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Glossary

Gene

The basic biological unit of inheritance. Genes are made out of DNA, and most of them are coded instructions for making proteins. Other genes make molecules that control gene activity.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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GIANT makes short work of height gene discovery

27 February 2017 - by Professor Darren Griffin

A recent large-scale study that discovered 83 rare genes related to human height reveals the power of so-called genome-wide association studies... [Read More]

Baldness linked to over 280 genes

20 February 2017 - by Emma Laycock

A new study has found over 280 genes associated with male-pattern baldness... [Read More]

Eight percent of tiredness linked to genes

20 February 2017 - by Dr Rosie Gilchrist

A UK Biobank study has found that genetics accounts for eight percent of the difference in people's feelings of tiredness and low energy... [Read More]

Gene for 'fullness' identified

20 February 2017 - by Caroline Casey

Researchers have identified a gene in roundworms that is involved in the feeling of fullness and the need to sleep after a meal... [Read More]

Major US report supports human genome editing

20 February 2017 - by Dr Rachel Huddart

An influential advisory group has given cautious support to the idea of making heritable changes to the human genome in order to treat or prevent disease... [Read More]

New genetic links to pancreatic cancer discovered

20 February 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

Researchers have used whole-genome sequencing to uncover new mutations responsible for a rare type of pancreatic cancer... [Read More]

First human trial of gene therapy for Fabry disease

17 February 2017 - by Dr Molly Godfrey

A Canadian man with Fabry disease – a rare, inherited enzyme deficiency – is the first person to be given gene therapy for the condition... [Read More]

BRCA testing not offered to enough high-risk patients

13 February 2017 - by Hannah Somers

A study has indicated that US doctors may not be recommending genetic testing to a sufficient number of high-risk breast cancer patients... [Read More]

Deaf mice able to hear 'whispers' after gene therapy

13 February 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

An improved gene-therapy technique using a synthetic virus has restored the hearing of deaf mice up to the level of a whisper... [Read More]

Genetic study identifies new type of muscular dystrophy

13 February 2017 - by Caroline Casey

Scientists have identified a unique form of congenital muscular dystrophy, characterised by short stature, intellectual disabilities and cataracts... [Read More]

Genetic test predicts success of bone-marrow transplant

13 February 2017 - by Emma Laycock

A new blood test can predict how well patients with myelodysplastic syndrome will respond to bone-marrow transplants... [Read More]

Twins but legal strangers: paradoxical but could we have expected more?

13 February 2017 - by Dr Alice Margaria

It is not the first time that a court has been called to rule on the recognition of family ties established between a male couple and their twins born from surrogacy abroad. But the recent ruling of the Court of Appeal of Milan has attracted particular interest because of its absurd consequences... [Read More]

83 rare genes influence height, says GIANT

06 February 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

A large international study has uncovered 83 rare genetic variants that can significantly affect a person's height... [Read More]

Gene therapy improves hearing in deaf mice

06 February 2017 - by Caroline Casey

A novel gene therapy technique has partially restored hearing and balance in deaf mice... [Read More]

Over 600,000 at risk of sudden death from faulty heart gene

06 February 2017 - by Julianna Photopoulos

About 620,000 people in the UK carry a faulty heart gene that puts them at high risk of sudden death or developing coronary heart disease, the British Heart Foundation has warned... [Read More]

Genome editing successfully treats leukaemia

25 January 2017 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

Doctors at London's Great Ormond Street Hospital have used genome editing to successfully treat two children with leukaemia... [Read More]

'Education genes' linked to lower fertility are declining

23 January 2017 - by Rachel Reeves

Genes linked to attaining higher levels of education are declining... [Read More]

Stem cells reprogrammed to resemble fertilised eggs

23 January 2017 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

Researchers have successfully turned stem cells into 'totipotent' cells, with characteristics resembling those of fertilised eggs... [Read More]

23 new genes linked to cancer spread

16 January 2017 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

Researchers have identified 23 genes that are linked to metastasis – the spread of cancer cells to other parts of the body... [Read More]

Genetic fingerprint identifies aggressive prostate cancer

16 January 2017 - by Annabel Slater

Canadian scientists have identified a genetic fingerprint that indicates which prostate cancer tumours may develop into a more aggressive form of the disease after treatment... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

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Genetic Testing in the 21st Century: Should We Screen the Human Embryonic Genome before Implantation?
08 March 2011 1.15pm-1.55pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT
A presentation by Dr Joyce Harper to mark International Women's Day...
Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms...
Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity
07 October 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 4th Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
Evolution of Brain, Behaviour and Intelligence
09 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing a broad range of approaches to the evolution of brain and behaviour...
Sleep, Body Rhythms and Psychology: Studies of Genes, Brains and Behaviour
08 September 2009 4pm-6pm Lecture Theatre L, Lecture Theatre Building, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
A discussion of the role of genes, brains and behaviour in sleep, body rhythms and psychology...
Ancient Genes and Modern Medicine
05 September 2009 10am-4pm High Street, Guildford, Surrey, UK
A hands-on exhibition about genes that shape the early embryo and their newly discovered role in cancer...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Mouse Genetics and Genomics: Development and Disease
02 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 22nd Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Mouse Genetics and Genomics...
Genetics and Identity in the Year of Homecoming
27 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion of the relationship between genetic inheritance and Scotland's national self...
Do We Need to Know Our Personal Genetic Data?
21 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion introduced by David Ewing Duncan, Director of the Centre for Life Science Policy...
School on Biology of Social Cognition
09 August 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing the biological underpinnings of social behaviour....
Building Bridges between Genes, Brains and Language
08 July 2009 7pm-8.30pm Royal Institution of Great Britain, 21 Albemarle Street, London W1S 4BS, UK
A discussion introduced by Dr Simon Fisher, Research Fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics...
How User-Led Innovation in Bioinformatics Stands to Facilitate Civic Translational Science
01 July 2009 1pm-2.30pm Welsh e-Science Access Grid Node (Queens Building, 5 The Parade, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK) and InfoLab Access Grid Node (Room C60B, InfoLab21, South Drive, Lancaster University, Lancaster, Lancashire LA1 4WA, UK)
A seminar on civic translational science and the broader open-source revolution in biotechnology...

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