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Postgraduate Certificate in Reproductive Health

Glossary

Gene

The basic biological unit of inheritance. Genes are made out of DNA, and most of them are coded instructions for making proteins. Other genes make molecules that control gene activity.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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23 new genes linked to cancer spread

16 January 2017 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

Researchers have identified 23 genes that are linked to metastasis – the spread of cancer cells to other parts of the body... [Read More]

Podcast Review: Big Unknowns – can we stop ageing?

16 January 2017 - by Matthew Thomas

Is ageing inevitable, or can it be stopped? The Guardian Science Weekly podcast explored the latest thinking in the science of ageing... [Read More]

Anti-CRISPR - an off-switch for genome editing

09 January 2017 - by Dr Özge Özkaya

Scientists have discovered a new set of proteins that can block the CRISPR/Cas9 system... [Read More]

Gene complex implicated in severe premenstrual syndrome

09 January 2017 - by Sarah Gregory

Researchers in the USA have shown that a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) may be caused by irregular gene expression, which leads to atypical responses to sex hormones... [Read More]

IVF culture medium can double the chance of success

09 January 2017 - by Annabel Slater

The type of culture media used in IVF can more than double the chance of producing healthy embryos and significantly affect chances of successful conception... [Read More]

The 14-day rule: calling time on embryo research

09 January 2017 - by Dr Valerie Shaikly

The second session of the Progress Educational Trust's annual conference 'Rethinking the Ethics of Embryo Research: Genome Editing, 14 Days and Beyond', looked at new embryo images that have potential to challenge the 14-day rule and discussed the potential benefits of extending the rule beyond the existing time limit... [Read More]

Gene therapy 'reverses ageing' in mice

19 December 2016 - by Sarah Gregory

Gene therapy can reverse the effects of ageing in mice, researchers claim... [Read More]

More women get tested for breast cancer genes thanks to 'Angelina Jolie effect'

19 December 2016 - by Anastassia Bolotkova

Angelina Jolie's 2013 public announcement that she has the BRCA1</i> breast cancer gene led to a 64 percent increase in women seeking genetic testing for breast cancer... [Read More]

Tumour gene tests produce conflicting results

19 December 2016 - by Isobel Steer

A study has cast doubts on the reliability of 'liquid biopsies' – blood tests that detect tumour mutations and are increasingly used to guide treatment... [Read More]

UK approves mitochondrial donation babies

19 December 2016 - by Annabel Slater

The UK has become first country in the world to formally approve the creation of IVF embryos through mitochondrial donation... [Read More]

Actress Sofia Vergara to be sued 'by her own embryos'

12 December 2016 - by Chee Hoe Low

Star of the US TV show 'Modern Family', Sofia Vergara, is facing a lawsuit in the state of Louisiana that lists her own frozen embryos among the plaintiffs... [Read More]

Gene-targeted therapy successful in treating 'undruggable' colon cancer

12 December 2016 - by Ayala Ochert and Ebtehal Moussa

Researchers have successfully treated a woman with colon cancer using her own immune cells to target a cancer-causing gene that had previously been considered 'undruggable'... [Read More]

Stem cell test could improve leukaemia treatment

07 December 2016 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

Researchers have developed a stem cell test that could rapidly predict how patients with acute myeloid leukaemia will respond to treatment... [Read More]

Early-onset Parkinson's gene identified

05 December 2016 - by Lone Hørlyck

Researchers have identified a gene linked to early-onset Parkinson's disease... [Read More]

Expert panel approve cautious use of mitochondrial donation in the UK

05 December 2016 - by Dr Julia Hill

Scientists advising the HFEA have recommended that the technique of mitochondrial replacement therapy be approved for clinical use in the UK... [Read More]

Gene that 'limits desire for alcohol'

05 December 2016 - by Rachel Reeves

A newly discovered gene variant seems to reduce an individual's fondness for alcohol, a study has found... [Read More]

Families with genetic diseases support genome-editing research

28 November 2016 - by Lucas Taylor

More than 75 percent of those with a genetic condition, and their family members, support the use of genome-editing technology, a survey has found... [Read More]

Regeneration of oocytes from discarded genetic material: will this double IVF success rates?

28 November 2016 - by Dr Philip Lewis and Professor Daniel Brison

A major factor limiting the effectiveness of IVF is the availability of high-quality egg cells from a patient. But new research suggests that the use of polar bodies might create two oocytes for the price of one... [Read More]

Stress could trigger heart disease linked to mutation

28 November 2016 - by Dr Özge Özkaya

Gene variants coding for the muscle protein titin cause enlarged hearts in healthy individuals, and stress may trigger carriers to develop heart disease, according to a study... [Read More]

X chromosome may offer females protection against cancer

28 November 2016 - by Anna Leida

Having two copies of the X chromosome may help explain why females get cancer less often than males, according to new research... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

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Genetic Testing in the 21st Century: Should We Screen the Human Embryonic Genome before Implantation?
08 March 2011 1.15pm-1.55pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT
A presentation by Dr Joyce Harper to mark International Women's Day...
Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms...
Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity
07 October 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 4th Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
Evolution of Brain, Behaviour and Intelligence
09 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing a broad range of approaches to the evolution of brain and behaviour...
Sleep, Body Rhythms and Psychology: Studies of Genes, Brains and Behaviour
08 September 2009 4pm-6pm Lecture Theatre L, Lecture Theatre Building, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
A discussion of the role of genes, brains and behaviour in sleep, body rhythms and psychology...
Ancient Genes and Modern Medicine
05 September 2009 10am-4pm High Street, Guildford, Surrey, UK
A hands-on exhibition about genes that shape the early embryo and their newly discovered role in cancer...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Mouse Genetics and Genomics: Development and Disease
02 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 22nd Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Mouse Genetics and Genomics...
Genetics and Identity in the Year of Homecoming
27 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion of the relationship between genetic inheritance and Scotland's national self...
Do We Need to Know Our Personal Genetic Data?
21 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion introduced by David Ewing Duncan, Director of the Centre for Life Science Policy...
School on Biology of Social Cognition
09 August 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing the biological underpinnings of social behaviour....
Building Bridges between Genes, Brains and Language
08 July 2009 7pm-8.30pm Royal Institution of Great Britain, 21 Albemarle Street, London W1S 4BS, UK
A discussion introduced by Dr Simon Fisher, Research Fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics...
How User-Led Innovation in Bioinformatics Stands to Facilitate Civic Translational Science
01 July 2009 1pm-2.30pm Welsh e-Science Access Grid Node (Queens Building, 5 The Parade, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK) and InfoLab Access Grid Node (Room C60B, InfoLab21, South Drive, Lancaster University, Lancaster, Lancashire LA1 4WA, UK)
A seminar on civic translational science and the broader open-source revolution in biotechnology...

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