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Glossary

Gene

The basic biological unit of inheritance. Genes are made out of DNA, and most of them are coded instructions for making proteins. Other genes make molecules that control gene activity.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Blood test could warn of return of skin cancer

11 December 2017 - by Shaoni Bhattacharya

UK scientists say they are closer to developing an 'early warning system' for the return of cancer in patients using a simple blood test... [Read More]

First trials of Huntington's drug show it could slow disease

11 December 2017 - by Martha Henriques

A breakthrough trial has successfully reduced levels of the harmful protein that causes the neurodegenerative disease Huntington's... [Read More]

Autism, genetics and epigenetics: why the lived experience matters in research

04 December 2017 - by Dr Kristien Hens and Dr Leni Van Goidsenhoven

Popular scientific publications regularly have articles with headlines suggesting that 'autism is hereditary' or that the 'risk for developing autism' is mostly caused by genetics... [Read More]

FDA okays test for many cancer-causing genes

04 December 2017 - by Theofanis Michailidis

The US Food and Drug Administration has approved a test which can detect cancer-causing mutations in 324 genes... [Read More]

Gene that protects against Alzheimer's disease found

04 December 2017 - by Ewa Zotow

Researchers have discovered a gene which may reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease... [Read More]

Snuggled babies show lasting changes to their DNA

04 December 2017 - by Sam Sherratt

Close, physical contact – or the lack of it - at an early age may lead to lasting changes to the genes, suggest researchers... [Read More]

Study gives piercing insight into earlobe genetics

04 December 2017 - by Martha Henriques

A total of 49 genes have been found to influence earlobe shape and attachment, new research has found... [Read More]

Event Review: Darwin Lecture: from gene identification to clinical benefit - the example of cystic fibrosis

27 November 2017 - by Lea Goetz

The Darwin lecture held at the UK's Royal Society of Medicine in London, and jointly organised with the Linnean Society, gives an annual look at topics in science and medicine.... [Read More]

FDA issues warning on DIY gene-therapy kits

27 November 2017 - by Theofanis Michailidis

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is taking an active stance against the use of 'do it yourself' gene therapy kits... [Read More]

FDA to speed up gene therapy and regenerative medicine approvals

20 November 2017 - by Martha Henriques

The US Food and Drug Administration has announced a fast-track review process for gene therapies and other regenerative medicine treatments... [Read More]

Gene conferring long-life identified in US Amish community

20 November 2017 - by Charlott Repschlager

A rare genetic mutation leading to longer and healthier lives has been discovered in the US Amish community... [Read More]

Genetic 'sensor' spots and kill cells with key cancer gene

20 November 2017 - by Marcia Costa

A team of scientists in Germany has developed a 'sensor' that detects mutations in the key tumour suppressor gene p53 and then kills potentially cancerous cells... [Read More]

Study uses genome editing inside patient for first time

20 November 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

A new clinical trial in California marks the first time that genome editing has been used inside the body, rather than on cells such as blood or skin which can be extracted, edited outside the body, and then replaced... [Read More]

Two couples sue fertility clinic for providing eggs with genetic abnormalities

20 November 2017 - by Nina Chohan

The New York fertility clinic Reproductive Medicine Associates is facing two lawsuits from couples whose children, conceived using donor eggs from the centre, have Fragile X syndrome... [Read More]

Sick boy gets healthy new skin with genetically-altered stem cells

13 November 2017 - by Paul Waldron

A boy with a rare skin disease has been successfully treated by replacing most of his skin with grafts of stem cells modified by gene therapy.

UK waits for law reform after genetic mother ineligible for legal parenthood

13 November 2017 - by Sean Byrne

A woman has been denied legal parenthood of her surrogate-born child because she is single, despite being the genetic mother... [Read More]

Why germline genome editing may be discriminatory

13 November 2017 - by Dr Calum MacKellar

On the 20th anniversary of the of the 1997 European Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine (Oviedo Convention), the Council of Europe Committee on Bioethics organised an international conference entitled ‘Relevance and Challenges’ last month in Strasbourg, France... [Read More]

AI test could be first screening tool for ovarian cancer

06 November 2017 - by Isobel Steer

Machine learning has been used to develop a promising screening test for ovarian cancer, a team of US-based researchers has said... [Read More]

Twenty-seven genes that suppress cancer discovered

06 November 2017 - by Julianna Photopoulos

Scientists have found 27 new tumour suppressor genes... [Read More]

US surrogate fights for own genetic baby

06 November 2017 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

A US surrogate has been united with her genetic child who she carried alongside the intended parents' embryo in an apparent case of superfetation... 

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Events using this Glossary Item

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Genetic Testing in the 21st Century: Should We Screen the Human Embryonic Genome before Implantation?
08 March 2011 1.15pm-1.55pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT
A presentation by Dr Joyce Harper to mark International Women's Day...
Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms...
Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity
07 October 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 4th Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
Evolution of Brain, Behaviour and Intelligence
09 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing a broad range of approaches to the evolution of brain and behaviour...
Sleep, Body Rhythms and Psychology: Studies of Genes, Brains and Behaviour
08 September 2009 4pm-6pm Lecture Theatre L, Lecture Theatre Building, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
A discussion of the role of genes, brains and behaviour in sleep, body rhythms and psychology...
Ancient Genes and Modern Medicine
05 September 2009 10am-4pm High Street, Guildford, Surrey, UK
A hands-on exhibition about genes that shape the early embryo and their newly discovered role in cancer...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Mouse Genetics and Genomics: Development and Disease
02 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 22nd Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Mouse Genetics and Genomics...
Genetics and Identity in the Year of Homecoming
27 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion of the relationship between genetic inheritance and Scotland's national self...
Do We Need to Know Our Personal Genetic Data?
21 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion introduced by David Ewing Duncan, Director of the Centre for Life Science Policy...
School on Biology of Social Cognition
09 August 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing the biological underpinnings of social behaviour....
Building Bridges between Genes, Brains and Language
08 July 2009 7pm-8.30pm Royal Institution of Great Britain, 21 Albemarle Street, London W1S 4BS, UK
A discussion introduced by Dr Simon Fisher, Research Fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics...
How User-Led Innovation in Bioinformatics Stands to Facilitate Civic Translational Science
01 July 2009 1pm-2.30pm Welsh e-Science Access Grid Node (Queens Building, 5 The Parade, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK) and InfoLab Access Grid Node (Room C60B, InfoLab21, South Drive, Lancaster University, Lancaster, Lancashire LA1 4WA, UK)
A seminar on civic translational science and the broader open-source revolution in biotechnology...

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Published by the Progress Educational Trust

CROSSING FRONTIERS

Public Conference
London
8 December 2017

Speakers include

Professor Azim Surani

Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz

Professor Robin Lovell-Badge

Sally Cheshire

Professor Guido Pennings

Katherine Littler

Professor Allan Pacey

Dr Sue Avery

Professor Richard Anderson

Dr Elizabeth Garner

Dr Andy Greenfield

Dr Anna Smajdor

Dr Henry Malter

Vivienne Parry

Dr Helen O'Neill

Dr César Palacios-González

Philippa Taylor

Fiona Fox

Sarah Norcross

Sandy Starr


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