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Glossary

Gene

The basic biological unit of inheritance. Genes are made out of DNA, and most of them are coded instructions for making proteins. Other genes make molecules that control gene activity.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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British biotech firm buys up Sardinian DNA biobank to research ageing

25 July 2016 - by Anneesa Amjad

A British biotech company has purchased a biobank containing the genetic information of almost 13,000 genealogically linked residents from the region of Ogliastre in Sardinia... [Read More]

Chinese scientists to begin first human CRISPR trial

25 July 2016 - by Rachel Siden

Chinese scientists plan to start the first-ever clinical trial of CRISPR genome-editing technology in humans – on patients with lung cancer – this August... [Read More]

Switching off rogue gene could prevent asthma

25 July 2016 - by Dr Nicola Davis

A gene involved in the muscles of the respiratory system may be the trigger for asthma, according to a study... [Read More]

The making of an Olympic athlete

25 July 2016 - by Craig Pickering

Is elite performance in sport linked to genes, training, or luck?... [Read More]

Matching mitochondrial and nuclear DNA: Much ado about nothing?

18 July 2016 - by Dr Dusko Ilic

A match of mitochondrial and nuclear genomes apparently affects healthy ageing in mice. But key questions need to be answered before stirring up implications for human mitochondrial replacement therapies... [Read More]

New international cancer-modelling initiative announced

18 July 2016 - by Arit Udoh

A group of international scientists have announced plans to work collaboratively on a research project that aims to develop human cancer models that would better mimic the disease... [Read More]

Quick and cheap DNA tests for ovarian cancer patients 'would save lives'

18 July 2016 - by Hannah Somers

Researchers have developed a new pathway for genetically testing ovarian cancer patients which they say will save both lives and money... [Read More]

'Silent' red hair gene increases skin cancer risk

18 July 2016 - by Ayala Ochert

Having a single copy of the 'ginger gene' may increase the risk of skin cancer, even among people who don't have red hair, according to a study... [Read More]

A victory for consent – but what about the welfare of the child?

11 July 2016 - by Kriss Fearon

A couple whose daughter died of cancer, leaving frozen eggs in storage, has recently won the right to have their request for export reconsidered by the HFEA. There are a number of troubling features of the case which deserve proper scrutiny... [Read More]

BRCA mutations linked to prostate and uterine cancers

11 July 2016 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

Genetic mutations on several genes including BRCA2 have been associated with prostate cancer; while in a separate study, a BRCA1 mutation has been linked to a particular form of uterine cancer... [Read More]

Eggs successfully grown from two-year-old cancer patient

11 July 2016 - by Dr Rosie Gilchrist

A two-year-old girl has become the youngest person to undergo a new technique that could preserve her fertility after chemotherapy... [Read More]

Genetic risk scores could predict Alzheimer's

11 July 2016 - by Sarah Gregory

Researchers looking at multiple genes have developed risk scores that could identify those most likely to develop Alzheimer's disease in later life... [Read More]

Judge condemns surrogacy 'market' and allows surrogate to keep baby

04 July 2016 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

A surrogate has been allowed to keep a baby after refusing to hand the child over to the intended parents after birth... [Read More]

Sperm self-destruction may lie behind maternal mitochondrial inheritance

04 July 2016 - by Dr Katie Howe

Researchers have identified a gene that, when activated, causes mitochondria inherited from sperm to be destroyed shortly after fertilisation... [Read More]

Video Review: What If My Neighbour's Kid Was Genetically Modified?

04 July 2016 - by Simon Hazelwood-Smith

Paul Knoepfler's TEDx talk covers familiar ground – designer babies, segregation between 'natural' and GM children, unintended side effects, playing god, and eugenics all feature in his dystopian vision of a future involving genetically modified humans... [Read More]

Can women put motherhood on ice?

27 June 2016 - by Dr Lucy Freem

The Progress Educational Trust held its first-ever debate in Scotland – on the subject of egg freezing – which proved a lively topic of debate... [Read More]

CRISPR cancer therapy trial gets go-ahead in US

27 June 2016 - by Rachel Reeves

The first in-human use of the genome-editing technology CRISPR has been approved by a US federal safety board... [Read More]

Genes may be active after death

27 June 2016 - by Rachel Siden

Hundreds of genes become active after death and can stay active for up to four days, according to a study... [Read More]

Osteoporosis drug touted as potential 'BRCA-blocker'

27 June 2016 - by Helen Robertson

A drug currently used to treat osteoporosis in old age may help prevent breast cancer in women with a genetic predisposition for the disease... [Read More]

Widow takes fight over frozen embryos to High Court

27 June 2016 - by Ryan Ross

The widow of a Falklands veteran is going to the High Court in an attempt to stop the couple's frozen embryos from being destroyed... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

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Genetic Testing in the 21st Century: Should We Screen the Human Embryonic Genome before Implantation?
08 March 2011 1.15pm-1.55pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT
A presentation by Dr Joyce Harper to mark International Women's Day...
Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms...
Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity
07 October 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 4th Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
Evolution of Brain, Behaviour and Intelligence
09 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing a broad range of approaches to the evolution of brain and behaviour...
Sleep, Body Rhythms and Psychology: Studies of Genes, Brains and Behaviour
08 September 2009 4pm-6pm Lecture Theatre L, Lecture Theatre Building, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
A discussion of the role of genes, brains and behaviour in sleep, body rhythms and psychology...
Ancient Genes and Modern Medicine
05 September 2009 10am-4pm High Street, Guildford, Surrey, UK
A hands-on exhibition about genes that shape the early embryo and their newly discovered role in cancer...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Mouse Genetics and Genomics: Development and Disease
02 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 22nd Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Mouse Genetics and Genomics...
Genetics and Identity in the Year of Homecoming
27 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion of the relationship between genetic inheritance and Scotland's national self...
Do We Need to Know Our Personal Genetic Data?
21 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion introduced by David Ewing Duncan, Director of the Centre for Life Science Policy...
School on Biology of Social Cognition
09 August 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing the biological underpinnings of social behaviour....
Building Bridges between Genes, Brains and Language
08 July 2009 7pm-8.30pm Royal Institution of Great Britain, 21 Albemarle Street, London W1S 4BS, UK
A discussion introduced by Dr Simon Fisher, Research Fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics...
How User-Led Innovation in Bioinformatics Stands to Facilitate Civic Translational Science
01 July 2009 1pm-2.30pm Welsh e-Science Access Grid Node (Queens Building, 5 The Parade, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK) and InfoLab Access Grid Node (Room C60B, InfoLab21, South Drive, Lancaster University, Lancaster, Lancashire LA1 4WA, UK)
A seminar on civic translational science and the broader open-source revolution in biotechnology...

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