Subscribe to the BioNews newsletter for free

Login
Advanced Search

Search for
BioNews

Like the Progress Educational Trust on Facebook


Glossary

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the molecule that encodes genetic information. It contains four different chemicals, or bases, known as A, C, G and T. Genes are made of DNA.



Articles using this Glossary Item

 1/61      

Exome project reveals 3230 disease genes

22 August 2016 - by Dr Barbara Kramarz

More than 3230 genes with the propensity to cause disease have been identified in an analysis of the largest exome dataset yet... [Read More]

MIT student claims CRISPR patent not earned

22 August 2016 - by Chee Hoe Low

A former MIT visiting student who worked in the Zhang lab for nine months in 2011 has claimed that patents over the CRISPR genome-editing technology were 'mis-patented'... [Read More]

NIPT or not to NIPT – is that really the question?

15 August 2016 - by Jane Fisher and Professor Lyn Chitty

A central tenet of prenatal testing is to promote reproductive autonomy by providing women with information that can assist in pregnancy management. Bringing NIPT into the NHS will improve an established screening programme... [Read More]

Blurred boundaries – the language of DNA

08 August 2016 - by Professor Marcus Pembrey

The general public have appropriated the term DNA to mean much more than just the molecule itself. This may not be a problem most of the time but, in the case of donor eggs and sperm in particular, it's important that people are clear on what genetics and epigenetics really tell us... [Read More]

Crowd-sourced DNA links depression to 17 genes

08 August 2016 - by Helen Robertson

Scientists have identified 17 genetic variants that appear to be linked to depression in individuals with European ancestry... [Read More]

Gene testing in young patients may uncover 'cancer families'

08 August 2016 - by Amina Yonis

More than half of patients with sarcoma, a rare cancer, have mutations that are known to increase the risk of other types of cancer... [Read More]

Ice-bucket challenge funds ALS gene discoveries

01 August 2016 - by Jenny Sharpe

Donations from the ALS 'ice-bucket challenge' have funded research that has led to the discovery of new genes linked to the disease... [Read More]

British biotech firm buys up Sardinian DNA biobank to research ageing

25 July 2016 - by Anneesa Amjad

A British biotech company has purchased a biobank containing the genetic information of almost 13,000 genealogically linked residents from the region of Ogliastre in Sardinia... [Read More]

Event Review: Genetic Screening and Respect for Persons

18 July 2016 - by Amina Yonis

Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) is improving all the time, and the tests may soon be offered to all pregnant women on the NHS. This event explored how to ensure that prospective mothers are properly counselled to make informed decisions about their pregnancy... [Read More]

'Silent' red hair gene increases skin cancer risk

18 July 2016 - by Ayala Ochert

Having a single copy of the 'ginger gene' may increase the risk of skin cancer, even among people who don't have red hair, according to a study... [Read More]

BRCA mutations linked to prostate and uterine cancers

11 July 2016 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

Genetic mutations on several genes including BRCA2 have been associated with prostate cancer; while in a separate study, a BRCA1 mutation has been linked to a particular form of uterine cancer... [Read More]

Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA mismatch may impact ageing

11 July 2016 - by Dr Julia Hill

The interaction between mitochondrial and nuclear DNA may have implications for health, metabolism and ageing, according to a new study... [Read More]

Virus linked to unexplained infertility in women

11 July 2016 - by Dr Lanay Tierney

A little-known virus has been found in the uteruses of around half of women with unexplained infertility, a study has found... [Read More]

Smoking damages sperm through inflammation

04 July 2016 - by Lone Hørlyck

A study of smokers has found smoking damages their sperm, including their DNA and mitochondria, by triggering inflammatory processes in their semen... [Read More]

Sperm self-destruction may lie behind maternal mitochondrial inheritance

04 July 2016 - by Dr Katie Howe

Researchers have identified a gene that, when activated, causes mitochondria inherited from sperm to be destroyed shortly after fertilisation... [Read More]

US Supreme Court blocks review of Sequenom patent appeal

04 July 2016 - by Dr Özge Özkaya

The US Supreme Court has declined to hear an appeal by the biotech company Sequenom against a ruling that its prenatal blood test was not patent eligible... [Read More]

Genes may be active after death

27 June 2016 - by Rachel Siden

Hundreds of genes become active after death and can stay active for up to four days, according to a study... [Read More]

Osteoporosis drug touted as potential 'BRCA-blocker'

27 June 2016 - by Helen Robertson

A drug currently used to treat osteoporosis in old age may help prevent breast cancer in women with a genetic predisposition for the disease... [Read More]

Pig-human organs: policing the moral boundaries

20 June 2016 - by Dr Anna Smajdor

The recent of creation of pig embryos with human DNA blurs the boundaries between animals and ourselves, giving us a chance to consider whether our moral categories are correct... [Read More]

Genes guide A-level choices 'more than environment'

20 June 2016 - by Dr Ashley Cartwright

Genetic factors influence not just achievement in further education, but also what subjects students take, a study suggests... [Read More]

 1/61      


Events using this Glossary Item

Practical Biobanking
26 October 2009  Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
The 4th Nowgen Centre course on Practical Biobanking...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
A Question of Taste: Using Polymerase Chain Reaction to Investigate Human Evolution
20 September 2009 10am-3pm Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
A one-day practical workshop for post-16 students, running from September 2009 to July 2010...
The Age of Personalised Genomics
16 September 2009  Rimrock Resort Hotel, 300 Mountain Avenue, Banff National Park, Alberta T1L 1J2, Canada
The 5th International DNA Sampling Conference...
Physics of Cells: From the Edge to the Heart
06 September 2009  Congress Centre, Hotel Zora, Raduća BB, Primošten 22202, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
The 1st European Molecular Biology Organisation conference on Cell Biophysics...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques...
Microarray and Deep Sequencing Based Profiling Approaches: The Technological Evolution Continues
09 July 2009 9am-4.30pm BioPark, Broadwater Road, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL7 3AX, UK
An event addressing currently available DNA research tools...


Published by the Progress Educational Trust
FROZEN ASSETS?
Preserving Sperm, Eggs and Embryos

FREE event
Edinburgh
25 October 2016

BOOK HERE
RETHINKING THE ETHICS OF EMBRYO RESEARCH
Genome Editing, 14 Days and Beyond

Public Conference
London
7 December 2016

Speakers include

Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz

Dr Kathy Niakan

Professor Sir Ian Wilmut

Lord George Carey

Baroness Mary Warnock

Dr Simon Fishel

Professor Bruce Whitelaw

Professor Alison Murdoch

Professor David Jones

Professor Sarah Franklin

Professor Stephen Wilkinson

BOOK HERE

Good Fundraising Code
 
Become a Friend of PET HERE and give the Progress Educational Trust a regular donation