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Glossary

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the molecule that encodes genetic information. It contains four different chemicals, or bases, known as A, C, G and T. Genes are made of DNA.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Event Review: Genetic Screening and Respect for Persons

18 July 2016 - by Amina Yonis

Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) is improving all the time, and the tests may soon be offered to all pregnant women on the NHS. This event explored how to ensure that prospective mothers are properly counselled to make informed decisions about their pregnancy... [Read More]

'Silent' red hair gene increases skin cancer risk

18 July 2016 - by Ayala Ochert

Having a single copy of the 'ginger gene' may increase the risk of skin cancer, even among people who don't have red hair, according to a study... [Read More]

BRCA mutations linked to prostate and uterine cancers

11 July 2016 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

Genetic mutations on several genes including BRCA2 have been associated with prostate cancer; while in a separate study, a BRCA1 mutation has been linked to a particular form of uterine cancer... [Read More]

Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA mismatch may impact ageing

11 July 2016 - by Dr Julia Hill

The interaction between mitochondrial and nuclear DNA may have implications for health, metabolism and ageing, according to a new study... [Read More]

Virus linked to unexplained infertility in women

11 July 2016 - by Dr Lanay Tierney

A little-known virus has been found in the uteruses of around half of women with unexplained infertility, a study has found... [Read More]

Smoking damages sperm through inflammation

04 July 2016 - by Lone Hørlyck

A study of smokers has found smoking damages their sperm, including their DNA and mitochondria, by triggering inflammatory processes in their semen... [Read More]

Sperm self-destruction may lie behind maternal mitochondrial inheritance

04 July 2016 - by Dr Katie Howe

Researchers have identified a gene that, when activated, causes mitochondria inherited from sperm to be destroyed shortly after fertilisation... [Read More]

US Supreme Court blocks review of Sequenom patent appeal

04 July 2016 - by Dr Özge Özkaya

The US Supreme Court has declined to hear an appeal by the biotech company Sequenom against a ruling that its prenatal blood test was not patent eligible... [Read More]

Genes may be active after death

27 June 2016 - by Rachel Siden

Hundreds of genes become active after death and can stay active for up to four days, according to a study... [Read More]

Osteoporosis drug touted as potential 'BRCA-blocker'

27 June 2016 - by Helen Robertson

A drug currently used to treat osteoporosis in old age may help prevent breast cancer in women with a genetic predisposition for the disease... [Read More]

Pig-human organs: policing the moral boundaries

20 June 2016 - by Dr Anna Smajdor

The recent of creation of pig embryos with human DNA blurs the boundaries between animals and ourselves, giving us a chance to consider whether our moral categories are correct... [Read More]

Genes guide A-level choices 'more than environment'

20 June 2016 - by Dr Ashley Cartwright

Genetic factors influence not just achievement in further education, but also what subjects students take, a study suggests... [Read More]

Radio Review: Born in Bradford

20 June 2016 - by Professor Sandy Raeburn

The Born in Bradford study, which began in 2007, has recorded data prospectively from 12,000 mothers, 4000 fathers and their 14,000 children born in Bradford General Hospital... [Read More]

US regulator weighs up CRISPR cancer therapy trial

20 June 2016 - by Rachel Reeves

A US federal safety board is set to review an application for the first in-human use of CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing technology to treat cancer... [Read More]

TV Review: Panorama – Medicine's Big Breakthrough: Editing Your Genes

13 June 2016 - by Rhys Baker

Over just 30 minutes Fergus Walsh has a lot of ground to cover here without even touching on the ethical debate. Yet, while gene editing may have 'just been made simple', how we respond to these stunning advances is anything but... [Read More]

US lab attempting to grow pig embryos with human pancreases

13 June 2016 - by Dr Jane Currie

Scientists have used CRISPR to create part-pig, part-human embryos in an attempt to grow human organs for transplant... [Read More]

BRCA database now holds data on 6200 variants

06 June 2016 - by Dr James Heather

After one year of existence, the BRCA Share database has released details on its progress in collating information on variants of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes... [Read More]

MIT CRISPR team turn to RNA

06 June 2016 - by Ayala Ochert and Amina Yonis

The team that developed the CRISPR/Cas9 DNA-editing technique have now developed a new system that could allow RNA editing... [Read More]

Scientists present plan to build a human genome

06 June 2016 - by Rebecca Carr

A group of 25 scientists have proposed an ambitious plan to create a synthetic human genome from scratch... [Read More]

DNA damage from cannabis use can be inherited, scientists claim

31 May 2016 - by Rachel Reeves

A research review suggests that cannabis use damages DNA, and claims that this damage can be inherited... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

Practical Biobanking
26 October 2009  Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
The 4th Nowgen Centre course on Practical Biobanking...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
A Question of Taste: Using Polymerase Chain Reaction to Investigate Human Evolution
20 September 2009 10am-3pm Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
A one-day practical workshop for post-16 students, running from September 2009 to July 2010...
The Age of Personalised Genomics
16 September 2009  Rimrock Resort Hotel, 300 Mountain Avenue, Banff National Park, Alberta T1L 1J2, Canada
The 5th International DNA Sampling Conference...
Physics of Cells: From the Edge to the Heart
06 September 2009  Congress Centre, Hotel Zora, Raduća BB, Primošten 22202, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
The 1st European Molecular Biology Organisation conference on Cell Biophysics...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques...
Microarray and Deep Sequencing Based Profiling Approaches: The Technological Evolution Continues
09 July 2009 9am-4.30pm BioPark, Broadwater Road, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL7 3AX, UK
An event addressing currently available DNA research tools...


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