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Bioethics and Society MSc at King's College London

Glossary

Mutation

A change in the sequence of DNA. Mutations occurring in genes may prevent them from working properly, which might result in disease (a genetic disorder). Mutations occur naturally at a low rate, but can also be induced by radiation and some chemicals.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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New genetic links to pancreatic cancer discovered

20 February 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

Researchers have used whole-genome sequencing to uncover new mutations responsible for a rare type of pancreatic cancer... [Read More]

BRCA testing not offered to enough high-risk patients

13 February 2017 - by Hannah Somers

A study has indicated that US doctors may not be recommending genetic testing to a sufficient number of high-risk breast cancer patients... [Read More]

Deaf mice able to hear 'whispers' after gene therapy

13 February 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

An improved gene-therapy technique using a synthetic virus has restored the hearing of deaf mice up to the level of a whisper... [Read More]

Genetic study identifies new type of muscular dystrophy

13 February 2017 - by Caroline Casey

Scientists have identified a unique form of congenital muscular dystrophy, characterised by short stature, intellectual disabilities and cataracts... [Read More]

Genetic test predicts success of bone-marrow transplant

13 February 2017 - by Emma Laycock

A new blood test can predict how well patients with myelodysplastic syndrome will respond to bone-marrow transplants... [Read More]

Over 600,000 at risk of sudden death from faulty heart gene

06 February 2017 - by Julianna Photopoulos

About 620,000 people in the UK carry a faulty heart gene that puts them at high risk of sudden death or developing coronary heart disease, the British Heart Foundation has warned... [Read More]

Smartphone DNA sequencer developed

23 January 2017 - by Kulraj Singh Bhangra

Scientists have created a smartphone microscope attachment that can image and analyse DNA sequences... [Read More]

Discussion of ethics of new IVG technique is needed, say US experts

16 January 2017 - by Annabel Slater

Three US experts say public conversation should begin now on the ethical challenges raised by a new fertility technology that could reprogram any human cell into eggs and sperm... [Read More]

Genetic fingerprint identifies aggressive prostate cancer

16 January 2017 - by Annabel Slater

Canadian scientists have identified a genetic fingerprint that indicates which prostate cancer tumours may develop into a more aggressive form of the disease after treatment... [Read More]

Podcast Review: Big Unknowns – can we stop ageing?

16 January 2017 - by Matthew Thomas

Is ageing inevitable, or can it be stopped? The Guardian Science Weekly podcast explored the latest thinking in the science of ageing... [Read More]

Gene therapy 'reverses ageing' in mice

19 December 2016 - by Sarah Gregory

Gene therapy can reverse the effects of ageing in mice, researchers claim... [Read More]

More women get tested for breast cancer genes thanks to 'Angelina Jolie effect'

19 December 2016 - by Anastassia Bolotkova

Angelina Jolie's 2013 public announcement that she has the BRCA1</i> breast cancer gene led to a 64 percent increase in women seeking genetic testing for breast cancer... [Read More]

Tumour gene tests produce conflicting results

19 December 2016 - by Isobel Steer

A study has cast doubts on the reliability of 'liquid biopsies' – blood tests that detect tumour mutations and are increasingly used to guide treatment... [Read More]

Gene-targeted therapy successful in treating 'undruggable' colon cancer

12 December 2016 - by Ayala Ochert and Ebtehal Moussa

Researchers have successfully treated a woman with colon cancer using her own immune cells to target a cancer-causing gene that had previously been considered 'undruggable'... [Read More]

Early-onset Parkinson's gene identified

05 December 2016 - by Lone Hørlyck

Researchers have identified a gene linked to early-onset Parkinson's disease... [Read More]

Expert panel approve cautious use of mitochondrial donation in the UK

05 December 2016 - by Dr Julia Hill

Scientists advising the HFEA have recommended that the technique of mitochondrial replacement therapy be approved for clinical use in the UK... [Read More]

Stress could trigger heart disease linked to mutation

28 November 2016 - by Dr Özge Özkaya

Gene variants coding for the muscle protein titin cause enlarged hearts in healthy individuals, and stress may trigger carriers to develop heart disease, according to a study... [Read More]

X chromosome may offer females protection against cancer

28 November 2016 - by Anna Leida

Having two copies of the X chromosome may help explain why females get cancer less often than males, according to new research... [Read More]

CRISPR partially restores sight in blind rats

21 November 2016 - by Paul Waldron

Scientists in the US have used a genome-editing technique to partially restore vision in blind rats... [Read More]

Second team corrects sickle-cell mutation using CRISPR

14 November 2016 - by Sarah Gregory

Researchers have had further success using the CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing technique to repair the mutation that causes sickle-cell anaemia... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

Testing, Testing 1, 2, 3: PGS and PGD
13 September 2016 6pm (registration), 6.30pm-8.30pm (discussion) Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH
The Progress Educational Trust's FREE-to-attend event about testing and screening human embryos is taking place TOMORROW EVENING - book NOW. The event will be chaired by Dr Sue Avery, with speakers including Dr Tony Gordon, Dr Christine Patch, James Lawford Davies and Professor Michael Parker...
Risk Assessment: Breast Cancer, Prediction and Screening
08 May 2014 6.30pm-8.30pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Malet Place, London WC1E 6BT
The second FREE public event in the Progress Educational Trust's 'Breast Cancer: Chances, Choices and Genetics' series...
Relative Risk: Breast Cancer and Genetics
03 April 2014 6.30pm-8.30pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Malet Place, London WC1E 6BT
LAST CHANCE to book for this coming Thursday's FREE event launching the Progress Educational Trust's 'Breast Cancer: Chances, Choices and Genetics' project...
Mutants and What to Do About Them
09 February 2011 7.30pm Conway Hall, Red Lion Square, London WC1R 4RL, UK
The 2011 British Humanist Association/South Place Ethical Society Darwin Day Lecture, given by Armand Marie Leroi...
The Blind-Drunk Mutant Mouse: A Model for Schizophrenia?
19 November 2009 12midday Francis Crick Auditorium, Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
A discussion introduced by Professor Kay Davies, Head of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics at the University of Oxford...
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques...


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