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DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the molecule that encodes genetic information. It contains four different chemicals, or bases, known as A, C, G and T. Genes are made of DNA.

Articles using this Glossary Item


CRISPR success in repairing sickle-cell anaemia mutation

17 October 2016 - by Sarah Gregory

Researchers have used the CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing technique to correct the mutation that causes sickle-cell anaemia... [Read More]

Mitochondrial donation technique used in Ukraine, doctors claim

17 October 2016 - by Ayala Ochert

Two women in the Ukraine are pregnant with babies conceived through mitochondrial donation as a treatment for infertility, according to a report in New Scientist... [Read More]

Mitochondrial replacement therapy and the welfare of the child

17 October 2016 - by Dr Mair Crouch

The announcement of the birth of the first child conceived using mitochondrial donation was unforeseen. Nonetheless, in any country regulation should be required to protect the interests of the child... [Read More]

Cancer risk not linked to stem-cell division rates in organs

10 October 2016 - by Annabel Slater

Cancer risk is not linked to different rates of adult stem-cell division in organs, a study suggests... [Read More]

CRISPR used to investigate non-coding regions of the genome

03 October 2016 - by Helen Robertson

Two teams of researchers have used CRISPR genome editing technology to identify 'non-coding' regions of the genome for the first time... [Read More]

Healthy mice created from eggs and sperm without conventional fertilisation

19 September 2016 - by Paul Waldron

Unfertilised mouse egg cells that have been made to divide can develop into healthy offspring by the injection of sperm, according to a new study... [Read More]

Hispanic longevity linked to epigenetics

30 August 2016 - by Dr Ashley Cartwright

Researchers in the US have found that Hispanic individuals age slower than people from other ethnic backgrounds... [Read More]

Exome project reveals 3230 disease genes

22 August 2016 - by Dr Barbara Kramarz

More than 3230 genes with the propensity to cause disease have been identified in an analysis of the largest exome dataset yet... [Read More]

MIT student claims CRISPR patent not earned

22 August 2016 - by Chee Hoe Low

A former MIT visiting student who worked in the Zhang lab for nine months in 2011 has claimed that patents over the CRISPR genome-editing technology were 'mis-patented'... [Read More]

NIPT or not to NIPT – is that really the question?

15 August 2016 - by Jane Fisher and Professor Lyn Chitty

A central tenet of prenatal testing is to promote reproductive autonomy by providing women with information that can assist in pregnancy management. Bringing NIPT into the NHS will improve an established screening programme... [Read More]

Blurred boundaries – the language of DNA

08 August 2016 - by Professor Marcus Pembrey

The general public have appropriated the term DNA to mean much more than just the molecule itself. This may not be a problem most of the time but, in the case of donor eggs and sperm in particular, it's important that people are clear on what genetics and epigenetics really tell us... [Read More]

Crowd-sourced DNA links depression to 17 genes

08 August 2016 - by Helen Robertson

Scientists have identified 17 genetic variants that appear to be linked to depression in individuals with European ancestry... [Read More]

Gene testing in young patients may uncover 'cancer families'

08 August 2016 - by Amina Yonis

More than half of patients with sarcoma, a rare cancer, have mutations that are known to increase the risk of other types of cancer... [Read More]

Ice-bucket challenge funds ALS gene discoveries

01 August 2016 - by Jenny Sharpe

Donations from the ALS 'ice-bucket challenge' have funded research that has led to the discovery of new genes linked to the disease... [Read More]

British biotech firm buys up Sardinian DNA biobank to research ageing

25 July 2016 - by Anneesa Amjad

A British biotech company has purchased a biobank containing the genetic information of almost 13,000 genealogically linked residents from the region of Ogliastre in Sardinia... [Read More]

Event Review: Genetic Screening and Respect for Persons

18 July 2016 - by Amina Yonis

Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) is improving all the time, and the tests may soon be offered to all pregnant women on the NHS. This event explored how to ensure that prospective mothers are properly counselled to make informed decisions about their pregnancy... [Read More]

'Silent' red hair gene increases skin cancer risk

18 July 2016 - by Ayala Ochert

Having a single copy of the 'ginger gene' may increase the risk of skin cancer, even among people who don't have red hair, according to a study... [Read More]

BRCA mutations linked to prostate and uterine cancers

11 July 2016 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

Genetic mutations on several genes including BRCA2 have been associated with prostate cancer; while in a separate study, a BRCA1 mutation has been linked to a particular form of uterine cancer... [Read More]

Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA mismatch may impact ageing

11 July 2016 - by Dr Julia Hill

The interaction between mitochondrial and nuclear DNA may have implications for health, metabolism and ageing, according to a new study... [Read More]

Virus linked to unexplained infertility in women

11 July 2016 - by Dr Lanay Tierney

A little-known virus has been found in the uteruses of around half of women with unexplained infertility, a study has found... [Read More]


Events using this Glossary Item

Testing, Testing 1, 2, 3: PGS and PGD
13 September 2016 6pm (registration), 6.30pm-8.30pm (discussion) Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH
The Progress Educational Trust's FREE-to-attend event about testing and screening human embryos is taking place TOMORROW EVENING - book NOW. The event will be chaired by Dr Sue Avery, with speakers including Dr Tony Gordon, Dr Christine Patch, James Lawford Davies and Professor Michael Parker...
Practical Biobanking
26 October 2009  Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
The 4th Nowgen Centre course on Practical Biobanking...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
A Question of Taste: Using Polymerase Chain Reaction to Investigate Human Evolution
20 September 2009 10am-3pm Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
A one-day practical workshop for post-16 students, running from September 2009 to July 2010...
The Age of Personalised Genomics
16 September 2009  Rimrock Resort Hotel, 300 Mountain Avenue, Banff National Park, Alberta T1L 1J2, Canada
The 5th International DNA Sampling Conference...
Physics of Cells: From the Edge to the Heart
06 September 2009  Congress Centre, Hotel Zora, Raduća BB, Primošten 22202, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
The 1st European Molecular Biology Organisation conference on Cell Biophysics...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques...
Microarray and Deep Sequencing Based Profiling Approaches: The Technological Evolution Continues
09 July 2009 9am-4.30pm BioPark, Broadwater Road, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL7 3AX, UK
An event addressing currently available DNA research tools...

Published by the Progress Educational Trust
Preserving Sperm, Eggs and Embryos

FREE event
25 October 2016


Genome Editing, 14 Days and Beyond

Public Conference
7 December 2016

Speakers include

Professor Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz

Dr Kathy Niakan

Professor Sir Ian Wilmut

Lord George Carey

Baroness Mary Warnock

Dr Simon Fishel

Professor Bruce Whitelaw

Professor Alison Murdoch

Professor David Jones

Professor Sarah Franklin

Professor Stephen Wilkinson


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