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King's College London - Health: More than a medical matter

Glossary

Mutation

A change in the sequence of chemical bases that makes up the DNA code. Mutations occur naturally at a low rate, but can also be induced by radiation and some chemicals.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Unlocking the genetics of breast cancer

07 April 2014 - by Baroness Delyth Morgan

The news of Angelina Jolie's mastectomy last year brought breast cancer genetics, risk and prevention into the international spotlight. Her decision was only possible due to the efforts of researchers, over the past twenty years and more, to identify the inherited genetic mutations... [Read More]

Relative Risk: Breast Cancer and Genetics

07 April 2014 - by Matthew Thomas

At the launch of their 'Breast Cancer: Chances, Choices and Genetics' project, a panel of experts and a lively audience grappled with the difficult topic of cancer genetics... [Read More]

BRCA1 cancer study suggests alternative to major surgery

31 March 2014 - by Dr Sarah Spain

BRCA1 mutations put carriers at high risk of cancer by failing to protect cells against the effects of high levels of oestrogen hormone found in breast and ovary tissue, researchers have established... [Read More]

Harnessing the 'Angelina effect': Improving care for people with a family history of breast cancer in the UK

31 March 2014 - by Dr Caroline Dalton

As we learn more, and as technologies develop, there are continuing challenges for the NHS to meet in providing the best possible care for people at risk of familial breast cancer... [Read More]

Scientists use DNA to predict facial features

24 March 2014 - by Chris Hardy

A new technique allows scientists to make guesses about what a person's face looks like, by examining just 20 genes in their DNA... [Read More]

Myriad's initial bid to block competitor's gene tests fails

17 March 2014 - by Patricia Cassidy

Myriad Genetics has failed to obtain a preliminary injunction to prevent a competitor, Ambry Genetics, from offering BRCA-related genetic testing products... [Read More]

Mutations identified for severe developmental disease found among Moroccan Jews

17 March 2014 - by Rachel Brown

Researchers have pinpointed two genetic mutations behind a severe developmental disease seen in children of Moroccan Jewish descent... [Read More]

Gene therapy could be 'functional cure' for HIV

10 March 2014 - by Dr Lanay Tierney

A potential HIV therapy where patients have their blood cells genetically modified to help them resist the virus is safe and promising as a treatment, say researchers after a small clinical trial... [Read More]

Gene mutation protects against type 2 diabetes

10 March 2014 - by Linda Wijlaars

A rare gene mutation lowers the risk of type 2 diabetes by almost two-thirds, an international collaboration of scientists from the US and Sweden has found... [Read More]

Event Review: Genetics and the Prospect of Personalised Medicine for Obesity

10 March 2014 - by James Heather

The media likes to push the idea that the obesity epidemic is fuelled entirely by our increasingly well-fed and sedentary lives, which makes the opportunity to hear solid evidence for the other side of the equation refreshing... [Read More]

Women with BRCA mutation 'should have ovaries removed by age 35'

03 March 2014 - by Dr Lucy Freem

Ovary removal to prevent cancer in those with BRCA1 mutations should be carried out by 35, according to research on cancer survival... [Read More]

Teenager uncovers genetics behind her own rare cancer

03 March 2014 - by Rhys Baker

A recovering teenage cancer patient is a lead author of a study into the rare form of liver cancer she contracted. The research, published in Science, identified a key mutation that may explain the uncontrolled growth of the tumour... [Read More]

Draft regulations on mitochondrial donation published

03 March 2014 - by Patricia Cassidy

The UK Department of Health has published draft guidelines for the use of new techniques to prevent mothers passing on serious mitochondrial diseases to their children. The guidelines will be the subject of a three-month consultation... [Read More]

Children of older men have greater risk of mental illness

03 March 2014 - by Barbara Czub

Children born to fathers who are 45 years old or older are more likely to develop serious mental illness than children born to fathers in their early twenties, a large-scale study comparing siblings suggests... [Read More]

Radio Review: Health Check - Would You Want to Find Out About an Inherited Genetic Condition?

24 February 2014 - by Simon Hazelwood-Smith

Genetic diagnosis of inherited diseases is now routine in the UK, with upwards of 600 different conditions tested for in NHS labs. As genetic sequencing and analysis methods become ever more effective, this figure should grow rapidly over the coming years... [Read More]

Couch potato gene found in mice, says study

24 February 2014 - by Rachel Brown

A mutation in a gene may explain why certain people exercise less and gain weight, according to a study published in PLOS Genetics... [Read More]

Womb 'entrance exam' determines whether embryos implant

17 February 2014 - by Shanya Sivakumaran

An 'entrance exam' set by the cells that line the womb can determine whether or not human embryos are able to implant into the womb's lining, according to researchers... [Read More]

Whole genome testing used to guide breast cancer treatment

10 February 2014 - by Barbara Czub

Whole genome testing has been used to guide tailored treatment against advanced breast cancer in a group of 43 patients. The scientists behind the study say their research is a step on the path towards 'personalised medicine' where individual genetic makeup informs treatment choice... [Read More]

Autoimmune diseases may stem from Neanderthal genes

03 February 2014 - by Anna Cauldwell

Genes linked with type 2 diabetes, Crohn's disease and even smoking addiction were acquired through interbreeding with Neanderthals, a study published in Nature suggests... [Read More]

Schizophrenia is genetically complex but patterns are emerging

27 January 2014 - by Chris Hardy

Genetic mutations implicated in autism and intellectual difficulties may also underlie schizophrenia, say researchers... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

 

Risk Assessment: Breast Cancer, Prediction and Screening
08 May 2014 6.30pm-8.30pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Malet Place, London WC1E 6BT
The second FREE public event in the Progress Educational Trust's 'Breast Cancer: Chances, Choices and Genetics' series... [Read More]
Relative Risk: Breast Cancer and Genetics
03 April 2014 6.30pm-8.30pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Malet Place, London WC1E 6BT
LAST CHANCE to book for this coming Thursday's FREE event launching the Progress Educational Trust's 'Breast Cancer: Chances, Choices and Genetics' project... [Read More]
Mutants and What to Do About Them
09 February 2011 7.30pm Conway Hall, Red Lion Square, London WC1R 4RL, UK
The 2011 British Humanist Association/South Place Ethical Society Darwin Day Lecture, given by Armand Marie Leroi... [Read More]
The Blind-Drunk Mutant Mouse: A Model for Schizophrenia?
19 November 2009 12midday Francis Crick Auditorium, Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
A discussion introduced by Professor Kay Davies, Head of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics at the University of Oxford... [Read More]
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques... [Read More]


Published by the Progress Educational Trust
RISK ASSESSMENT:
BREAST CANCER, PREDICTION AND SCREENING
FREE public event in central London, 6.30pm on Thursday 8 May 2014 - find out more HERE

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