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Bioethics and Society MSc at King's College London

Glossary

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the molecule that encodes genetic information. It contains four different chemicals, or bases, known as A, C, G and T. Genes are made of DNA.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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GIANT makes short work of height gene discovery

27 February 2017 - by Professor Darren Griffin

A recent large-scale study that discovered 83 rare genes related to human height reveals the power of so-called genome-wide association studies... [Read More]

Baldness linked to over 280 genes

20 February 2017 - by Emma Laycock

A new study has found over 280 genes associated with male-pattern baldness... [Read More]

Broad Institute CRISPR patents upheld

20 February 2017 - by Ryan Ross

The US Patent and Trademark Office has upheld the right of the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard to the genome-editing tool CRISPR/Cas9... [Read More]

New genetic links to pancreatic cancer discovered

20 February 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

Researchers have used whole-genome sequencing to uncover new mutations responsible for a rare type of pancreatic cancer... [Read More]

BRCA testing not offered to enough high-risk patients

13 February 2017 - by Hannah Somers

A study has indicated that US doctors may not be recommending genetic testing to a sufficient number of high-risk breast cancer patients... [Read More]

Genetic study identifies new type of muscular dystrophy

13 February 2017 - by Caroline Casey

Scientists have identified a unique form of congenital muscular dystrophy, characterised by short stature, intellectual disabilities and cataracts... [Read More]

83 rare genes influence height, says GIANT

06 February 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

A large international study has uncovered 83 rare genetic variants that can significantly affect a person's height... [Read More]

Doudna and Charpentier win 2017 Japan Prize for CRISPR

06 February 2017 - by Dr Linda Wijlaars

Professors Jennifer Doudna and Emmanuelle Charpentier have won the 2017 Japan Prize for their work on the genome-editing technology CRISPR/Cas9.... [Read More]

Stable bacteria created using synthetic DNA

30 January 2017 - by Dr James Heather

Scientists have developed bacteria which can live and grow with DNA containing extra 'letters'... [Read More]

Genome editing: CRISPR at the cutting edge

23 January 2017 - by Annabel Slater

The fourth session of the Progress Educational Trust's annual conference 'Rethinking the Ethics of Embryo Research: Genome Editing, 14 Days and Beyond' delved into the new genome-editing technique CRISPR/Cas9 and what it means for embryo research... [Read More]

Infertile couple have baby using mitochondrial donation

23 January 2017 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

A baby has been born in the Ukraine following the use of an experimental IVF procedure known as mitochondrial donation... [Read More]

Little exercise and sedentary lifestyle ages DNA

23 January 2017 - by Matthew Thomas

Older women who take little exercise and live a more sedentary lifestyle have disproportionately older DNA, researchers have found... [Read More]

Smartphone DNA sequencer developed

23 January 2017 - by Kulraj Singh Bhangra

Scientists have created a smartphone microscope attachment that can image and analyse DNA sequences... [Read More]

Stem cells reprogrammed to resemble fertilised eggs

23 January 2017 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

Researchers have successfully turned stem cells into 'totipotent' cells, with characteristics resembling those of fertilised eggs... [Read More]

Anti-CRISPR - an off-switch for genome editing

09 January 2017 - by Dr Özge Özkaya

Scientists have discovered a new set of proteins that can block the CRISPR/Cas9 system... [Read More]

IVF culture medium can double the chance of success

09 January 2017 - by Annabel Slater

The type of culture media used in IVF can more than double the chance of producing healthy embryos and significantly affect chances of successful conception... [Read More]

Sperm mix-up involving 26 women at Dutch IVF clinic

09 January 2017 - by Georgia Everett

A Dutch IVF clinic is currently under investigation after it came to light that dozens of its patients might have been fertilised by the wrong sperm – half of whom are pregnant or have already given birth... [Read More]

Hearings begin in CRISPR US patent dispute

12 December 2016 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

Oral arguments from lawyers acting for the Broad Institute and the University of California, Berkeley, in the high-profile CRISPR/Cas9 patent dispute have been heard in Virginia... [Read More]

Gene that 'limits desire for alcohol'

05 December 2016 - by Rachel Reeves

A newly discovered gene variant seems to reduce an individual's fondness for alcohol, a study has found... [Read More]

Only half of chromosome is DNA

28 November 2016 - by Dr Rachel Huddart

DNA only accounts for about half of the total volume of chromosomes, as shown by new 3D images of human chromosomes... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

Testing, Testing 1, 2, 3: PGS and PGD
13 September 2016 6pm (registration), 6.30pm-8.30pm (discussion) Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH
The Progress Educational Trust's FREE-to-attend event about testing and screening human embryos is taking place TOMORROW EVENING - book NOW. The event will be chaired by Dr Sue Avery, with speakers including Dr Tony Gordon, Dr Christine Patch, James Lawford Davies and Professor Michael Parker...
Practical Biobanking
26 October 2009  Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
The 4th Nowgen Centre course on Practical Biobanking...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
A Question of Taste: Using Polymerase Chain Reaction to Investigate Human Evolution
20 September 2009 10am-3pm Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
A one-day practical workshop for post-16 students, running from September 2009 to July 2010...
The Age of Personalised Genomics
16 September 2009  Rimrock Resort Hotel, 300 Mountain Avenue, Banff National Park, Alberta T1L 1J2, Canada
The 5th International DNA Sampling Conference...
Physics of Cells: From the Edge to the Heart
06 September 2009  Congress Centre, Hotel Zora, Raduća BB, Primošten 22202, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
The 1st European Molecular Biology Organisation conference on Cell Biophysics...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques...
Microarray and Deep Sequencing Based Profiling Approaches: The Technological Evolution Continues
09 July 2009 9am-4.30pm BioPark, Broadwater Road, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL7 3AX, UK
An event addressing currently available DNA research tools...


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