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King's College London - Health: More than a medical matter

Glossary

Gene

The basic biological unit of inheritance. Genes are made out of DNA, and most of them are coded instructions for making proteins. Other genes make molecules that control gene activity.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Gene manipulation achieves organ regeneration in live mice for first time

14 April 2014 - by Dr Lucy Freem

Turning on a single gene can regenerate the thymus in elderly mice, causing the immune system organ to double in size and make more white blood cells... [Read More]

DNA ages faster in disadvantaged boys

14 April 2014 - by Chris Baldacci

Children from poor backgrounds who have an unstable family life have shorter telomeres - the tips of chromosomes that prevent damage - according to a small study... [Read More]

Unlocking the genetics of breast cancer

07 April 2014 - by Baroness Delyth Morgan

The news of Angelina Jolie's mastectomy last year brought breast cancer genetics, risk and prevention into the international spotlight. Her decision was only possible due to the efforts of researchers, over the past twenty years and more, to identify the inherited genetic mutations... [Read More]

Relative Risk: Breast Cancer and Genetics

07 April 2014 - by Matthew Thomas

At the launch of their 'Breast Cancer: Chances, Choices and Genetics' project, a panel of experts and a lively audience grappled with the difficult topic of cancer genetics... [Read More]

Radio Review: The Life Scientific - Professor Veronica van Heyningen

07 April 2014 - by Amy Reed

In this week's episode of The Life Scientific, presenter (and physicist) Professor Jim Al-Khalili interviews the recently retired geneticist and discoverer of the PAX6 gene, Professor Veronica van Heyningen.... [Read More]

Obesity linked to genetic variation in carbohydrate digestion

07 April 2014 - by James Brooks

Obesity might not simply be a matter of overeating or heightened appetite but at least partially down to how we metabolise food, a study says... [Read More]

New genome sequencing recommendation enables patients to opt out of genetic disease testing

07 April 2014 - by Rebecca Carr

The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) has updated its position on the return of results from genome sequencing to allow patients to opt out from receiving incidental information.... [Read More]

Fetal brain gene blueprint scoured for autism clues

07 April 2014 - by Dr Naqash Raja

A map showing where different genes are turned on and off in the fetal human brain has been published in the hope it will give important clues about the origins of disorders... [Read More]

Synthetic biology moves beyond bacteria and viruses with 'man-made' yeast chromosome

31 March 2014 - by Rhys Baker

The world's first fully-functional synthetic yeast chromosome has been created in an international seven-year effort... [Read More]

Judge urges birth and genetic mothers to settle their custody battle

31 March 2014 - by Ari Haque

The UK's Court of Appeal has urged two women who were in a same sex relationship to reach an agreement over the custody of their five-year-old twins... [Read More]

Event Review: The Compatibility Gene

31 March 2014 - by Barbara Czub

Professor Daniel Davis began his lecture at the Royal Institution by introducing 'the compatibility genes', the DNA components that vary the most from person to person. Unlike many of us would expect, these genes are not responsible for features such as skin or hair colour. This engaging lecture tells their story.... [Read More]

Epigenetic blood test for children 'predicts' obesity five years later

31 March 2014 - by Dr Charlotte Warren-Gash

A DNA blood test for children aged five can help predict body fat levels when they are aged nine to 14, a small study suggests... [Read More]

Embryonic stem cell production breakthrough achieved in mice

31 March 2014 - by Dr Lanay Tierney

A technique to generate mouse embryonic stem cells could, if repeated in human cells, improve access to stem cells by using fertilised eggs that would previously have been discarded... [Read More]

BRCA1 cancer study suggests alternative to major surgery

31 March 2014 - by Dr Sarah Spain

BRCA1 mutations put carriers at high risk of cancer by failing to protect cells against the effects of high levels of oestrogen hormone found in breast and ovary tissue, researchers have established... [Read More]

Harnessing the 'Angelina effect': Improving care for people with a family history of breast cancer in the UK

31 March 2014 - by Dr Caroline Dalton

As we learn more, and as technologies develop, there are continuing challenges for the NHS to meet in providing the best possible care for people at risk of familial breast cancer... [Read More]

Scientists use DNA to predict facial features

24 March 2014 - by Chris Hardy

A new technique allows scientists to make guesses about what a person's face looks like, by examining just 20 genes in their DNA... [Read More]

'Fat gene' carriers should forgo fried foods, study finds

24 March 2014 - by Anna Cauldwell

People with genes that predispose them to excess weight and obesity are more likely to put on weight from eating fried food, a study says... [Read More]

There's a new 'fat gene' in town...

17 March 2014 - by Dr Rosie Morley

Scientists have identified a gene called IRX3 which is associated with obesity and may emerge as a serious contender as the most important 'fat gene' yet discovered... [Read More]

Myriad's initial bid to block competitor's gene tests fails

17 March 2014 - by Patricia Cassidy

Myriad Genetics has failed to obtain a preliminary injunction to prevent a competitor, Ambry Genetics, from offering BRCA-related genetic testing products... [Read More]

Mutations identified for severe developmental disease found among Moroccan Jews

17 March 2014 - by Rachel Brown

Researchers have pinpointed two genetic mutations behind a severe developmental disease seen in children of Moroccan Jewish descent... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

 

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Genetic Testing in the 21st Century: Should We Screen the Human Embryonic Genome before Implantation?
08 March 2011 1.15pm-1.55pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT
A presentation by Dr Joyce Harper to mark International Women's Day... [Read More]
Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms... [Read More]
Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity
07 October 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 4th Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity... [Read More]
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases... [Read More]
Evolution of Brain, Behaviour and Intelligence
09 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing a broad range of approaches to the evolution of brain and behaviour... [Read More]
Sleep, Body Rhythms and Psychology: Studies of Genes, Brains and Behaviour
08 September 2009 4pm-6pm Lecture Theatre L, Lecture Theatre Building, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
A discussion of the role of genes, brains and behaviour in sleep, body rhythms and psychology... [Read More]
Ancient Genes and Modern Medicine
05 September 2009 10am-4pm High Street, Guildford, Surrey, UK
A hands-on exhibition about genes that shape the early embryo and their newly discovered role in cancer... [Read More]
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago... [Read More]
Mouse Genetics and Genomics: Development and Disease
02 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 22nd Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Mouse Genetics and Genomics... [Read More]
Genetics and Identity in the Year of Homecoming
27 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion of the relationship between genetic inheritance and Scotland's national self... [Read More]
Do We Need to Know Our Personal Genetic Data?
21 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion introduced by David Ewing Duncan, Director of the Centre for Life Science Policy... [Read More]
School on Biology of Social Cognition
09 August 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing the biological underpinnings of social behaviour.... [Read More]
Building Bridges between Genes, Brains and Language
08 July 2009 7pm-8.30pm Royal Institution of Great Britain, 21 Albemarle Street, London W1S 4BS, UK
A discussion introduced by Dr Simon Fisher, Research Fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics... [Read More]
How User-Led Innovation in Bioinformatics Stands to Facilitate Civic Translational Science
01 July 2009 1pm-2.30pm Welsh e-Science Access Grid Node (Queens Building, 5 The Parade, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK) and InfoLab Access Grid Node (Room C60B, InfoLab21, South Drive, Lancaster University, Lancaster, Lancashire LA1 4WA, UK)
A seminar on civic translational science and the broader open-source revolution in biotechnology... [Read More]

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