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Glossary

Protein

A large biological molecule made up of a string of sub-units called amino acids. There are thousands of different proteins in the human body, each with a particular job. For example, haemoglobin carries oxygen around the blood.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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FDA advisors back gene therapy for rare inherited blindness

16 October 2017 - by Rikita Patel

The US Food Drug and Administration advisory committee has backed the use of gene therapy to treat a hereditary disease for the first time... [Read More]

CRISPR used to uncover new drug targets for cancer

02 October 2017 - by Rachel Reeves

New potential drug targets have been identified for cancers associated with KRAS gene mutations, which are thought to drive around 20-30 percent of all human cancers... [Read More]

Gene linked to schizophrenia is key in early brain development

02 October 2017 - by Charlott Repschlager

A gene associated with schizophrenia influences a critical stage of early brain development in mice... [Read More]

First genome editing of human embryos by UK scientists

25 September 2017 - by Paul Waldron

UK scientists have successfully edited the genome of human embryos to study the role of a gene key to the earliest stages of development... [Read More]

Gene therapy reverses multiple sclerosis in mice

25 September 2017 - by Sarah Gregory

A novel gene therapy can reverse the symptoms and progression of disease in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis... [Read More]

Cancer atlas leads way to personalised treatment

21 August 2017 - by Marcia Costa

Genes linked to 17 types of cancer have been mapped in a new Pathology Atlas by Swedish researchers... [Read More]

Female is not 'default sex' of embryos

21 August 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

A protein that controls removal of male reproductive tissue in female mice embryos has been discovered... 

Vitamin C slows leukaemia in mice by tweaking key gene

21 August 2017 - by Emma Laycock

High doses of vitamin C may help fight certain leukaemias by boosting the activity of a particular gene, suggests a new study... [Read More]

Dozens of new gene targets for cancer immunotherapy found

14 August 2017 - by Ebtehal Moussa

Over a 100 new genes that may be essential for cancer immunotherapy to work have been identified using a new CRISPR-based screen... [Read More]

Faster diagnosis hope for mitochondrial disease

14 August 2017 - by Shaoni Bhattacharya

A new approach to genetic analysis may lead to a faster way to diagnose mitochondrial disease... [Read More]

RNA editing with CRISPR could treat genetic diseases

14 August 2017 - by Emma Lamb and Annabel Slater

Scientists have repurposed CRISPR to target the repetitive RNA sequences responsible for several genetic diseases... [Read More]

Gene therapy reverses muscular dystrophy in dogs in world first

31 July 2017 - by Jenny Sharpe

A safe and effective gene therapy treating Duchenne muscular dystrophy in dogs has been demonstrated... [Read More]

75 percent of human genome is junk DNA

24 July 2017 - by Ipsita Herlekar

Almost 75 percent of the human genome is 'junk DNA', suggests a new study... [Read More]

Alzheimer's disease linked to two new genes, and immune response

24 July 2017 - by Caroline Casey

Two new genes which alter the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease have been identified... [Read More]

Event Review: Wellcome Collection Packed Lunch - DNA Repair

17 July 2017 - by Charlotte Spicer

It’s not often a PhD student finds themselves with a whole hour to break for lunch. So when asked to review one of the Wellcome Trust’s 'Packed Lunch' talks, I jumped at the chance to make better use of some rare free time. The monthly event, situated at the Euston-based Wellcome Collection, promises to feed your curiosity... [Read More]

First personalised vaccines shows promise for skin cancer

10 July 2017 - by Meetal Solanki

A revolutionary vaccine uses the patient’s own immune response to target tumour cells and could be the first step in bespoke, precision medicine. 

How new 'molecular scissors' may give crisper CRISPR

10 July 2017 - by Rikita Patel

Researchers have revealed the structure and action of a new type of 'molecular scissors' known as Cpf1, which may improve CRISPR genome editing.

Huntington's disease in mice partly reversed using CRISPR

26 June 2017 - by Meghna Kataria

Eliminating the faulty protein that causes Huntingdon's disease goes some way to reversing disease progression in mice, a study has found... [Read More]

Fetal immune system is active, not immature

19 June 2017 - by Cara Foley

The fetal immune system is more mature in the second trimester than previously thought, which could assist research into diseases, miscarriage and immune tolerance, researchers say... [Read More]

Three mutations could make bird flu more infectious to humans

19 June 2017 - by Helen Robertson

Scientists have identified three potential genetic mutations that could allow a dangerous strain of avian influenza to spread between humans... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms...
The Blind-Drunk Mutant Mouse: A Model for Schizophrenia?
19 November 2009 12midday Francis Crick Auditorium, Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
A discussion introduced by Professor Kay Davies, Head of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics at the University of Oxford...


Published by the Progress Educational Trust

CROSSING FRONTIERS

Moving the Boundaries of Human Reproduction

Public Conference
London
8 December 2017

Speakers include

Professor Azim Surani

Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz

Professor Robin Lovell-Badge

Sally Cheshire

Professor Guido Pennings

Katherine Littler

Professor Allan Pacey

Dr Sue Avery

Professor Richard Anderson

Dr Elizabeth Garner

Dr Jacques Cohen

Dr Anna Smajdor

Dr Andy Greenfield

Vivienne Parry

Dr Helen O'Neill

Dr César Palacios-González

Philippa Taylor

Fiona Fox

Sarah Norcross


BOOK HERE

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