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King's College London - Health: More than a medical matter

Glossary

Protein

A large biological molecule made up of a string of sub-units called amino acids. There are thousands of different proteins in the human body, each with a particular job. For example, haemoglobin carries oxygen around the blood.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Synthetic biology moves beyond bacteria and viruses with 'man-made' yeast chromosome

31 March 2014 - by Rhys Baker

The world's first fully-functional synthetic yeast chromosome has been created in an international seven-year effort... [Read More]

'Big data on steroids': IBM's Watson supercomputer to work on brain cancer genetics

24 March 2014 - by Chris Baldacci

IBM and the New York Genome Centre have teamed up to announce the latest weapon in the fight against cancer - Watson the supercomputer.... [Read More]

There's a new 'fat gene' in town...

17 March 2014 - by Dr Rosie Morley

Scientists have identified a gene called IRX3 which is associated with obesity and may emerge as a serious contender as the most important 'fat gene' yet discovered... [Read More]

Event Review: Bio-Revolution

17 March 2014 - by Chris Hardy

At the Science Museum's 'drinking and thinking' event, visitors extracted DNA from strawberries and discussed genome sequencing in the NHS... [Read More]

Gene therapy could be 'functional cure' for HIV

10 March 2014 - by Dr Lanay Tierney

A potential HIV therapy where patients have their blood cells genetically modified to help them resist the virus is safe and promising as a treatment, say researchers after a small clinical trial... [Read More]

Teenager uncovers genetics behind her own rare cancer

03 March 2014 - by Rhys Baker

A recovering teenage cancer patient is a lead author of a study into the rare form of liver cancer she contracted. The research, published in Science, identified a key mutation that may explain the uncontrolled growth of the tumour... [Read More]

Couch potato gene found in mice, says study

24 February 2014 - by Rachel Brown

A mutation in a gene may explain why certain people exercise less and gain weight, according to a study published in PLOS Genetics... [Read More]

Mitochondrial clock used to predict worm lifespan

17 February 2014 - by Chris Baldacci

A technique that accurately predicts the lifespan of nematode worms has been developed by scientists monitoring mitochondrial activity... [Read More]

Gene that links intelligence and grey matter found

17 February 2014 - by Chee Hoe Low

A gene associated with thinner grey matter, which contributes to lower intellectual ability, has been identified by scientists... [Read More]

Decoded hookworm DNA helps highlight drug targets

27 January 2014 - by Barbara Czub

Scientists have sequenced the DNA of the hookworm, a parasite that feeds on blood in the human digestive tract... [Read More]

Big belly genes? Five mutations linked to 'central adiposity'

27 January 2014 - by David O'Rourke

A study on over 57,000 people has revealed a link between five genes and waist-to-hip ratio, one of the most accurate predictors of obesity-related disease and mortality... [Read More]

Gene therapy looking good for inherited blindness

16 January 2014 - by Siobhan Chan

Gene therapy for an eye condition called choroideremia is safe and has improved the vision of six patients, says a study in the Lancet... [Read More]

TV Review: Royal Institution Christmas Lectures

06 January 2014 - by Dr Naqash Raja

In the first of three Christmas lectures with the theme 'life fantastic' from the Royal Institution, Dr Allison Woollard answers the ever-important question: 'where do I come from?'... [Read More]

Rheumatoid arthritis: largest study yet yields risk gene haul

06 January 2014 - by James Heather

The largest genetic study of rheumatoid arthritis to date has found an additional 42 disease-associated locations in the genome... [Read More]

Male pill on horizon

09 December 2013 - by Dr Katie Howe

A reversible way of stopping sperm cells being ejaculated has been identified in mice. The research could pave the way for the development of a male contraceptive pill... [Read More]

Film Review: Dance Your PhD

09 December 2013 - by Linda Wijlaars

Dancing cocks (that's male chickens, cheeky) in tight speedos fighting over a scantily clad egg might not be the first thing that comes to mind when thinking about PhD theses. However, that just about describes this year's winner of Science magazine's Dance Your PhD contest... [Read More]

The alcohol gene? Mice with mutation hit the bottle

02 December 2013 - by Dr Naqash Raja

A gene mutation has been linked to alcohol preference in lab mice, a team of researchers from five UK universities has found... [Read More]

Implantable 'gene circuit' helps obese mice slim down

02 December 2013 - by Dr Lux Fatimathas

An artificial 'gene circuit' implanted in obese mice promotes weight loss by reducing appetite, while having no effect when implanted in mice of normal weight... [Read More]

Breast cancer risk may still be higher despite BRCA-negative test results

02 December 2013 - by Dr Charlotte Warren-Gash

Women from families with a history of carrying the cancer risk gene BRCA2, but who test negative for it, may be at higher risk of breast cancer than previously thought... [Read More]

Sperm test for infertile men could reduce need for surgery

25 November 2013 - by David O'Rourke

Researchers have developed a non-surgical test that could be used to tell whether men with zero sperm counts could father children via IVF... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

 

Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms... [Read More]
The Blind-Drunk Mutant Mouse: A Model for Schizophrenia?
19 November 2009 12midday Francis Crick Auditorium, Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
A discussion introduced by Professor Kay Davies, Head of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics at the University of Oxford... [Read More]


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