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Glossary

RNA (ribonucleic acid)

RNA (ribonucleic acid) is created when DNA is transcribed. Like DNA, RNA contains the chemical bases adenine (A), cytosine (C) and guanine (G), but uses uracil (U) instead of thymine (T).



Articles using this Glossary Item

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RNA editing with CRISPR could treat genetic diseases

14 August 2017 - by Emma Lamb and Annabel Slater

Scientists have repurposed CRISPR to target the repetitive RNA sequences responsible for several genetic diseases... [Read More]

Scientists use RNAi to create gene map of 'cancer dependencies'

31 July 2017 - by Dr Molly Godfrey

A comprehensive map of genes crucial to tumour cell survival has been created by researchers... [Read More]

Supercomputer overcomes key cancer genomics bottleneck

31 July 2017 - by Rikita Patel

The IBM Watson supercomputer can analyse 160 hours' worth of genomic data in just ten minutes... [Read More]

First personalised vaccines shows promise for skin cancer

10 July 2017 - by Meetal Solanki

A revolutionary vaccine uses the patient’s own immune response to target tumour cells and could be the first step in bespoke, precision medicine. 

Genome editing used to slow cancer growth

30 May 2017 - by Annabel Slater

US scientists have delayed cancer cell growth by using genome editing to remove a protein... [Read More]

CRISPR gene-editing eliminates HIV in mice

08 May 2017 - by Emma Laycock

US scientists have used CRISPR gene-editing to remove HIV DNA from the genomes of living animals, eliminating further infection.

The CRISPR patent dispute - Europe and the US

02 May 2017 - by Brian Nolan

The European Patent Office and the United States Patent and Trademark Office have been thrust into a dispute pitting the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Vienna against the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard University. Scientists and inventors have been watching the decisions of the EPO and USPTO because these decisions may leave one of these entities with a patent portfolio worth billions of dollars... [Read More]

Highly sensitive CRISPR diagnostic tool created

24 April 2017 - by Jennifer Willows and Annabel Slater

A new highly sensitive diagnostic system for diseases has been adapted from CRISPR... [Read More]

Rapid blood test could detect lung cancer

24 April 2017 - by Meghna Kataria

A blood test could swiftly detect gene mutations found in lung cancer, allowing faster commencement of treatment... [Read More]

Gene therapy could prevent breast cancer from spreading

26 September 2016 - by Ebtehal Moussa

A new gene therapy technique using microRNAs has successfully prevented the spread of breast cancer in mice... [Read More]

Blurred boundaries – the language of DNA

08 August 2016 - by Professor Marcus Pembrey

The general public have appropriated the term DNA to mean much more than just the molecule itself. This may not be a problem most of the time but, in the case of donor eggs and sperm in particular, it's important that people are clear on what genetics and epigenetics really tell us... [Read More]

MIT CRISPR team turn to RNA

06 June 2016 - by Ayala Ochert and Amina Yonis

The team that developed the CRISPR/Cas9 DNA-editing technique have now developed a new system that could allow RNA editing... [Read More]

CRISPR boosts cheap Zika test

16 May 2016 - by Sarah Gregory

Researchers have developed a quick and cheap 'paper-based' test that uses CRISPR to detect the Zika virus... [Read More]

Book Review: Herding Hemingway's Cats

25 April 2016 - by Dr Indrayani Ghangrekar

Dr Kat Arney guides us through the weird and wonderful and convoluted mess that is genetics, but manages to make the complicated concepts accessible... [Read More]

Genome editing and CRISPR: The science of engineering the embryo

18 January 2016 - by Dr Jess Buxton

We report from the third session of the annual conference of the Progress Educational Trust, titled 'Genome Editing and CRISPR: The Science of Engineering the Embryo', which discussed these new technologies and how they might be used in the future... [Read More]

CRISPR technique refined to reduce errors

11 January 2016 - by Paul Waldron

Researchers have improved the genome-editing technique CRISPR/Cas9, reducing errors to nearly undetectable levels, according to a new study... [Read More]

CRISPR/Cas patent wars have begun at the European Patent Office

23 November 2015 - by Dr James Legg

On 26 October this year the CRISPR/Cas patent wars truly began with the filing of European oppositions against what appears to be the first patent granted in Europe for this revolutionary gene-editing technology.... [Read More]

Can donor egg recipients 'pass on DNA' to their children?

02 November 2015 - by Dr Jess Buxton

A recent study suggests that embryonic gene activity may be altered by factors present in the womb even before implantation. This finding triggered a somewhat misleading newspaper article entitled 'Infertile mums "pass on DNA"', which claimed the research means recipients of donor eggs are passing on their own DNA to their child. This isn't the case... [Read More]

Genome analysis shows Ebola can be sexually transmitted

19 October 2015 - by Dr Julia Hill

Traces of Ebola virus RNA have been found in the semen of survivors up to nine months after infection, genome analysis has revealed... [Read More]

New CRISPR technique could improve precision

05 October 2015 - by Meghna Kataria

Scientists have identified a new version of the gene-editing technique CRISPR, which could enable greater precision in the editing of genomes, while making its use simpler and more flexible... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

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Published by the Progress Educational Trust

CROSSING FRONTIERS

Moving the Boundaries of Human Reproduction

Public Conference
London
8 December 2017

Speakers include

Professor Azim Surani

Professor Robin Lovell-Badge

Sally Cheshire

Professor Guido Pennings

Katherine Littler

Professor Richard Anderson

Dr Sue Avery

Dr Elizabeth Garner

Professor Allan Pacey

Dr Anna Smajdor

Dr Andy Greenfield

Philippa Taylor

Dr César Palacios-González

Fiona Fox

Sarah Norcross

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