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Glossary

Gene

The basic biological unit of inheritance. Genes are made out of DNA, and most of them are coded instructions for making proteins. Other genes make molecules that control gene activity.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Existing drugs could benefit one in five breast cancer patients

20 March 2017 - by Dr Molly Godfrey

A genetic study of breast cancer patients suggests that existing drugs for treating rare breast and ovarian cancers may help more patients than previously thought... [Read More]

Gene variants for accelerated brain ageing discovered

20 March 2017 - by Dr Julia Hill

Two common variants of TMEM106B and progranulin (GRN) genes have been discovered to accelerate normal brain ageing... [Read More]

18 new genes linked to autism

13 March 2017 - by Jenny Sharpe

A study that sequenced the whole genomes of over 5000 people has discovered 18 genes associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)... [Read More]

First genome editing of normal human embryos

13 March 2017 - by Dr Katie Howe

Chinese scientists have successfully used genome editing to correct mutations in viable human embryos for the first time... [Read More]

Red-hair gene link to Parkinson's

13 March 2017 - by Lone Hørlyck

A gene variant resulting in red hair and fair skin, already known to increase the risk of melanoma, may also predispose carriers to the development of Parkinson's disease, a recent study conducted in mice has found... [Read More]

The craftsmanship of mimicking embryogenesis in a dish

13 March 2017 - by Dr Dusko Ilic

The regulatory mechanisms governing organ development are, in general, poorly defined. To recreate the complex processes involved in organ growth and maturation, scientists have started fiddling with three-dimensional (3D) cell culture... [Read More]

Autism linked to cognitive genes

06 March 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

Researchers have discovered that genetic variants associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) also correlate with higher intelligence... [Read More]

Donor anonymity comes to an end in Victoria, Australia

06 March 2017 - by Rikita Patel

People conceived using donor eggs or sperm now have a legal right to identifiable information about their biological parents in Victoria, Australia... [Read More]

Ethics report on non-invasive prenatal testing raises questions of its own

06 March 2017 - by Nick Meade

The Nuffield Council of Bioethics' new report on non-invasive prenatal testing is unnecessarily negative and encroaches on women's reproductive choices... [Read More]

Podcast Review: Naked Genetics – Testing, testing

06 March 2017 - by Matthew Thomas

Dr Kat Arney leads a fascinating and wide-ranging discussion of genetic testing – from testing for cancer genes to whether your child's DNA can predict their future sporting ability... [Read More]

Remission in one-third of terminal lymphoma patients after gene therapy

06 March 2017 - by Annabel Slater

A trial gene therapy has reversed terminal blood cancer in a third of patients... [Read More]

Sickle cell reversed with gene therapy in teenager

06 March 2017 - by Ayala Ochert

A teenage boy in France appears to have been cured of sickle cell disease using a gene therapy. He has been free of all signs of the disease for 15 months... [Read More]

Book Review: Introducing Epigenetics - A Graphic Guide

27 February 2017 - by Annabel Slater

'Introducing Epigenetics: A graphic guide' is a mini-textbook pitched as a non-fiction comic book. Despite the colourful cover and perky graphics inside, this book does not make for light reading... [Read More]

'Later-life' genes activated during stress

27 February 2017 - by Emma Laycock

Researchers have found a set of bodyclock-controlled genes that activate in later life and times of intense stress to protect the body... [Read More]

Neanderthal genes control human gene expression

27 February 2017 - by Annabel Slater and Ari Haque

Neanderthal DNA is still involved in controlling a range of traits in modern humans... [Read More]

Regulating the donor-conception industry in the US

27 February 2017 - by Wendy Kramer

In the US, the donor-conception industry is largely unregulated, and there is wide variation in egg- and sperm-bank policies and procedures. Problems often arise as a result of lack of consistency around medical testing, health history follow-up, sharing and updating medical information, openness and transparency, and record-keeping and communication... [Read More]

Baldness linked to over 280 genes

20 February 2017 - by Emma Laycock

A new study has found over 280 genes associated with male-pattern baldness... [Read More]

Eight percent of tiredness linked to genes

20 February 2017 - by Dr Rosie Gilchrist

A UK Biobank study has found that genetics accounts for eight percent of the difference in people's feelings of tiredness and low energy... [Read More]

Gene for 'fullness' identified

20 February 2017 - by Caroline Casey

Researchers have identified a gene in roundworms that is involved in the feeling of fullness and the need to sleep after a meal... [Read More]

GIANT makes short work of height gene discovery

20 February 2017 - by Professor Darren Griffin

A recent large-scale study that discovered 83 rare genes related to human height reveals the power of so-called genome-wide association studies... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

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Genetic Testing in the 21st Century: Should We Screen the Human Embryonic Genome before Implantation?
08 March 2011 1.15pm-1.55pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT
A presentation by Dr Joyce Harper to mark International Women's Day...
Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms...
Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity
07 October 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 4th Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
Evolution of Brain, Behaviour and Intelligence
09 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing a broad range of approaches to the evolution of brain and behaviour...
Sleep, Body Rhythms and Psychology: Studies of Genes, Brains and Behaviour
08 September 2009 4pm-6pm Lecture Theatre L, Lecture Theatre Building, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
A discussion of the role of genes, brains and behaviour in sleep, body rhythms and psychology...
Ancient Genes and Modern Medicine
05 September 2009 10am-4pm High Street, Guildford, Surrey, UK
A hands-on exhibition about genes that shape the early embryo and their newly discovered role in cancer...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Mouse Genetics and Genomics: Development and Disease
02 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 22nd Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Mouse Genetics and Genomics...
Genetics and Identity in the Year of Homecoming
27 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion of the relationship between genetic inheritance and Scotland's national self...
Do We Need to Know Our Personal Genetic Data?
21 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion introduced by David Ewing Duncan, Director of the Centre for Life Science Policy...
School on Biology of Social Cognition
09 August 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing the biological underpinnings of social behaviour....
Building Bridges between Genes, Brains and Language
08 July 2009 7pm-8.30pm Royal Institution of Great Britain, 21 Albemarle Street, London W1S 4BS, UK
A discussion introduced by Dr Simon Fisher, Research Fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics...
How User-Led Innovation in Bioinformatics Stands to Facilitate Civic Translational Science
01 July 2009 1pm-2.30pm Welsh e-Science Access Grid Node (Queens Building, 5 The Parade, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK) and InfoLab Access Grid Node (Room C60B, InfoLab21, South Drive, Lancaster University, Lancaster, Lancashire LA1 4WA, UK)
A seminar on civic translational science and the broader open-source revolution in biotechnology...

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