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Glossary

Gene

The basic biological unit of inheritance. Genes are made out of DNA, and most of them are coded instructions for making proteins. Other genes make molecules that control gene activity.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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The Mexican mitochondrial fiasco

28 September 2016 - by César Palacios González

Dr John Zhang's team have opened a new door in terms of reproductive possibilities, but they may very well be instrumental in closing the assisted reproductive door for many people in Mexico... [Read More]

Gene therapy could prevent breast cancer from spreading

26 September 2016 - by Ebtehal Moussa

A new gene therapy technique using microRNAs has successfully prevented the spread of breast cancer in mice... [Read More]

National gene bank opens in China

26 September 2016 - by Ayala Ochert

China has opened a national gene bank that could ultimately be the world's biggest, eventually housing 300 million genetic samples... [Read More]

Obesity gene is no barrier to weight loss

26 September 2016 - by Hannah Somers

People carrying a gene variant linked to weight gain can benefit from weight-loss programmes just as much as those without it, research from Newcastle University has shown... [Read More]

Smoking can leave epigenetic changes on DNA for 30 years

26 September 2016 - by Dr Ashley Cartwright

Research has found that smoking can leave long-lasting epigenetic changes on the genome... [Read More]

Radio Review: Personalised Medicine – Dose by Design

19 September 2016 - by Rhys Baker

Personalised Medicine. A promise of medical treatment tailored to the individual. A promise that has been decades in the delivery. But now, as such treatment appears to be within reach, will the dream be dashed by bureaucracy, inertia and funding crises?... [Read More]

Book Review: The Gene – An Intimate History

12 September 2016 - by Sarah Gregory

'The Gene: An Intimate History' is the latest book from Pulitzer Prize-winning author Siddhartha Mukherjee. Taking a similar approach to his previous work 'The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer', Mukherjee interweaves his personal history with a comprehensive and extensive review of the history of genetic research... [Read More]

CRISPR shrinks tumours in mice

12 September 2016 - by Dr Özge Özkaya

Scientists from China have managed to shrink the size of tumours in mice using CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing technology... [Read More]

Study brings sickle-cell gene therapy one step closer

12 September 2016 - by Dr Nicoletta Charolidi

A genetically engineered virus that triggers the production of an alternative form of haemoglobin has reversed the symptoms of sickle cell disease in mice... [Read More]

Alcoholism linked to impulse-control enzyme in brain

05 September 2016 - by Lone Hørlyck

A recent study has identified lower levels of an enzyme related to impulse control in the brain during alcohol dependence... [Read More]

Fourteen genes predict cancer response to therapy

05 September 2016 - by Meetal Solanki

A major study into cancer has uncovered fourteen genes which could predict how a patient will respond to tumour treatments, particularly chemotherapy and radiation... [Read More]

One-fifth of genomics papers flawed due to Microsoft Excel

05 September 2016 - by Rikita Patel

Around one-fifth of scientific papers involving genomic data contain errors caused by the default settings in Microsoft Excel, according to a study... [Read More]

TV Review: My Amazing Twin

05 September 2016 - by Isobel Steer

My Amazing Twin offers a thought-provoking look at both the scientific and the personal side of type 1 neurofibromatosis... [Read More]

US sperm donor admits he misled sperm bank

05 September 2016 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

A US man who fathered more than 30 children by sperm donation has reportedly admitted that he lied about his background to a sperm bank, which is currently being sued by the parents of one of the children conceived with his sperm... [Read More]

New gene influencing caffeine consumption discovered

30 August 2016 - by Purvi Shah

Scientists have identified a gene variation that could influence the amount of caffeine a person consumes.... [Read More]

Exome project reveals 3230 disease genes

22 August 2016 - by Dr Barbara Kramarz

More than 3230 genes with the propensity to cause disease have been identified in an analysis of the largest exome dataset yet... [Read More]

Mitochondrial donation case study finally published after 13 years

22 August 2016 - by Dr Özge Özkaya

Chinese researchers say an IVF technique called pronuclear transfer can safely produce a viable pregnancy... [Read More]

Two genes linked to breast cancer survival

22 August 2016 - by Ebtehal Moussa

Researchers in the UK have discovered two key genes capable of predicting 10-year disease-specific survival outcomes in breast cancer patients... [Read More]

Book Review: The End of Sex and the Future of Human Reproduction

15 August 2016 - by Dr Peter D Sozou

This book makes a startling prediction – within the next 20 to 40 years, most people with access to good healthcare will no longer have sex to conceive their children. Instead, parents will simply provide a few skin cells as the raw material for production of embryos... [Read More]

Blurred boundaries – the language of DNA

08 August 2016 - by Professor Marcus Pembrey

The general public have appropriated the term DNA to mean much more than just the molecule itself. This may not be a problem most of the time but, in the case of donor eggs and sperm in particular, it's important that people are clear on what genetics and epigenetics really tell us... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

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Genetic Testing in the 21st Century: Should We Screen the Human Embryonic Genome before Implantation?
08 March 2011 1.15pm-1.55pm Darwin Lecture Theatre, Darwin Building, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT
A presentation by Dr Joyce Harper to mark International Women's Day...
Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms...
Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity
07 October 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 4th Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Integrative Approaches to Brain Complexity...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
Evolution of Brain, Behaviour and Intelligence
09 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing a broad range of approaches to the evolution of brain and behaviour...
Sleep, Body Rhythms and Psychology: Studies of Genes, Brains and Behaviour
08 September 2009 4pm-6pm Lecture Theatre L, Lecture Theatre Building, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
A discussion of the role of genes, brains and behaviour in sleep, body rhythms and psychology...
Ancient Genes and Modern Medicine
05 September 2009 10am-4pm High Street, Guildford, Surrey, UK
A hands-on exhibition about genes that shape the early embryo and their newly discovered role in cancer...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Mouse Genetics and Genomics: Development and Disease
02 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 22nd Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Mouse Genetics and Genomics...
Genetics and Identity in the Year of Homecoming
27 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion of the relationship between genetic inheritance and Scotland's national self...
Do We Need to Know Our Personal Genetic Data?
21 August 2009 7pm-8.15pm Highland Park Spiegeltent, Charlotte Square Gardens. Charlotte Square, Edinburgh EH2 4DR, UK
A discussion introduced by David Ewing Duncan, Director of the Centre for Life Science Policy...
School on Biology of Social Cognition
09 August 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing the biological underpinnings of social behaviour....
Building Bridges between Genes, Brains and Language
08 July 2009 7pm-8.30pm Royal Institution of Great Britain, 21 Albemarle Street, London W1S 4BS, UK
A discussion introduced by Dr Simon Fisher, Research Fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics...
How User-Led Innovation in Bioinformatics Stands to Facilitate Civic Translational Science
01 July 2009 1pm-2.30pm Welsh e-Science Access Grid Node (Queens Building, 5 The Parade, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK) and InfoLab Access Grid Node (Room C60B, InfoLab21, South Drive, Lancaster University, Lancaster, Lancashire LA1 4WA, UK)
A seminar on civic translational science and the broader open-source revolution in biotechnology...

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Published by the Progress Educational Trust
FROZEN ASSETS?
Preserving Sperm, Eggs and Embryos

FREE event
Edinburgh
25 October 2016

BOOK HERE


RETHINKING THE ETHICS OF EMBRYO RESEARCH
Genome Editing, 14 Days and Beyond

Public Conference
London
7 December 2016

Speakers include

Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz

Dr Kathy Niakan

Professor Sir Ian Wilmut

Lord George Carey

Baroness Mary Warnock

Dr Simon Fishel

Professor Bruce Whitelaw

Professor Alison Murdoch

Professor David Jones

Professor Sarah Franklin

Professor Stephen Wilkinson

BOOK HERE

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