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Human Clinical Embryology and Assisted Conception MSc

Glossary

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the molecule that encodes genetic information. It contains four different chemicals, or bases, known as A, C, G and T. Genes are made of DNA.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Ancestry owns genetic information of customers and their relatives

22 May 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

Customers of Ancestry's consumer DNA tests may be unaware of what they have signed away, a US lawyer has suggested... [Read More]

If you could alter the characteristics of future generations, would you do it?

22 May 2017 - by Dr Peter Mills

The Nuffield Council on Bioethics is seeking views on the reproductive uses of genome editing in humans. Regular readers of BioNews will know that genome editing (including with the CRISPR-Cas9 technique) offers a way of making precisely targeted modifications to DNA in living cells, harnessing the cells’ inbuilt repair mechanisms to repair a deliberate, double-stranded DNA break in a way that may either disable or introduce a functional DNA sequence... [Read More]

Cancer fusion genes targeted with CRISPR

08 May 2017 - by Sarah Pritchard

Aggressive human prostate and liver tumours have been shrunk in mice by targeting a ‘fused’ gene mutation using CRISPR/Cas9... [Read More]

CRISPR gene-editing eliminates HIV in mice

08 May 2017 - by Emma Laycock

US scientists have used CRISPR gene-editing to remove HIV DNA from the genomes of living animals, eliminating further infection.

Plan to build synthetic human DNA genome gains momentum

08 May 2017 - by Annabel Slater

Human DNA could be artificially synthesised in around five years or less, according to one of the organisers behind the Genome Project-write plan... [Read More]

Radio Review: The Secrets Inside Your Cells - Epigenetics, Trauma and Ancestry

08 May 2017 - by Dr Avi Lerner

The Human Genome Project, completed in April 2003, greatly improved our ability to study human health and disease. It also provided a deeper insight into our history and evolution as a species. Yet a recent episode of the 'Science Friction' radio show, presented by Natasha Mitchell on Australia’s ABC Radio, delved further into these fascinating topics through the lens of the new and emerging field of epigenetics.

Autism linked to grandmothers' smoking

02 May 2017 - by Annabel Slater

A higher likelihood of autism spectrum disorder and autistic traits have been linked to maternal grandmothers smoking while pregnant... [Read More]

DNA tests spot returning lung cancer a year before scans

02 May 2017 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

Blood tests for tumour DNA could predict relapse of the most common type of lung cancer up to one year before clinical signs show up on patient's scans... [Read More]

Highly sensitive CRISPR diagnostic tool created

24 April 2017 - by Jennifer Willows and Annabel Slater

A new highly sensitive diagnostic system for diseases has been adapted from CRISPR... [Read More]

Rapid blood test could detect lung cancer

24 April 2017 - by Meghna Kataria

A blood test could swiftly detect gene mutations found in lung cancer, allowing faster commencement of treatment... [Read More]

FDA approves home genetic tests for 10 diseases

10 April 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

The US Food and Drug Administration has approved the first genetic test to estimate an individual's risk of disease that can be sold directly to consumers... [Read More]

The media, synthetic biology and CRISPR - fears vs. reality

10 April 2017 - by Sean Byrne

A recent Wall Street Journal article, 'DIY Gene Editing: Fast, Cheap — and Worrisome', describes the Saturday afternoon of teenager, Kian Sadeghi, as he learns to use CRISPR/Cas9 at the Genspace Community Lab in Brooklyn, New York. Like many news articles, the main angle of the article is that new science and technology present a problem... [Read More]

New genes linked to brain and ovarian cancer

03 April 2017 - by Annabel Slater

New genes indicating risk of ovarian and brain cancer have been identified using genome-wide association studies... [Read More]

Stem cells could be used to create 'endless supply of blood'

03 April 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

A new method of producing red blood cells outside the body on a large scale has been developed by researchers at the University of Bristol... [Read More]

University of California win CRISPR patent battle in Europe

03 April 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

The European Patent Office has declared that it intends to grant a broad patent for the use of CRISPR technologies to the University of California, the University of Vienna and Dr Emmanuelle Charpentier of the Max-Planck Institute in Berlin... [Read More]

DNA ageing reversed in mice

27 March 2017 - by Dr Linda Wijlaars

Scientists have reversed ageing in mice by adding a chemical involved in DNA repair to their drinking water... [Read More]

Drug targeting old cells reverses ageing in mice

27 March 2017 - by Annabel Slater

A drug that reverses aspects of ageing has been successfully demonstrated in mice... [Read More]

Podcast Review: CRISPR Updated

27 March 2017 - by Emma Laycock

Radiolab explores the science, the uses and the ethics of CRISPR in this podcast that was two years in the making... [Read More]

Two-thirds of cancers caused by random mutations

27 March 2017 - by Caroline Casey

A new study has found that up to 66 percent of cancer-causing mutations can be attributed to random mistakes made during DNA replication... [Read More]

HFEA grants first UK licence to carry out mitochondrial donation

20 March 2017 - by Georgia Everett

Doctors at Newcastle Fertility Centre have been granted the first UK licence to use mitochondrial replacement therapy as a fertility treatment to prevent the inheritance of mitochondrial disease... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

Testing, Testing 1, 2, 3: PGS and PGD
13 September 2016 6pm (registration), 6.30pm-8.30pm (discussion) Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH
The Progress Educational Trust's FREE-to-attend event about testing and screening human embryos is taking place TOMORROW EVENING - book NOW. The event will be chaired by Dr Sue Avery, with speakers including Dr Tony Gordon, Dr Christine Patch, James Lawford Davies and Professor Michael Parker...
Practical Biobanking
26 October 2009  Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
The 4th Nowgen Centre course on Practical Biobanking...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
A Question of Taste: Using Polymerase Chain Reaction to Investigate Human Evolution
20 September 2009 10am-3pm Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
A one-day practical workshop for post-16 students, running from September 2009 to July 2010...
The Age of Personalised Genomics
16 September 2009  Rimrock Resort Hotel, 300 Mountain Avenue, Banff National Park, Alberta T1L 1J2, Canada
The 5th International DNA Sampling Conference...
Physics of Cells: From the Edge to the Heart
06 September 2009  Congress Centre, Hotel Zora, Raduća BB, Primošten 22202, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
The 1st European Molecular Biology Organisation conference on Cell Biophysics...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques...
Microarray and Deep Sequencing Based Profiling Approaches: The Technological Evolution Continues
09 July 2009 9am-4.30pm BioPark, Broadwater Road, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL7 3AX, UK
An event addressing currently available DNA research tools...


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