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Human Clinical Embryology and Assisted Conception MSc

Glossary

Mitochondria

Energy-generating structures found in plant and animal cells. They contain a few genes, which mainly make proteins involved in energy metabolism.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Low oxygen reverses mitochondrial disease in mice

15 May 2017 - by Dr Julia Hill

Breathing air containing about half the usual percentage of oxygen can reverse mitochondrial disease in mice... [Read More]

Daily Mail misses the mark on fertility

08 May 2017 - by Professor Adam Balen

Last week the Daily Mail published an undercover investigation into certain aspects of IVF practice in the UK. Whilst this has highlighted some issues, unfortunately the meaning of published statistics has been misinterpreted and certain aspects of the investigation have been given far more weight than is just. Rather than serving the public good, this has the potential to leave vulnerable patients scared and confused.

Autism linked to grandmothers' smoking

02 May 2017 - by Annabel Slater

A higher likelihood of autism spectrum disorder and autistic traits have been linked to maternal grandmothers smoking while pregnant... [Read More]

TV Review: The Good Fight - Henceforth Known as Property

02 May 2017 - by Anthony Ryb

US spin-off legal drama 'The Good Fight' delivers a brief storyline when representing an ovarian cancer survivor whose only chance of genetic connection to a child is by gaining back custody of her previously donated eggs.

Method behind first successful mitochondrial replacement therapy revealed

03 April 2017 - by Helen Robertson

Details of the world's first successful use of mitochondrial replacement therapy in IVF have been published... [Read More]

HFEA grants first UK licence to carry out mitochondrial donation

20 March 2017 - by Georgia Everett

Doctors at Newcastle Fertility Centre have been granted the first UK licence to use mitochondrial replacement therapy as a fertility treatment to prevent the inheritance of mitochondrial disease... [Read More]

Infertile couple have baby using mitochondrial donation

23 January 2017 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

A baby has been born in the Ukraine following the use of an experimental IVF procedure known as mitochondrial donation... [Read More]

Podcast Review: Big Unknowns – can we stop ageing?

16 January 2017 - by Matthew Thomas

Is ageing inevitable, or can it be stopped? The Guardian Science Weekly podcast explored the latest thinking in the science of ageing... [Read More]

UK approves mitochondrial donation babies

19 December 2016 - by Annabel Slater

The UK has become first country in the world to formally approve the creation of IVF embryos through mitochondrial donation... [Read More]

Expert panel approve cautious use of mitochondrial donation in the UK

05 December 2016 - by Dr Julia Hill

Scientists advising the HFEA have recommended that the technique of mitochondrial replacement therapy be approved for clinical use in the UK... [Read More]

Regeneration of oocytes from discarded genetic material: will this double IVF success rates?

28 November 2016 - by Dr Philip Lewis and Professor Daniel Brison

A major factor limiting the effectiveness of IVF is the availability of high-quality egg cells from a patient. But new research suggests that the use of polar bodies might create two oocytes for the price of one... [Read More]

Lower mitochondria gene activity in brains with Alzheimer's disease

14 November 2016 - by Annabel Slater

Brain tissue from Alzheimer's disease patients shows reduced expression of nuclear genes coding for mitochondrial function... [Read More]

Therapeutic editing of the human genome – Jewish bioethical perspectives

14 November 2016 - by Dr Avi Lerner

Jewish bioethics may help to broaden the discussion of the ethical concerns that emerge from editing the human genome... [Read More]

Autism link to mutations in mitochondria

07 November 2016 - by Helen Robertson

Children with autism spectrum disorder have twice as many harmful mutations in their mitochondrial DNA as their siblings, a study has found... [Read More]

Old drugs: new eggs?

07 November 2016 - by Bethany Muller and Dr Roger Sturmey

Ten years ago, the claim that treatment with cancer drugs can 'grow new eggs' would have been met with incredulity. But a recent study has raised the possibility that ovarian stem cells may be capable of providing new eggs in later life... [Read More]

'Three-person babies' grow up into healthy teenagers

31 October 2016 - by Georgia Everett

Seventeen children conceived through ooplasmic transplantation have all matured with regular health and cognitive abilities, according to a study... [Read More]

Mitochondrial donation technique used in Ukraine, doctors claim

17 October 2016 - by Ayala Ochert

Two women in the Ukraine are pregnant with babies conceived through mitochondrial donation as a treatment for infertility, according to a report in New Scientist... [Read More]

Mitochondrial replacement therapy and the welfare of the child

17 October 2016 - by Dr Mair Crouch

The announcement of the birth of the first child conceived using mitochondrial donation was unforeseen. Nonetheless, in any country regulation should be required to protect the interests of the child... [Read More]

The Mexican mitochondrial case and moral supremacy

10 October 2016 - by Giulia Cavaliere

The announcement of the first baby born using mitochondrial spindle transfer, one of the two techniques that allow the replacement of faulty mitochondrial DNA, caught the UK scientific and bioethics community by surprise... [Read More]

World's first mitochondrial donation baby born

03 October 2016 - by Dr Julia Hill

In a world first, the birth of a baby boy who was conceived using mitochondrial donation has been reported... [Read More]

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