for treating neurodegenerative diseases... [Read More]

Biopsy of egg DNA to aid IVF

10 October 2011 - by Dr Lux Fatimathas

US researchers have developed a way to analyse the viability of human eggs at a genetic level without causing them harm. This technology will help improve the chances of successful IVF for couples with fertility problems... [Read More]

Scientists discover new way to reverse genetic defects

20 June 2011 - by Dr Rebecca Hill

Scientists have discovered a way to bypass the type of mutation that causes about a third of human genetic diseases. Experiments in yeast have shown how chemical modifications can allow a cell's machinery to ignore mistakes in DNA known as nonsense mutations... [Read More]

Genes, autism and brain structure

31 May 2011 - by Mehmet Fidanboylu

Gene activity in two brain regions is different in autism, scientists say. A US study found activity patterns were similar in the frontal and temporal lobes of people with autism, despite the lobes having different functions... [Read More]

New method '100-fold' better at stem cell reprogramming

03 May 2011 - by Dr Marianne Kennedy

A novel and more efficient method for generating induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from adult cells using small RNA molecules has been discovered by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in the USA... [Read More]

Cell division genes published

06 April 2010 - by Ailsa Stevens

The results of a huge multinational project to pinpoint all the genes and related proteins essential for cell division are to be made publically available for other researchers to use... [Read More]


Events using this Glossary Item

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Published by the Progress Educational Trust


Public Conference
8 December 2017

Speakers include

Professor Azim Surani

Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz

Professor Robin Lovell-Badge

Sally Cheshire

Professor Guido Pennings

Katherine Littler

Professor Allan Pacey

Dr Sue Avery

Professor Richard Anderson

Dr Elizabeth Garner

Dr Andy Greenfield

Dr Anna Smajdor

Dr Henry Malter

Vivienne Parry

Dr Helen O'Neill

Dr César Palacios-González

Philippa Taylor

Fiona Fox

Sarah Norcross

Sandy Starr


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