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King's College London - Health: More than a medical matter

Glossary

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the chemical that encodes genetic information. It contains four different chemicals, or bases, known as A, C, G and T.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Weight loss to improve fertility outcomes: how far should we go?

14 April 2014 - by Amanda Jefferys

Weight loss improves both fertility and reproductive outcomes, and weight management medications and surgery are more effective than lifestyle interventions in achieving significant weight loss. Can infertility be considered a medical condition associated with obesity?... [Read More]

TV Review: Dead Famous DNA

14 April 2014 - by Chee Hoe Low

Although this show jumped to conclusions about what the DNA of famous people could tell us, its ridiculous premise was amusing enough to keep viewers entertained... [Read More]

Gene test can predict prostate cancer recurrence

14 April 2014 - by Simon Hazelwood-Smith

A genetic test has been developed to predict the likelihood of prostate cancer returning after treatment. The test looks for 'genetic signatures' often found in recurring cancers... [Read More]

DNA ages faster in disadvantaged boys

14 April 2014 - by Chris Baldacci

Children from poor backgrounds who have an unstable family life have shorter telomeres - the tips of chromosomes that prevent damage - according to a small study... [Read More]

Obesity linked to genetic variation in carbohydrate digestion

07 April 2014 - by James Brooks

Obesity might not simply be a matter of overeating or heightened appetite but at least partially down to how we metabolise food, a study says... [Read More]

New genome sequencing recommendation enables patients to opt out of genetic disease testing

07 April 2014 - by Rebecca Carr

The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) has updated its position on the return of results from genome sequencing to allow patients to opt out from receiving incidental information.... [Read More]

Men who smoked before teens may father fatter sons

07 April 2014 - by Kimberley Bryon-Dodd

Smoking before puberty may lead to men fathering fatter sons, suggesting that lifestyle factors can have adverse impacts on the next generation, a study has found... [Read More]

Investigation finds misconduct in acid bath stem cell research

07 April 2014 - by Greg Ball

An investigation has found that the lead author of the widely reported 'breakthrough' stem cell papers is guilty of misconduct... [Read More]

Synthetic biology moves beyond bacteria and viruses with 'man-made' yeast chromosome

31 March 2014 - by Rhys Baker

The world's first fully-functional synthetic yeast chromosome has been created in an international seven-year effort... [Read More]

Event Review: The Compatibility Gene

31 March 2014 - by Barbara Czub

Professor Daniel Davis began his lecture at the Royal Institution by introducing 'the compatibility genes', the DNA components that vary the most from person to person. Unlike many of us would expect, these genes are not responsible for features such as skin or hair colour. This engaging lecture tells their story.... [Read More]

Epigenetic blood test for children 'predicts' obesity five years later

31 March 2014 - by Dr Charlotte Warren-Gash

A DNA blood test for children aged five can help predict body fat levels when they are aged nine to 14, a small study suggests... [Read More]

BRCA1 cancer study suggests alternative to major surgery

31 March 2014 - by Dr Sarah Spain

BRCA1 mutations put carriers at high risk of cancer by failing to protect cells against the effects of high levels of oestrogen hormone found in breast and ovary tissue, researchers have established... [Read More]

Scientists use DNA to predict facial features

24 March 2014 - by Chris Hardy

A new technique allows scientists to make guesses about what a person's face looks like, by examining just 20 genes in their DNA... [Read More]

Is mitochondrial donation 'genetic engineering'?

24 March 2014 - by Professor Janna Thompson

MP Jacob Rees-Mogg recently implied that mitochondrial transfer is akin to eugenics, but it is a way of combating debilitating ailments rather than producing 'perfect' human beings... [Read More]

'Big data on steroids': IBM's Watson supercomputer to work on brain cancer genetics

24 March 2014 - by Chris Baldacci

IBM and the New York Genome Centre have teamed up to announce the latest weapon in the fight against cancer - Watson the supercomputer.... [Read More]

Hurdles ahead for whole genome sequencing

17 March 2014 - by Chee Hoe Low

Genome sequencing technology struggles to capture the complete genome accurately and reliably, a small study has found... [Read More]

Event Review: Bio-Revolution

17 March 2014 - by Chris Hardy

At the Science Museum's 'drinking and thinking' event, visitors extracted DNA from strawberries and discussed genome sequencing in the NHS... [Read More]

Experts back maternal blood test for Down's syndrome

10 March 2014 - by Victoria Burchell

A test using a simple blood sample from the expectant mother should soon be the primary screening method for Down's syndrome, according to a report from the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG)... [Read More]

Event Review: Genetics and the Prospect of Personalised Medicine for Obesity

10 March 2014 - by James Heather

The media likes to push the idea that the obesity epidemic is fuelled entirely by our increasingly well-fed and sedentary lives, which makes the opportunity to hear solid evidence for the other side of the equation refreshing... [Read More]

FDA Advisory Committee weighs up mitochondrial replacement

03 March 2014 - by Chee Hoe Low

The USA's Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is considering whether to allow human clinical trials of mitochondrial replacement, an IVF technique that uses gametes from three people... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

 

Practical Biobanking
26 October 2009  Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
The 4th Nowgen Centre course on Practical Biobanking... [Read More]
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases... [Read More]
A Question of Taste: Using Polymerase Chain Reaction to Investigate Human Evolution
20 September 2009 10am-3pm Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
A one-day practical workshop for post-16 students, running from September 2009 to July 2010... [Read More]
The Age of Personalised Genomics
16 September 2009  Rimrock Resort Hotel, 300 Mountain Avenue, Banff National Park, Alberta T1L 1J2, Canada
The 5th International DNA Sampling Conference... [Read More]
Physics of Cells: From the Edge to the Heart
06 September 2009  Congress Centre, Hotel Zora, Raduća BB, Primošten 22202, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
The 1st European Molecular Biology Organisation conference on Cell Biophysics... [Read More]
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago... [Read More]
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques... [Read More]
Microarray and Deep Sequencing Based Profiling Approaches: The Technological Evolution Continues
09 July 2009 9am-4.30pm BioPark, Broadwater Road, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL7 3AX, UK
An event addressing currently available DNA research tools... [Read More]


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