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Human Clinical Embryology and Assisted Conception MSc

Glossary

Gene

The basic biological unit of inheritance. Genes are made out of DNA, and most of them are coded instructions for making proteins. Other genes make molecules that control gene activity.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Scientists pick out nose genes

23 May 2016 - by Amina Yonis

Researchers have discovered four genes that play a part in determining the shape of people's noses... [Read More]

74 genes linked to education level, but effect is minimal

16 May 2016 - by Sophie Perry and James Brooks

One of the largest-ever genetics studies in the social sciences has found 74 genetic variants that are associated with the amount of time an individual spends in education... [Read More]

CRISPR boosts cheap Zika test

16 May 2016 - by Sarah Gregory

Researchers have developed a quick and cheap 'paper-based' test that uses CRISPR to detect the Zika virus... [Read More]

Culturing a human embryo for 14 days – what have we learned?

16 May 2016 - by Dr Helen O'Neill

Species-specific differences in terms of developmental timing and molecular expression patterns have restricted our true understanding of early human development... [Read More]

Nucleus, but no mitochondria – scientists probe weird organism

16 May 2016 - by Paul Waldron

A single-celled organism lacking mitochondria – cellular structures thought to be essential for all complex lifeforms – has been identified by scientists... [Read More]

Protein may help embryos stick to uterus

16 May 2016 - by Dr Jane Currie

Researchers have identified a protein that may help developing embryos stick to the uterus... [Read More]

Five new risk genes unearthed in breast cancer DNA trawl

09 May 2016 - by Hannah Somers

What researchers claim as the largest-ever whole-genome sequencing study in breast cancer has revealed five previously unidentified genes which drive the development of the disease... [Read More]

Human embryos grown in lab for 13 days – longest time ever

09 May 2016 - by Julianna Photopoulos

Scientists from the UK and US have grown human embryos in the lab for 13 days after fertilisation – the longest ever recorded. This is beyond the stage when embryos would normally implant in the womb, but just before the 14-day legal limit in the UK... [Read More]

Lab in a lunch box

09 May 2016 - by Craig Macpherson

The development of a portable DNA laboratory for professionals and enthusiasts raises questions about how regulations can possibly protect consumers in this rapidly developing field... [Read More]

No benefit from expanding cancer-risk gene test beyond the essentials

09 May 2016 - by Rachel Siden

Adding more genes to existing multi-gene panels that test for breast and ovarian cancer risk offers little clinical benefit, a study says... [Read More]

Book Review: Not In Your Genes - The Real Reasons Children Are Like Their Parents

03 May 2016 - by Dr Ross Cloney

Oliver James's new book shows little understanding of genetics, instead offering a media-friendly caricature of 'one gene = one trait', while focusing solely on parenting styles to explain human behaviour... [Read More]

Gene therapy reverses inherited blindness

03 May 2016 - by Sarah Gregory

A trial of gene therapy for choroideremia, a rare form of inherited blindness, has partially restored the vision of several patients... [Read More]

How personal genomics spells the end of donor anonymity

03 May 2016 - by Professor Joyce Harper, Debbie Kennett and Dr Dan Reisel

With the rise of consumer genetic testing, it is now possible for people to accidentally discover that they were conceived using donor eggs or sperm and for donors who thought they were anonymous to be traced by their offspring... [Read More]

Spanish lab creates human sperm precursors from skin cells

03 May 2016 - by Ayala Ochert

Spanish scientists say they have created rudimentary sperm-like cells from skin and bone marrow cells taken from adult males... [Read More]

Study links gene to skin ageing

03 May 2016 - by Isobel Steer

Scientists say they have identified a gene that could explain why some people appear to look younger than they are... [Read More]

Two genes linked to higher chance of having twins

03 May 2016 - by Anneesa Amjad

A study has identified two gene variants that increase the likelihood of a woman having twins and could explain why twins appears to run in families... [Read More]

Genes influence when people lose their virginity

25 April 2016 - by Lone Hørlyck

Genetic factors relating to physical maturation and personality may influence the age at which people first have sex, a study has found... [Read More]

No duty to inform non-patients of genetic test results

25 April 2016 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

A UK court has struck out a claim brought against a hospital for failing to diagnose a genetic disorder when testing the claimants' second cousin three years previously... [Read More]

UK court allows post-mortem DNA testing to establish paternity

25 April 2016 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

A UK court has allowed the DNA of a deceased man to be tested for the purposes of establishing paternity and to also confirm family medical history... [Read More]

Abnormal fetuses are highly unlikely to heal themselves

18 April 2016 - by Professor Caroline Ogilvie

Press coverage of a recent study on mouse embryos speculates that termination of human pregnancies diagnosed with aneuploidy (a family of conditions including Down's syndrome) at prenatal diagnosis could be unnecessary, due to the ability of the fetus to 'heal itself'. In fact, the paper's findings are not relevant to aneuploidy detected at prenatal diagnosis... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

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Genetic Testing in the 21st Century: Should We Screen the Human Embryonic Genome before Implantation?
08 March 2011 1.15pm-1.55pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT
A presentation by Dr Joyce Harper to mark International Women's Day...
Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms...
Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity
07 October 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 4th Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
Evolution of Brain, Behaviour and Intelligence
09 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing a broad range of approaches to the evolution of brain and behaviour...
Sleep, Body Rhythms and Psychology: Studies of Genes, Brains and Behaviour
08 September 2009 4pm-6pm Lecture Theatre L, Lecture Theatre Building, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
A discussion of the role of genes, brains and behaviour in sleep, body rhythms and psychology...
Ancient Genes and Modern Medicine
05 September 2009 10am-4pm High Street, Guildford, Surrey, UK
A hands-on exhibition about genes that shape the early embryo and their newly discovered role in cancer...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Mouse Genetics and Genomics: Development and Disease
02 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 22nd Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Mouse Genetics and Genomics...
Genetics and Identity in the Year of Homecoming
27 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion of the relationship between genetic inheritance and Scotland's national self...
Do We Need to Know Our Personal Genetic Data?
21 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion introduced by David Ewing Duncan, Director of the Centre for Life Science Policy...
School on Biology of Social Cognition
09 August 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing the biological underpinnings of social behaviour....
Building Bridges between Genes, Brains and Language
08 July 2009 7pm-8.30pm Royal Institution of Great Britain, 21 Albemarle Street, London W1S 4BS, UK
A discussion introduced by Dr Simon Fisher, Research Fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics...
How User-Led Innovation in Bioinformatics Stands to Facilitate Civic Translational Science
01 July 2009 1pm-2.30pm Welsh e-Science Access Grid Node (Queens Building, 5 The Parade, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK) and InfoLab Access Grid Node (Room C60B, InfoLab21, South Drive, Lancaster University, Lancaster, Lancashire LA1 4WA, UK)
A seminar on civic translational science and the broader open-source revolution in biotechnology...

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