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Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis: The Who, the What, the Why and the How

Glossary

Gene

The basic biological unit of inheritance. Genes are made out of DNA, and most of them are coded instructions for making proteins. Other genes make molecules that control gene activity.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Blood test for testicular cancer a step closer

19 June 2017 - by Meetal Solanki

Testing for certain genes could identify men with a ten-fold increased risk of testicular cancer, suggests a new study... [Read More]

Genes for insomnia discovered

19 June 2017 - by Lea Goetz

Researchers have found seven risk genes for insomnia through two large genome-wide and gene-based association studies... [Read More]

Three mutations could make bird flu more infectious to humans

19 June 2017 - by Helen Robertson

Scientists have identified three potential genetic mutations that could allow a dangerous strain of avian influenza to spread between humans... [Read More]

DNA blood test could lead to early cancer detection

12 June 2017 - by Hannah Somers

A highly-sensitive DNA blood test could help detect cancer years before tumours are detected... [Read More]

Gene therapy hope for allergies and asthma

12 June 2017 - by Dr Rachel Huddart

Life-threatening allergies and asthma could one day be treated by a single injection, say researchers who have successfully treated mice using gene therapy... [Read More]

Genes influence ability to read people's minds through their eyes

12 June 2017 - by Charlotte Spicer

Our ability to read people's thoughts and emotions through their eyes is influenced by our DNA, new research suggests... [Read More]

Promise of blood test to predict course of Huntington's disease

12 June 2017 - by Lea Goetz

Scientists have identified the first promising biomarker for Huntington's disease (HD) that could be harnessed in a simple blood test to predict disease onset and progression... [Read More]

Baby teeth suggest autism link with lead uptake in womb

05 June 2017 - by Lea Goetz

The risk of developing autism may be affected by mineral exposure in the womb, suggests a study in twins... [Read More]

Cancer-causing effect of common chemical pinpointed

05 June 2017 - by Shaoni Bhattacharya

A common chemical found in household products could increase the risk of cancer by blocking the ability of cells to fix genetic flaws which lead to the disease... [Read More]

Drinking tea alters women's epigenetics

05 June 2017 - by Cara Foley

Researchers have found that drinking tea may affect gene expression in women... [Read More]

The conceptual foundation of the right to know one's genetic origins

05 June 2017 - by Professor Vardit Ravitsky, Dr Juliet Guichon, Marie-Eve Lemoine, and Professor Michelle Giroux

In his commentary, Professor Guido Pennings argues there is no empirical evidence to support the assumption that it is in the best interests of children to know that they are donor conceived. We would like to add another layer to the critique, by focusing on the conceptual foundation underlying the right of donor-conceived people to know their genetic origins... [Read More]

Autism and smoking during pregnancy - a mitochondrial inheritance

30 May 2017 - by Professor David Skuse

In recent years, there has been an explosion in the number of children diagnosed with autism. There is seemingly one in every classroom, most of them boys; some are quiet and nerdy, others may be disruptive and aggressive. Most have normal intelligence, and can be educated in mainstream schools. Parents of such children  question why one child is affected... [Read More]

FDA gives go-ahead to first cancer drug based on genetics

30 May 2017 - by Shaoni Bhattacharya

The first cancer drug based on a specific genetic feature has been approved by the US drugs regulator... [Read More]

Forty new genes linked to intelligence in humans

30 May 2017 - by Annabel Slater

A study of almost 80,000 people has identified 40 new genes linked to intelligence... [Read More]

Genome editing used to slow cancer growth

30 May 2017 - by Annabel Slater

US scientists have delayed cancer cell growth by using genome editing to remove a protein... [Read More]

UK parents lose appeal to take sick son to US for treatment

30 May 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

The UK Court of Appeal has upheld the High Court's decision that an experimental treatment offered by a US doctor will not benefit ill baby Charlie Gard, and could cause significant pain and distress... [Read More]

Ancestry owns genetic information of customers and their relatives

22 May 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

Customers of Ancestry's consumer DNA tests may be unaware of what they have signed away, a US lawyer has suggested... [Read More]

Blood stem cells produced in the lab for the first time

22 May 2017 - by Paul Waldron

In two different studies, US scientists have succeeded in creating the stem cells which produce blood... [Read More]

Daughter wins right to sue father's doctors in confidentiality case

22 May 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

A woman whose father has Huntington’s disease has won the right to sue his doctors for negligence, for failing to tell her... [Read More]

Gene therapy heals severe bone breaks

22 May 2017 - by Marcia Costa

A new method combining stem cell and gene therapy with ultrasound and microbubbles has demonstrated an efficient way to heal severe bone fractures... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

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Genetic Testing in the 21st Century: Should We Screen the Human Embryonic Genome before Implantation?
08 March 2011 1.15pm-1.55pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT
A presentation by Dr Joyce Harper to mark International Women's Day...
Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms...
Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity
07 October 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 4th Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
Evolution of Brain, Behaviour and Intelligence
09 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing a broad range of approaches to the evolution of brain and behaviour...
Sleep, Body Rhythms and Psychology: Studies of Genes, Brains and Behaviour
08 September 2009 4pm-6pm Lecture Theatre L, Lecture Theatre Building, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
A discussion of the role of genes, brains and behaviour in sleep, body rhythms and psychology...
Ancient Genes and Modern Medicine
05 September 2009 10am-4pm High Street, Guildford, Surrey, UK
A hands-on exhibition about genes that shape the early embryo and their newly discovered role in cancer...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Mouse Genetics and Genomics: Development and Disease
02 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 22nd Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Mouse Genetics and Genomics...
Genetics and Identity in the Year of Homecoming
27 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion of the relationship between genetic inheritance and Scotland's national self...
Do We Need to Know Our Personal Genetic Data?
21 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion introduced by David Ewing Duncan, Director of the Centre for Life Science Policy...
School on Biology of Social Cognition
09 August 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing the biological underpinnings of social behaviour....
Building Bridges between Genes, Brains and Language
08 July 2009 7pm-8.30pm Royal Institution of Great Britain, 21 Albemarle Street, London W1S 4BS, UK
A discussion introduced by Dr Simon Fisher, Research Fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics...
How User-Led Innovation in Bioinformatics Stands to Facilitate Civic Translational Science
01 July 2009 1pm-2.30pm Welsh e-Science Access Grid Node (Queens Building, 5 The Parade, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK) and InfoLab Access Grid Node (Room C60B, InfoLab21, South Drive, Lancaster University, Lancaster, Lancashire LA1 4WA, UK)
A seminar on civic translational science and the broader open-source revolution in biotechnology...

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