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Bioethics and Society MSc at King's College London

Glossary

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the molecule that encodes genetic information. It contains four different chemicals, or bases, known as A, C, G and T. Genes are made of DNA.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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DNA ageing reversed in mice

27 March 2017 - by Dr Linda Wijlaars

Scientists have reversed ageing in mice by adding a chemical involved in DNA repair to their drinking water... [Read More]

Drug targeting old cells reverses ageing in mice

27 March 2017 - by Annabel Slater

A drug that reverses aspects of ageing has been successfully demonstrated in mice... [Read More]

Podcast Review: CRISPR Updated

27 March 2017 - by Emma Laycock

Radiolab explores the science, the uses and the ethics of CRISPR in this podcast that was two years in the making... [Read More]

Two-thirds of cancers caused by random mutations

27 March 2017 - by Caroline Casey

A new study has found that up to 66 percent of cancer-causing mutations can be attributed to random mistakes made during DNA replication... [Read More]

HFEA grants first UK licence to carry out mitochondrial donation

20 March 2017 - by Georgia Everett

Doctors at Newcastle Fertility Centre have been granted the first UK licence to use mitochondrial replacement therapy as a fertility treatment to prevent the inheritance of mitochondrial disease... [Read More]

IVF add-ons: A perspective from a non-profit charity

20 March 2017 - by Dr Avi Lerner

Following the Panorama documentary on IVF 'add-ons', there has been a great deal of discussion about the potential for conflicts of interest in the fertility industry... [Read More]

18 new genes linked to autism

13 March 2017 - by Jenny Sharpe

A study that sequenced the whole genomes of over 5000 people has discovered 18 genes associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)... [Read More]

Blood test could detect and locate cancer at early stage

13 March 2017 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

Researchers have developed a new blood test that can not only detect cancer at an early stage, but can also indicate where the tumour is located in the body... [Read More]

First genome editing of normal human embryos

13 March 2017 - by Dr Katie Howe

Chinese scientists have successfully used genome editing to correct mutations in viable human embryos for the first time... [Read More]

Podcast Review: Naked Genetics – Testing, testing

06 March 2017 - by Matthew Thomas

Dr Kat Arney leads a fascinating and wide-ranging discussion of genetic testing – from testing for cancer genes to whether your child's DNA can predict their future sporting ability... [Read More]

Use of prenatal tests 'must be limited', say bioethicists

06 March 2017 - by Emma Laycock

The Nuffield Council on Bioethics has called for a ban on using early prenatal testing to find out the sex or sequence the whole genome of the fetus... [Read More]

Book Review: Introducing Epigenetics - A Graphic Guide

27 February 2017 - by Annabel Slater

'Introducing Epigenetics: A graphic guide' is a mini-textbook pitched as a non-fiction comic book. Despite the colourful cover and perky graphics inside, this book does not make for light reading... [Read More]

'Enigma code' of common-cold virus may be deciphered

27 February 2017 - by Annabel Slater

Scientists have identified a 'hidden code' of key DNA sequences in a virus from the same family as the common cold... [Read More]

'Later-life' genes activated during stress

27 February 2017 - by Emma Laycock

Researchers have found a set of bodyclock-controlled genes that activate in later life and times of intense stress to protect the body... [Read More]

Neanderthal genes control human gene expression

27 February 2017 - by Annabel Slater and Ari Haque

Neanderthal DNA is still involved in controlling a range of traits in modern humans... [Read More]

Baldness linked to over 280 genes

20 February 2017 - by Emma Laycock

A new study has found over 280 genes associated with male-pattern baldness... [Read More]

Broad Institute CRISPR patents upheld

20 February 2017 - by Ryan Ross

The US Patent and Trademark Office has upheld the right of the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard to the genome-editing tool CRISPR/Cas9... [Read More]

GIANT makes short work of height gene discovery

20 February 2017 - by Professor Darren Griffin

A recent large-scale study that discovered 83 rare genes related to human height reveals the power of so-called genome-wide association studies... [Read More]

New genetic links to pancreatic cancer discovered

20 February 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

Researchers have used whole-genome sequencing to uncover new mutations responsible for a rare type of pancreatic cancer... [Read More]

BRCA testing not offered to enough high-risk patients

13 February 2017 - by Hannah Somers

A study has indicated that US doctors may not be recommending genetic testing to a sufficient number of high-risk breast cancer patients... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

Testing, Testing 1, 2, 3: PGS and PGD
13 September 2016 6pm (registration), 6.30pm-8.30pm (discussion) Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH
The Progress Educational Trust's FREE-to-attend event about testing and screening human embryos is taking place TOMORROW EVENING - book NOW. The event will be chaired by Dr Sue Avery, with speakers including Dr Tony Gordon, Dr Christine Patch, James Lawford Davies and Professor Michael Parker...
Practical Biobanking
26 October 2009  Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
The 4th Nowgen Centre course on Practical Biobanking...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
A Question of Taste: Using Polymerase Chain Reaction to Investigate Human Evolution
20 September 2009 10am-3pm Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
A one-day practical workshop for post-16 students, running from September 2009 to July 2010...
The Age of Personalised Genomics
16 September 2009  Rimrock Resort Hotel, 300 Mountain Avenue, Banff National Park, Alberta T1L 1J2, Canada
The 5th International DNA Sampling Conference...
Physics of Cells: From the Edge to the Heart
06 September 2009  Congress Centre, Hotel Zora, Raduća BB, Primošten 22202, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
The 1st European Molecular Biology Organisation conference on Cell Biophysics...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques...
Microarray and Deep Sequencing Based Profiling Approaches: The Technological Evolution Continues
09 July 2009 9am-4.30pm BioPark, Broadwater Road, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL7 3AX, UK
An event addressing currently available DNA research tools...


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