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Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis: The Who, the What, the Why and the How

Glossary

Fetus

The unborn offspring of a mammal. In humans, this stage of development lasts from nine weeks after fertilisation until birth.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Six genes linked to premature birth

11 September 2017 - by Georgia Everett

Six key genes have been identified in the largest study of premature birth to date... [Read More]

Screen all chromosomes in prenatal embryo testing, says study

04 September 2017 - by Dr Rachel Huddart

Current prenatal chromosome screening tests could miss rare chromosomal abnormalities and lead to inaccurate results... [Read More]

Pig organ transplants a step closer as CRISPR removes viruses

14 August 2017 - by Cara Foley

Ancient viral genes have been eliminated from pigs using the genome editing tool CRISPR, according to research... [Read More]

Preeclampsia risk linked to DNA of baby, not mother

26 June 2017 - by Dr Linda Wijlaars

Preeclampsia – a dangerous rise in blood pressure in pregnant women – has been linked to a genetic variant found in the baby, instead of the mother... [Read More]

Fetal immune system is active, not immature

19 June 2017 - by Cara Foley

The fetal immune system is more mature in the second trimester than previously thought, which could assist research into diseases, miscarriage and immune tolerance, researchers say... [Read More]

Fetuses prefer to gaze at face-like shapes

12 June 2017 - by Cara Foley

Fetuses in the late stages of pregnancy move their heads towards shapes that resemble faces, suggesting that the ability to recognise faces may be innate... [Read More]

Autism and smoking during pregnancy - a mitochondrial inheritance

30 May 2017 - by Professor David Skuse

In recent years, there has been an explosion in the number of children diagnosed with autism. There is seemingly one in every classroom, most of them boys; some are quiet and nerdy, others may be disruptive and aggressive. Most have normal intelligence, and can be educated in mainstream schools. Parents of such children  question why one child is affected... [Read More]

First scans from baby brain project released

15 May 2017 - by Dr Marianne Kennedy

The first batch of baby brain scans was released last week by a landmark UK project to map how the human brain develops in unprecedented detail... [Read More]

Artificial womb sustains premature lambs

02 May 2017 - by Dr Rosie Gilchrist

Researchers have kept premature lambs alive for several weeks using a 'biobag' designed to mimic the conditions of a womb... [Read More]

HFEA grants first UK licence to carry out mitochondrial donation

20 March 2017 - by Georgia Everett

Doctors at Newcastle Fertility Centre have been granted the first UK licence to use mitochondrial replacement therapy as a fertility treatment to prevent the inheritance of mitochondrial disease... [Read More]

Video Review: The God Cells – A Fetal Stem Cell Journey

20 March 2017 - by Caroline Casey

The story of fetal-derived stem cells is explored in this documentary, from the ethics of how they're sourced and the clinical benefits some say they offer, to the barriers to licencing and their wider use... [Read More]

The craftsmanship of mimicking embryogenesis in a dish

13 March 2017 - by Dr Dusko Ilic

The regulatory mechanisms governing organ development are, in general, poorly defined. To recreate the complex processes involved in organ growth and maturation, scientists have started fiddling with three-dimensional (3D) cell culture... [Read More]

Artificial mouse embryo created out of stem cells

06 March 2017 - by Anna Leida

Stem cells from an adult mouse have been used to grow a structure resembling a mouse embryo in vitro for the first time... [Read More]

Ethics report on non-invasive prenatal testing raises questions of its own

06 March 2017 - by Nick Meade

The Nuffield Council of Bioethics' new report on non-invasive prenatal testing is unnecessarily negative and encroaches on women's reproductive choices... [Read More]

Podcast Review: Naked Genetics – Testing, testing

06 March 2017 - by Matthew Thomas

Dr Kat Arney leads a fascinating and wide-ranging discussion of genetic testing – from testing for cancer genes to whether your child's DNA can predict their future sporting ability... [Read More]

Use of prenatal tests 'must be limited', say bioethicists

06 March 2017 - by Emma Laycock

The Nuffield Council on Bioethics has called for a ban on using early prenatal testing to find out the sex or sequence the whole genome of the fetus... [Read More]

Zika shrinks mice testicles and lowers fertility

27 February 2017 - by Dr Barbara Kramarz

The Zika virus reduces the size of testes in infected mice up to 21 days after infection, according to a recent study... [Read More]

Should the 14-day limit on human embryo research be extended?

09 January 2017 - by Baroness Mary Warnock

As the Progress Educational Trust's Patron, Baroness Mary Warnock, is made a Companion of Honour in the New Year Honours List 2017, she offers her thoughts on whether the 14-day limit on human embryo research (which she originally proposed in 1984) should be extended... [Read More]

Regeneration of oocytes from discarded genetic material: will this double IVF success rates?

28 November 2016 - by Dr Philip Lewis and Professor Daniel Brison

A major factor limiting the effectiveness of IVF is the availability of high-quality egg cells from a patient. But new research suggests that the use of polar bodies might create two oocytes for the price of one... [Read More]

NHS to offer non-invasive prenatal testing to pregnant women

07 November 2016 - by Dr Rachel Huddart

A more accurate and safer prenatal test for Down's, Edward's and Patau's syndromes is to be offered by the NHS from 2018, it has been announced... [Read More]

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CROSSING FRONTIERS

Moving the Boundaries of Human Reproduction

Public Conference
London
8 December 2017

Speakers include

Professor Azim Surani

Professor Robin Lovell-Badge

Sally Cheshire

Professor Guido Pennings

Katherine Littler

Professor Richard Anderson

Dr Sue Avery

Dr Elizabeth Garner

Professor Allan Pacey

Dr Anna Smajdor

Dr Andy Greenfield

Philippa Taylor

Dr César Palacios-González

Fiona Fox

Sarah Norcross

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