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Glossary

RNA (ribonucleic acid)

RNA (ribonucleic acid) is created when DNA is transcribed. Like DNA, RNA contains the chemical bases adenine (A), cytosine (C) and guanine (G), but uses uracil (U) instead of thymine (T).



Articles using this Glossary Item

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First trials of Huntington's drug show it could slow disease

11 December 2017 - by Martha Henriques

A breakthrough trial has successfully reduced levels of the harmful protein that causes the neurodegenerative disease Huntington's... [Read More]

New CRISPR technique reverses diabetes and kidney failure in mice without cutting DNA

11 December 2017 - by Isobel Steer

Scientists in California have used a modified form of the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing approach to epigenetically treat diabetes, kidney disease and muscular dystrophy in mice... [Read More]

Synthetic DNA used to make proteins in living cells

04 December 2017 - by Dr James Heather

Two extra letters have been added to the genetic code in bacteria, bringing the number of 'letters' up to six... [Read More]

New advance in DNA base editing tools

30 October 2017 - by Julianna Photopoulos

Scientists have developed the genome editing technique known as 'base editing' to turn adenine-thymine base pairs back to guanine-cytosine... [Read More]

RNA editing tools could create new disease therapies

30 October 2017 - by Dr Rachel Huddart

A new molecular tool to change individual letters in an RNA sequence may open up new possibilities for gene therapy... [Read More]

'CRISPR-Gold' repairs muscular dystrophy gene in mouse model

09 October 2017 - by Emma Laycock

Scientists have repaired the faulty gene in a mouse model of muscular dystrophy by using gold nanoparticles to deliver the genome editing tool CRISPR-Cas9... [Read More]

Podcast Review: The Life Scientific - Jennifer Doudna

25 September 2017 - by Rikita Patel

The new era of gene technology presents an exciting approach to treat deleterious, inherited genetic conditions. Presenter Jim Al-Khalili talks to Professor Jennifer Doudna, from her early life to her research into molecular biology, to the development of the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing system... [Read More]

Brain has 'genetic calendar' for ageing

18 September 2017 - by Annabel Slater

A 'genetic lifespan calendar' of lifelong gene expression changes has been discovered in human and mouse brains... [Read More]

Book Review: A Crack in Creation - Gene Editing and the Unthinkable Power to Control Evolution

21 August 2017 - by Annabel Slater

I'm glad to see a scientist engaging so strongly in public debate about the use of technology, rather than speculating on the sidelines... [Read More]

RNA editing with CRISPR could treat genetic diseases

14 August 2017 - by Emma Lamb and Annabel Slater

Scientists have repurposed CRISPR to target the repetitive RNA sequences responsible for several genetic diseases... [Read More]

Scientists use RNAi to create gene map of 'cancer dependencies'

31 July 2017 - by Dr Molly Godfrey

A comprehensive map of genes crucial to tumour cell survival has been created by researchers... [Read More]

Supercomputer overcomes key cancer genomics bottleneck

31 July 2017 - by Rikita Patel

The IBM Watson supercomputer can analyse 160 hours' worth of genomic data in just ten minutes... [Read More]

First personalised vaccines shows promise for skin cancer

10 July 2017 - by Meetal Solanki

A revolutionary vaccine uses the patient’s own immune response to target tumour cells and could be the first step in bespoke, precision medicine. 

Genome editing used to slow cancer growth

30 May 2017 - by Annabel Slater

US scientists have delayed cancer cell growth by using genome editing to remove a protein... [Read More]

CRISPR gene-editing eliminates HIV in mice

08 May 2017 - by Emma Laycock

US scientists have used CRISPR gene-editing to remove HIV DNA from the genomes of living animals, eliminating further infection.

The CRISPR patent dispute - Europe and the US

02 May 2017 - by Brian Nolan

The European Patent Office and the United States Patent and Trademark Office have been thrust into a dispute pitting the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Vienna against the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard University. Scientists and inventors have been watching the decisions of the EPO and USPTO because these decisions may leave one of these entities with a patent portfolio worth billions of dollars... [Read More]

Highly sensitive CRISPR diagnostic tool created

24 April 2017 - by Jennifer Willows and Annabel Slater

A new highly sensitive diagnostic system for diseases has been adapted from CRISPR... [Read More]

Rapid blood test could detect lung cancer

24 April 2017 - by Meghna Kataria

A blood test could swiftly detect gene mutations found in lung cancer, allowing faster commencement of treatment... [Read More]

Gene therapy could prevent breast cancer from spreading

26 September 2016 - by Ebtehal Moussa

A new gene therapy technique using microRNAs has successfully prevented the spread of breast cancer in mice... [Read More]

Blurred boundaries – the language of DNA

08 August 2016 - by Professor Marcus Pembrey

The general public have appropriated the term DNA to mean much more than just the molecule itself. This may not be a problem most of the time but, in the case of donor eggs and sperm in particular, it's important that people are clear on what genetics and epigenetics really tell us... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

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Published by the Progress Educational Trust

CROSSING FRONTIERS

Public Conference
London
8 December 2017

Speakers include

Professor Azim Surani

Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz

Professor Robin Lovell-Badge

Sally Cheshire

Professor Guido Pennings

Katherine Littler

Professor Allan Pacey

Dr Sue Avery

Professor Richard Anderson

Dr Elizabeth Garner

Dr Andy Greenfield

Dr Anna Smajdor

Dr Henry Malter

Vivienne Parry

Dr Helen O'Neill

Dr César Palacios-González

Philippa Taylor

Fiona Fox

Sarah Norcross

Sandy Starr


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