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Glossary

Genome

The total genetic information of an organism. A complete copy of the genome is found in most body cells.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Matching mitochondrial and nuclear DNA: Much ado about nothing?

18 July 2016 - by Dr Dusko Ilic

A match of mitochondrial and nuclear genomes apparently affects healthy ageing in mice. But key questions need to be answered before stirring up implications for human mitochondrial replacement therapies... [Read More]

New international cancer-modelling initiative announced

18 July 2016 - by Arit Udoh

A group of international scientists have announced plans to work collaboratively on a research project that aims to develop human cancer models that would better mimic the disease... [Read More]

'Silent' red hair gene increases skin cancer risk

18 July 2016 - by Ayala Ochert

Having a single copy of the 'ginger gene' may increase the risk of skin cancer, even among people who don't have red hair, according to a study... [Read More]

Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA mismatch may impact ageing

11 July 2016 - by Dr Julia Hill

The interaction between mitochondrial and nuclear DNA may have implications for health, metabolism and ageing, according to a new study... [Read More]

Video Review: What If My Neighbour's Kid Was Genetically Modified?

04 July 2016 - by Simon Hazelwood-Smith

Paul Knoepfler's TEDx talk covers familiar ground – designer babies, segregation between 'natural' and GM children, unintended side effects, playing god, and eugenics all feature in his dystopian vision of a future involving genetically modified humans... [Read More]

NIH announces genomic data sharing initiative

13 June 2016 - by Kulraj Singh Bhangra

The US National Institutes of Health has announced a new initiative that encourages the sharing of genomic and clinical data among researchers across the world... [Read More]

TV Review: Panorama – Medicine's Big Breakthrough: Editing Your Genes

13 June 2016 - by Rhys Baker

Over just 30 minutes Fergus Walsh has a lot of ground to cover here without even touching on the ethical debate. Yet, while gene editing may have 'just been made simple', how we respond to these stunning advances is anything but... [Read More]

Scientists present plan to build a human genome

06 June 2016 - by Rebecca Carr

A group of 25 scientists have proposed an ambitious plan to create a synthetic human genome from scratch... [Read More]

Scientists hold 'secret' meeting on creating synthetic human genome

23 May 2016 - by Arit Udoh

A group of scientists has been criticised for holding a high-level, behind-closed-doors meeting to discuss a project to synthesise a complete human genome within ten years... [Read More]

74 genes linked to education level, but effect is minimal

16 May 2016 - by Sophie Perry and James Brooks

One of the largest-ever genetics studies in the social sciences has found 74 genetic variants that are associated with the amount of time an individual spends in education... [Read More]

Nucleus, but no mitochondria – scientists probe weird organism

16 May 2016 - by Paul Waldron

A single-celled organism lacking mitochondria – cellular structures thought to be essential for all complex lifeforms – has been identified by scientists... [Read More]

DNA of Ice Age Europeans revealed

09 May 2016 - by Dr Özge Özkaya

A study of ancient DNA obtained from prehistoric human remains has revealed details about modern humans before farming began, going back to their arrival in Europe around 45,000 years ago... [Read More]

Book Review: Not In Your Genes - The Real Reasons Children Are Like Their Parents

03 May 2016 - by Dr Ross Cloney

Oliver James's new book shows little understanding of genetics, instead offering a media-friendly caricature of 'one gene = one trait', while focusing solely on parenting styles to explain human behaviour... [Read More]

AstraZeneca to launch its own 'two million genomes' project

25 April 2016 - by Rachel Siden

AstraZeneca has signed deals with the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and two other institutions to launch one of the largest genome-sequencing efforts yet undertaken... [Read More]

Book Review: Herding Hemingway's Cats

25 April 2016 - by Dr Indrayani Ghangrekar

Dr Kat Arney guides us through the weird and wonderful and convoluted mess that is genetics, but manages to make the complicated concepts accessible... [Read More]

Genes influence when people lose their virginity

25 April 2016 - by Lone Hørlyck

Genetic factors relating to physical maturation and personality may influence the age at which people first have sex, a study has found... [Read More]

Mitochondrial mutations could hamper stem cell therapies

25 April 2016 - by Dr Julia Hill

A study has found that stem cells from older people accumulate high numbers of mitochondrial DNA mutations, which could limit their therapeutic value... [Read More]

Individuals identified who appear 'resistant' to genetic disease

18 April 2016 - by Elie Diner

Scientists searching through nearly 600,000 genome sequences have found 13 'superhumans' who are symptom-free despite carrying mutations for severe childhood diseases... [Read More]

CRISPR can't cut it against HIV

11 April 2016 - by James Brooks

Scientists testing whether the CRISPR genome-editing technique could effectively kill HIV in infected cells have found that, while the approach works in most cases, it can also cement the virus's presence... [Read More]

Identity, disability and the genome

11 April 2016 - by Dr Felicity Boardman

My research on families living with the genetic disorder Spinal Muscular Atrophy calls into question some of the assumptions underlying the belief that genetic disease is, inherently and by its very definition, a trait to be avoided... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

Genetic Testing in the 21st Century: Should We Screen the Human Embryonic Genome before Implantation?
08 March 2011 1.15pm-1.55pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT
A presentation by Dr Joyce Harper to mark International Women's Day...
Mutants and What to Do About Them
09 February 2011 7.30pm Conway Hall, Red Lion Square, London WC1R 4RL, UK
The 2011 British Humanist Association/South Place Ethical Society Darwin Day Lecture, given by Armand Marie Leroi...
Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms...
Mapping the Genomic Era: Measurements and Meanings
07 October 2009  City Hall, Cathays Park, Cardiff CF10 3ND, UK
An event to develop debate and dialogue around current and future developments in the life sciences...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Opportunities and Challenges of Next Generation Sequencing in Public Health Microbiology
25 August 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing bioinformatics research and infectious disease technology...
Do We Need to Know Our Personal Genetic Data?
21 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion introduced by David Ewing Duncan, Director of the Centre for Life Science Policy...
Biodigital Lives: Making, Consuming and Archiving the Lives of Technoscience
14 July 2009 8.30am-6.30pm Silverstone Building, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, East Sussex BN1 9RG, UK
A workshop addressing issues of digital and biodigital life, lives and identities...
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques...


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RETHINKING THE ETHICS OF EMBRYO RESEARCH
Genome Editing, 14 Days and Beyond

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Professor David Jones

Professor Stephen Wilkinson

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