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Glossary

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the molecule that encodes genetic information. It contains four different chemicals, or bases, known as A, C, G and T. Genes are made of DNA.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Study uses genome editing inside patient for first time

20 November 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

A new clinical trial in California marks the first time that genome editing has been used inside the body, rather than on cells such as blood or skin which can be extracted, edited outside the body, and then replaced... [Read More]

The reflex prenatal screening model seems like a step in the wrong direction

20 November 2017 - by Catherine Joynson

The new 'reflex' method of antenatal screening for Down's, Edwards' and Patau's syndromes was described last week as a 'transformational advance'. It might be cheaper than other approaches, but it could come at the cost of informed choice for pregnant women and couples... [Read More]

FDA to streamline path for direct-to-consumer genetic testing

13 November 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

The US Food and Drugs Administration has further deregulated direct-to-consumer genetic health risk tests, meaning that some will be approved for market without a pre-market review... [Read More]

New prenatal DNA test for Down's syndrome is more accurate and cheaper

13 November 2017 - by Dr Barbara Kramarz

A new prenatal screening method for Down's syndrome, Edwards syndrome and Patau syndromes is safer, more reliable and cheaper than existing approaches, a study has found... [Read More]

Twenty-seven genes that suppress cancer discovered

06 November 2017 - by Julianna Photopoulos

Scientists have found 27 new tumour suppressor genes... [Read More]

US surrogate fights for own genetic baby

06 November 2017 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

A US surrogate has been united with her genetic child who she carried alongside the intended parents' embryo in an apparent case of superfetation... 

Broad Institute responds to Berkeley CRISPR patent appeal

30 October 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

The Broad Institute has filed arguments ahead of the upcoming CRISPR patent appeal hearing... [Read More]

New advance in DNA base editing tools

30 October 2017 - by Julianna Photopoulos

Scientists have developed the genome editing technique known as 'base editing' to turn adenine-thymine base pairs back to guanine-cytosine... [Read More]

RNA editing tools could create new disease therapies

30 October 2017 - by Dr Rachel Huddart

A new molecular tool to change individual letters in an RNA sequence may open up new possibilities for gene therapy... [Read More]

US fertility doctor accused of using own sperm changes plea

30 October 2017 - by Sarah Pritchard

A retired US fertility doctor accused of using his own sperm to inseminate patients at his clinic will plead guilty to misleading investigators... [Read More]

Number of mutations needed to cause cancer calculated

19 October 2017 - by Charlott Repschlager

Between one and 10 mutations are required for a healthy cell to turn cancerous... [Read More]

Book Review: Bioinformation

16 October 2017 - by Ryan Ross

Since 2011, Polity Books has published a number of books in its 'Resources Series', which have focused on subjects like diamonds, oil and timber. Yet its forthcoming volume marks something of a shift, for its focus is bioinformation... [Read More]

Gene test could improve prediction of breast cancer risk

16 October 2017 - by Hannah Somers

A new genetic test to accurately predict an individual's risk of developing breast cancer will soon be rolled out at two hospital clinics in Manchester... [Read More]

'CRISPR-Gold' repairs muscular dystrophy gene in mouse model

09 October 2017 - by Emma Laycock

Scientists have repaired the faulty gene in a mouse model of muscular dystrophy by using gold nanoparticles to deliver the genome editing tool CRISPR-Cas9... [Read More]

Researchers crack how BRCA1 gene raises cancer risk

09 October 2017 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

A major breakthrough in understanding how mutations in the BRCA1 gene raise cancer risk has been made by researchers in the USA... [Read More]

Genome editing targets beta-thalassemia in human embryos

02 October 2017 - by Dr Rachel Brown

A genome editing technique called 'base editing' has been used to correct the mutation causing the inherited blood disorder beta-thalassemia in human embryos... [Read More]

First genome editing of human embryos by UK scientists

25 September 2017 - by Paul Waldron

UK scientists have successfully edited the genome of human embryos to study the role of a gene key to the earliest stages of development... [Read More]

Older parents pass down more genetic mutations

25 September 2017 - by Dr Rosie Gilchrist

Parents pass on more new genetic mutations to their children with age, and fathers pass on more than mothers, according to a study... [Read More]

Podcast Review: The Life Scientific - Jennifer Doudna

25 September 2017 - by Rikita Patel

The new era of gene technology presents an exciting approach to treat deleterious, inherited genetic conditions. Presenter Jim Al-Khalili talks to Professor Jennifer Doudna, from her early life to her research into molecular biology, to the development of the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing system... [Read More]

Top of the Lake may sink as a procedural, but look beneath the surface

25 September 2017 - by Dr Iain Brassington

The implausibilities of this series ought not to detain us too long. For there are deep and troubling questions that the series raises. What is it to be a 'real' mother?... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

Testing, Testing 1, 2, 3: PGS and PGD
13 September 2016 6pm (registration), 6.30pm-8.30pm (discussion) Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH
The Progress Educational Trust's FREE-to-attend event about testing and screening human embryos is taking place TOMORROW EVENING - book NOW. The event will be chaired by Dr Sue Avery, with speakers including Dr Tony Gordon, Dr Christine Patch, James Lawford Davies and Professor Michael Parker...
Practical Biobanking
26 October 2009  Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
The 4th Nowgen Centre course on Practical Biobanking...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
A Question of Taste: Using Polymerase Chain Reaction to Investigate Human Evolution
20 September 2009 10am-3pm Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
A one-day practical workshop for post-16 students, running from September 2009 to July 2010...
The Age of Personalised Genomics
16 September 2009  Rimrock Resort Hotel, 300 Mountain Avenue, Banff National Park, Alberta T1L 1J2, Canada
The 5th International DNA Sampling Conference...
Physics of Cells: From the Edge to the Heart
06 September 2009  Congress Centre, Hotel Zora, Raduća BB, Primošten 22202, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
The 1st European Molecular Biology Organisation conference on Cell Biophysics...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques...
Microarray and Deep Sequencing Based Profiling Approaches: The Technological Evolution Continues
09 July 2009 9am-4.30pm BioPark, Broadwater Road, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL7 3AX, UK
An event addressing currently available DNA research tools...


Published by the Progress Educational Trust

CROSSING FRONTIERS

Public Conference
London
8 December 2017

Speakers include

Professor Azim Surani

Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz

Professor Robin Lovell-Badge

Sally Cheshire

Professor Guido Pennings

Katherine Littler

Professor Allan Pacey

Dr Sue Avery

Professor Richard Anderson

Dr Elizabeth Garner

Dr Andy Greenfield

Dr Anna Smajdor

Dr Henry Malter

Vivienne Parry

Dr Helen O'Neill

Dr César Palacios-González

Philippa Taylor

Fiona Fox

Sarah Norcross

Sandy Starr


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