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Glossary

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the molecule that encodes genetic information. It contains four different chemicals, or bases, known as A, C, G and T. Genes are made of DNA.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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CRISPR used to record a film in bacteria

17 July 2017 - by Lea Goetz

Scientists have used the CRISPR/Cas system to encode a film in the genomes of living bacteria... [Read More]

Genome study suggests a fifth of adults carry disease mutations

03 July 2017 - by Cara Foley

Approximately 22 percent of healthy adults carry mutations that are associated with disease, found the first ever randomised clinical trial using whole-genome sequencing... [Read More]

Night shifts may hinder DNA repair

03 July 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

DNA repair may be reduced in people working at night time, compared with those having a night's sleep, according to new research from the US... [Read More]

Large study finds first genes linked to Tourette's syndrome

26 June 2017 - by Cara Foley

The first genes linked Tourette's syndrome have been identified in the biggest study of the disorder to date... [Read More]

Liquid biopsy may help target prostate cancer treatment

26 June 2017 - by Charlotte Spicer

A new three-in-one blood test could progress personalised treatment for patients with prostate cancer... [Read More]

Preeclampsia risk linked to DNA of baby, not mother

26 June 2017 - by Dr Linda Wijlaars

Preeclampsia – a dangerous rise in blood pressure in pregnant women – has been linked to a genetic variant found in the baby, instead of the mother... [Read More]

Blood test for testicular cancer a step closer

19 June 2017 - by Meetal Solanki

Testing for certain genes could identify men with a ten-fold increased risk of testicular cancer, suggests a new study... [Read More]

Controversial doctor to use MRT technique for over 40s fertility

19 June 2017 - by Shaoni Bhattacharya

The fertility doctor who led the team which produced the world's first baby through mitochondrial replacement therapy is now looking to use the same technique in a commercial venture... [Read More]

DNA blood test could lead to early cancer detection

12 June 2017 - by Hannah Somers

A highly-sensitive DNA blood test could help detect cancer years before tumours are detected... [Read More]

Genes influence ability to read people's minds through their eyes

12 June 2017 - by Charlotte Spicer

Our ability to read people's thoughts and emotions through their eyes is influenced by our DNA, new research suggests... [Read More]

Ovarian cancer drug could treat BRCA-related breast cancer

12 June 2017 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

A drug treatment for ovarian cancer has shown success against inherited breast cancer... [Read More]

Cancer-causing effect of common chemical pinpointed

05 June 2017 - by Shaoni Bhattacharya

A common chemical found in household products could increase the risk of cancer by blocking the ability of cells to fix genetic flaws which lead to the disease... [Read More]

Drinking tea alters women's epigenetics

05 June 2017 - by Cara Foley

Researchers have found that drinking tea may affect gene expression in women... [Read More]

Dutch court rules donor families can test fertility doctor's DNA

05 June 2017 - by Dr Rachel Brown

A court in the Netherlands has ruled that DNA tests can be performed on items belonging to a deceased fertility clinic director accused of using his own sperm for fertility treatments... [Read More]

Dutch woman tracks her sperm donor using DNA bank

05 June 2017 - by Rikita Patel

A donor-conceived Dutch woman, Emi Stikkelman, is the first to find her sperm donor using an American commercial DNA bank... [Read More]

Forty new genes linked to intelligence in humans

30 May 2017 - by Annabel Slater

A study of almost 80,000 people has identified 40 new genes linked to intelligence... [Read More]

UK parents lose appeal to take sick son to US for treatment

30 May 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

The UK Court of Appeal has upheld the High Court's decision that an experimental treatment offered by a US doctor will not benefit ill baby Charlie Gard, and could cause significant pain and distress... [Read More]

Ancestry owns genetic information of customers and their relatives

22 May 2017 - by Jennifer Willows

Customers of Ancestry's consumer DNA tests may be unaware of what they have signed away, a US lawyer has suggested... [Read More]

If you could alter the characteristics of future generations, would you do it?

22 May 2017 - by Dr Peter Mills

The Nuffield Council on Bioethics is seeking views on the reproductive uses of genome editing in humans. Regular readers of BioNews will know that genome editing (including with the CRISPR-Cas9 technique) offers a way of making precisely targeted modifications to DNA in living cells, harnessing the cells’ inbuilt repair mechanisms to repair a deliberate, double-stranded DNA break in a way that may either disable or introduce a functional DNA sequence... [Read More]

Cancer fusion genes targeted with CRISPR

08 May 2017 - by Sarah Pritchard

Aggressive human prostate and liver tumours have been shrunk in mice by targeting a ‘fused’ gene mutation using CRISPR/Cas9... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

Testing, Testing 1, 2, 3: PGS and PGD
13 September 2016 6pm (registration), 6.30pm-8.30pm (discussion) Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH
The Progress Educational Trust's FREE-to-attend event about testing and screening human embryos is taking place TOMORROW EVENING - book NOW. The event will be chaired by Dr Sue Avery, with speakers including Dr Tony Gordon, Dr Christine Patch, James Lawford Davies and Professor Michael Parker...
Practical Biobanking
26 October 2009  Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
The 4th Nowgen Centre course on Practical Biobanking...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
A Question of Taste: Using Polymerase Chain Reaction to Investigate Human Evolution
20 September 2009 10am-3pm Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
A one-day practical workshop for post-16 students, running from September 2009 to July 2010...
The Age of Personalised Genomics
16 September 2009  Rimrock Resort Hotel, 300 Mountain Avenue, Banff National Park, Alberta T1L 1J2, Canada
The 5th International DNA Sampling Conference...
Physics of Cells: From the Edge to the Heart
06 September 2009  Congress Centre, Hotel Zora, Raduća BB, Primošten 22202, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
The 1st European Molecular Biology Organisation conference on Cell Biophysics...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques...
Microarray and Deep Sequencing Based Profiling Approaches: The Technological Evolution Continues
09 July 2009 9am-4.30pm BioPark, Broadwater Road, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL7 3AX, UK
An event addressing currently available DNA research tools...


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