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Human Clinical Embryology and Assisted Conception MSc

Glossary

Mutation

A change in the sequence of DNA. Mutations occurring in genes may prevent them from working properly, which might result in disease (a genetic disorder). Mutations occur naturally at a low rate, but can also be induced by radiation and some chemicals.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Daughter wins right to sue father's doctors in confidentiality case

22 May 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

A woman whose father has Huntington’s disease has won the right to sue his doctors for negligence, for failing to tell her... [Read More]

Mutations associated with cancer found in endometriosis

15 May 2017 - by Isobel Steer

Cancer-related mutations have been found in tissue taken from patients with deep endometriosis... [Read More]

Cancer fusion genes targeted with CRISPR

08 May 2017 - by Sarah Pritchard

Aggressive human prostate and liver tumours have been shrunk in mice by targeting a ‘fused’ gene mutation using CRISPR/Cas9... [Read More]

CRISPR gene-editing eliminates HIV in mice

08 May 2017 - by Emma Laycock

US scientists have used CRISPR gene-editing to remove HIV DNA from the genomes of living animals, eliminating further infection.

Gene may accelerate memory loss in Alzheimer's disease

08 May 2017 - by Lone Hørlyck

A gene mutation may speed up memory loss and general cognitive decline in people who are at risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease... [Read More]

Men and women express 6500 genes differently

08 May 2017 - by Helen Robertson

At least 6500 genes are expressed at different levels in male or female body tissues, finds a new study... [Read More]

New approach to tackle breast cancer

24 April 2017 - by Dr James Heather

Researchers have discovered a new approach to slow the rate of breast cancer tumour growth in mice... [Read More]

Rapid blood test could detect lung cancer

24 April 2017 - by Meghna Kataria

A blood test could swiftly detect gene mutations found in lung cancer, allowing faster commencement of treatment... [Read More]

Gene for sound sleep identified

10 April 2017 - by Annabel Slater

A gene has been linked to quality of sleep... [Read More]

'Night owl' gene identified

10 April 2017 - by Caroline Casey

Researchers in the US have identified a gene mutation that causes a person's internal body clock to run slowly, leading to delayed sleep and difficulty in waking early... [Read More]

79 rare obesity-causing genes catalogued

03 April 2017 - by Dr Marianne Kennedy

Seventy-nine rare genetic syndromes in which obesity is a major feature have been catalogued by Canadian researchers... [Read More]

Method behind first successful mitochondrial replacement therapy revealed

03 April 2017 - by Helen Robertson

Details of the world's first successful use of mitochondrial replacement therapy in IVF have been published... [Read More]

Podcast Review: CRISPR Updated

27 March 2017 - by Emma Laycock

Radiolab explores the science, the uses and the ethics of CRISPR in this podcast that was two years in the making... [Read More]

Two-thirds of cancers caused by random mutations

27 March 2017 - by Caroline Casey

A new study has found that up to 66 percent of cancer-causing mutations can be attributed to random mistakes made during DNA replication... [Read More]

Existing drugs could benefit one in five breast cancer patients

20 March 2017 - by Dr Molly Godfrey

A genetic study of breast cancer patients suggests that existing drugs for treating rare breast and ovarian cancers may help more patients than previously thought... [Read More]

HFEA grants first UK licence to carry out mitochondrial donation

20 March 2017 - by Georgia Everett

Doctors at Newcastle Fertility Centre have been granted the first UK licence to use mitochondrial replacement therapy as a fertility treatment to prevent the inheritance of mitochondrial disease... [Read More]

18 new genes linked to autism

13 March 2017 - by Jenny Sharpe

A study that sequenced the whole genomes of over 5000 people has discovered 18 genes associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)... [Read More]

First genome editing of normal human embryos

13 March 2017 - by Dr Katie Howe

Chinese scientists have successfully used genome editing to correct mutations in viable human embryos for the first time... [Read More]

The craftsmanship of mimicking embryogenesis in a dish

13 March 2017 - by Dr Dusko Ilic

The regulatory mechanisms governing organ development are, in general, poorly defined. To recreate the complex processes involved in organ growth and maturation, scientists have started fiddling with three-dimensional (3D) cell culture... [Read More]

Podcast Review: Naked Genetics – Testing, testing

06 March 2017 - by Matthew Thomas

Dr Kat Arney leads a fascinating and wide-ranging discussion of genetic testing – from testing for cancer genes to whether your child's DNA can predict their future sporting ability... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

Testing, Testing 1, 2, 3: PGS and PGD
13 September 2016 6pm (registration), 6.30pm-8.30pm (discussion) Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH
The Progress Educational Trust's FREE-to-attend event about testing and screening human embryos is taking place TOMORROW EVENING - book NOW. The event will be chaired by Dr Sue Avery, with speakers including Dr Tony Gordon, Dr Christine Patch, James Lawford Davies and Professor Michael Parker...
Risk Assessment: Breast Cancer, Prediction and Screening
08 May 2014 6.30pm-8.30pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Malet Place, London WC1E 6BT
The second FREE public event in the Progress Educational Trust's 'Breast Cancer: Chances, Choices and Genetics' series...
Relative Risk: Breast Cancer and Genetics
03 April 2014 6.30pm-8.30pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Malet Place, London WC1E 6BT
LAST CHANCE to book for this coming Thursday's FREE event launching the Progress Educational Trust's 'Breast Cancer: Chances, Choices and Genetics' project...
Mutants and What to Do About Them
09 February 2011 7.30pm Conway Hall, Red Lion Square, London WC1R 4RL, UK
The 2011 British Humanist Association/South Place Ethical Society Darwin Day Lecture, given by Armand Marie Leroi...
The Blind-Drunk Mutant Mouse: A Model for Schizophrenia?
19 November 2009 12midday Francis Crick Auditorium, Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
A discussion introduced by Professor Kay Davies, Head of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics at the University of Oxford...
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques...


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