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Glossary

Gene

The basic biological unit of inheritance. Genes are made out of DNA, and most of them are coded instructions for making proteins. Other genes make molecules that control gene activity.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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FDA advisors back gene therapy for rare inherited blindness

16 October 2017 - by Rikita Patel

The US Food Drug and Administration advisory committee has backed the use of gene therapy to treat a hereditary disease for the first time... [Read More]

Over 50 new hearing genes found

16 October 2017 - by Dr Greg Ball

Researchers have discovered 52 new genes essential for hearing in mice... [Read More]

Skin colour genes study gives evolutionary insights

16 October 2017 - by Hannah Tippett Simpson

Some dark skin tones have evolved relatively recently from paler genetic variants... [Read More]

'CRISPR-Gold' repairs muscular dystrophy gene in mouse model

09 October 2017 - by Emma Laycock

Scientists have repaired the faulty gene in a mouse model of muscular dystrophy by using gold nanoparticles to deliver the genome editing tool CRISPR-Cas9... [Read More]

Gene therapy halts fatal child brain disease

09 October 2017 - by Charlotte Spicer

A new gene therapy has halted the progression of a fatal degenerative brain disease in a small study of affected boys... [Read More]

Gene therapy restores vision in blind mice

09 October 2017 - by Dr Kimberley Bryon-Dodd

Gene therapy has restored some vision in mice blinded by retinitis pigmentosa, an inherited degenerative eye disease... [Read More]

Child brain cancer redefined as 10 different diseases

02 October 2017 - by Dr Molly Godfrey

Deadly childhood brain tumours are highly diverse and can be divided into 10 different subtypes, according to new research... [Read More]

CRISPR used to uncover new drug targets for cancer

02 October 2017 - by Rachel Reeves

New potential drug targets have been identified for cancers associated with KRAS gene mutations, which are thought to drive around 20-30 percent of all human cancers... [Read More]

Epigenetics of addiction relapse probed using rats

02 October 2017 - by Annabel Slater

Researchers have identified how the likelihood of cocaine addiction relapse is influenced by epigenetic changes in rats... [Read More]

Gene linked to schizophrenia is key in early brain development

02 October 2017 - by Charlott Repschlager

A gene associated with schizophrenia influences a critical stage of early brain development in mice... [Read More]

How should we discuss genome editing in public?

02 October 2017 - by Sandy Starr

What do patients and laypeople think and know about genome editing and its implications? What are the best ways for experts and others to discuss genome editing in public, so as to improve public understanding and avoid confusion? The Progress Educational Trust has set out to answer these questions, with its 'Basic Understanding of Genome Editing' project.... [Read More]

The UK courts remain unmoved on commercial surrogacy

02 October 2017 - by Andrew Powell

A recent case is noteworthy not only for clinical negligence lawyers but also those interested in surrogacy and the wider public policy debate in the UK... [Read More]

Call for Australia to allow mitochondrial donation techniques

25 September 2017 - by Jenny Sharpe

A campaign has been launched in Australia to overturn laws preventing couples from accessing mitochondrial donation... [Read More]

First genome editing of human embryos by UK scientists

25 September 2017 - by Paul Waldron

UK scientists have successfully edited the genome of human embryos to study the role of a gene key to the earliest stages of development... [Read More]

Gene therapy reverses multiple sclerosis in mice

25 September 2017 - by Sarah Gregory

A novel gene therapy can reverse the symptoms and progression of disease in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis... [Read More]

Older parents pass down more genetic mutations

25 September 2017 - by Dr Rosie Gilchrist

Parents pass on more new genetic mutations to their children with age, and fathers pass on more than mothers, according to a study... [Read More]

Podcast Review: The Life Scientific - Jennifer Doudna

25 September 2017 - by Rikita Patel

The new era of gene technology presents an exciting approach to treat deleterious, inherited genetic conditions. Presenter Jim Al-Khalili talks to Professor Jennifer Doudna, from her early life to her research into molecular biology, to the development of the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing system... [Read More]

Top of the Lake may sink as a procedural, but look beneath the surface

25 September 2017 - by Dr Iain Brassington

The implausibilities of this series ought not to detain us too long. For there are deep and troubling questions that the series raises. What is it to be a 'real' mother?... [Read More]

Asthma link to increased need for fertility treatment

18 September 2017 - by Dr Lanay Griessner

Women with asthma are more likely to undergo fertility treatment than those without the disease, suggests new research... [Read More]

Book Review: How to Code a Human

18 September 2017 - by Mikey Lebrett

Genomics may herald a bright future - for those who understand it. But what about those who do not? Dr Kat Arney's new book 'How to Code a Human' is a beautiful example of how complicated genetic topics can be simplified and clarified to make them understandable and enjoyable for the least-scientific of readers.... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

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Genetic Testing in the 21st Century: Should We Screen the Human Embryonic Genome before Implantation?
08 March 2011 1.15pm-1.55pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT
A presentation by Dr Joyce Harper to mark International Women's Day...
Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms...
Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity
07 October 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 4th Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
Evolution of Brain, Behaviour and Intelligence
09 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing a broad range of approaches to the evolution of brain and behaviour...
Sleep, Body Rhythms and Psychology: Studies of Genes, Brains and Behaviour
08 September 2009 4pm-6pm Lecture Theatre L, Lecture Theatre Building, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
A discussion of the role of genes, brains and behaviour in sleep, body rhythms and psychology...
Ancient Genes and Modern Medicine
05 September 2009 10am-4pm High Street, Guildford, Surrey, UK
A hands-on exhibition about genes that shape the early embryo and their newly discovered role in cancer...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Mouse Genetics and Genomics: Development and Disease
02 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 22nd Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Mouse Genetics and Genomics...
Genetics and Identity in the Year of Homecoming
27 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion of the relationship between genetic inheritance and Scotland's national self...
Do We Need to Know Our Personal Genetic Data?
21 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion introduced by David Ewing Duncan, Director of the Centre for Life Science Policy...
School on Biology of Social Cognition
09 August 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing the biological underpinnings of social behaviour....
Building Bridges between Genes, Brains and Language
08 July 2009 7pm-8.30pm Royal Institution of Great Britain, 21 Albemarle Street, London W1S 4BS, UK
A discussion introduced by Dr Simon Fisher, Research Fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics...
How User-Led Innovation in Bioinformatics Stands to Facilitate Civic Translational Science
01 July 2009 1pm-2.30pm Welsh e-Science Access Grid Node (Queens Building, 5 The Parade, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK) and InfoLab Access Grid Node (Room C60B, InfoLab21, South Drive, Lancaster University, Lancaster, Lancashire LA1 4WA, UK)
A seminar on civic translational science and the broader open-source revolution in biotechnology...

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Published by the Progress Educational Trust

CROSSING FRONTIERS

Moving the Boundaries of Human Reproduction

Public Conference
London
8 December 2017

Speakers include

Professor Azim Surani

Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz

Professor Robin Lovell-Badge

Sally Cheshire

Professor Guido Pennings

Katherine Littler

Professor Allan Pacey

Dr Sue Avery

Professor Richard Anderson

Dr Elizabeth Garner

Dr Jacques Cohen

Dr Anna Smajdor

Dr Andy Greenfield

Vivienne Parry

Dr Helen O'Neill

Dr César Palacios-González

Philippa Taylor

Fiona Fox

Sarah Norcross


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