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Glossary

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the molecule that encodes genetic information. It contains four different chemicals, or bases, known as A, C, G and T. Genes are made of DNA.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Genes guide A-level choices 'more than environment'

20 June 2016 - by Dr Ashley Cartwright

Genetic factors influence not just achievement in further education, but also what subjects students take, a study suggests... [Read More]

Pig-human organs: policing the moral boundaries

20 June 2016 - by Dr Anna Smajdor

The recent of creation of pig embryos with human DNA blurs the boundaries between animals and ourselves, giving us a chance to consider whether our moral categories are correct... [Read More]

Radio Review: Born in Bradford

20 June 2016 - by Professor Sandy Raeburn

The Born in Bradford study, which began in 2007, has recorded data prospectively from 12,000 mothers, 4000 fathers and their 14,000 children born in Bradford General Hospital... [Read More]

US regulator weighs up CRISPR cancer therapy trial

20 June 2016 - by Rachel Reeves

A US federal safety board is set to review an application for the first in-human use of CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing technology to treat cancer... [Read More]

TV Review: Panorama – Medicine's Big Breakthrough: Editing Your Genes

13 June 2016 - by Rhys Baker

Over just 30 minutes Fergus Walsh has a lot of ground to cover here without even touching on the ethical debate. Yet, while gene editing may have 'just been made simple', how we respond to these stunning advances is anything but... [Read More]

US lab attempting to grow pig embryos with human pancreases

13 June 2016 - by Dr Jane Currie

Scientists have used CRISPR to create part-pig, part-human embryos in an attempt to grow human organs for transplant... [Read More]

BRCA database now holds data on 6200 variants

06 June 2016 - by Dr James Heather

After one year of existence, the BRCA Share database has released details on its progress in collating information on variants of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes... [Read More]

MIT CRISPR team turn to RNA

06 June 2016 - by Ayala Ochert and Amina Yonis

The team that developed the CRISPR/Cas9 DNA-editing technique have now developed a new system that could allow RNA editing... [Read More]

Scientists present plan to build a human genome

06 June 2016 - by Rebecca Carr

A group of 25 scientists have proposed an ambitious plan to create a synthetic human genome from scratch... [Read More]

DNA damage from cannabis use can be inherited, scientists claim

31 May 2016 - by Rachel Reeves

A research review suggests that cannabis use damages DNA, and claims that this damage can be inherited... [Read More]

Scientists hold 'secret' meeting on creating synthetic human genome

23 May 2016 - by Arit Udoh

A group of scientists has been criticised for holding a high-level, behind-closed-doors meeting to discuss a project to synthesise a complete human genome within ten years... [Read More]

Scientists pick out nose genes

23 May 2016 - by Amina Yonis

Researchers have discovered four genes that play a part in determining the shape of people's noses... [Read More]

Stem cell study suggests mitochondrial donation might not be 100 percent effective

23 May 2016 - by Dr Rosie Morley

A study has identified a potential problem with mitochondrial donation, an IVF technique that aims to prevent the transmission of faulty mitochondria from mother to child... [Read More]

74 genes linked to education level, but effect is minimal

16 May 2016 - by Sophie Perry and James Brooks

One of the largest-ever genetics studies in the social sciences has found 74 genetic variants that are associated with the amount of time an individual spends in education... [Read More]

Protein may help embryos stick to uterus

16 May 2016 - by Dr Jane Currie

Researchers have identified a protein that may help developing embryos stick to the uterus... [Read More]

DNA of Ice Age Europeans revealed

09 May 2016 - by Dr Özge Özkaya

A study of ancient DNA obtained from prehistoric human remains has revealed details about modern humans before farming began, going back to their arrival in Europe around 45,000 years ago... [Read More]

Lab in a lunch box

09 May 2016 - by Craig Macpherson

The development of a portable DNA laboratory for professionals and enthusiasts raises questions about how regulations can possibly protect consumers in this rapidly developing field... [Read More]

Book Review: Not In Your Genes - The Real Reasons Children Are Like Their Parents

03 May 2016 - by Dr Ross Cloney

Oliver James's new book shows little understanding of genetics, instead offering a media-friendly caricature of 'one gene = one trait', while focusing solely on parenting styles to explain human behaviour... [Read More]

Spanish lab creates human sperm precursors from skin cells

03 May 2016 - by Ayala Ochert

Spanish scientists say they have created rudimentary sperm-like cells from skin and bone marrow cells taken from adult males... [Read More]

Study links gene to skin ageing

03 May 2016 - by Isobel Steer

Scientists say they have identified a gene that could explain why some people appear to look younger than they are... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

Practical Biobanking
26 October 2009  Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
The 4th Nowgen Centre course on Practical Biobanking...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
A Question of Taste: Using Polymerase Chain Reaction to Investigate Human Evolution
20 September 2009 10am-3pm Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
A one-day practical workshop for post-16 students, running from September 2009 to July 2010...
The Age of Personalised Genomics
16 September 2009  Rimrock Resort Hotel, 300 Mountain Avenue, Banff National Park, Alberta T1L 1J2, Canada
The 5th International DNA Sampling Conference...
Physics of Cells: From the Edge to the Heart
06 September 2009  Congress Centre, Hotel Zora, Raduća BB, Primošten 22202, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
The 1st European Molecular Biology Organisation conference on Cell Biophysics...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques...
Microarray and Deep Sequencing Based Profiling Approaches: The Technological Evolution Continues
09 July 2009 9am-4.30pm BioPark, Broadwater Road, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL7 3AX, UK
An event addressing currently available DNA research tools...


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