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Postgraduate Certificate in Reproductive Health

Glossary

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the molecule that encodes genetic information. It contains four different chemicals, or bases, known as A, C, G and T. Genes are made of DNA.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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Anti-CRISPR - an off-switch for genome editing

09 January 2017 - by Dr Özge Özkaya

Scientists have discovered a new set of proteins that can block the CRISPR/Cas9 system... [Read More]

IVF culture medium can double the chance of success

09 January 2017 - by Annabel Slater

The type of culture media used in IVF can more than double the chance of producing healthy embryos and significantly affect chances of successful conception... [Read More]

Sperm mix-up involving 26 women at Dutch IVF clinic

09 January 2017 - by Georgia Everett

A Dutch IVF clinic is currently under investigation after it came to light that dozens of its patients might have been fertilised by the wrong sperm – half of whom are pregnant or have already given birth... [Read More]

Hearings begin in CRISPR US patent dispute

12 December 2016 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

Oral arguments from lawyers acting for the Broad Institute and the University of California, Berkeley, in the high-profile CRISPR/Cas9 patent dispute have been heard in Virginia... [Read More]

Gene that 'limits desire for alcohol'

05 December 2016 - by Rachel Reeves

A newly discovered gene variant seems to reduce an individual's fondness for alcohol, a study has found... [Read More]

Only half of chromosome is DNA

28 November 2016 - by Dr Rachel Huddart

DNA only accounts for about half of the total volume of chromosomes, as shown by new 3D images of human chromosomes... [Read More]

Book Review: Where Science and Ethics Meet – Dilemmas at the Frontiers of Medicine and Biology

21 November 2016 - by Cassandra Dighton

This introduction to ethics in medicine is no dreary textbook, but is a stimulating conversation starter and a welcome addition to any ethics bookshelf... [Read More]

CRISPR partially restores sight in blind rats

21 November 2016 - by Paul Waldron

Scientists in the US have used a genome-editing technique to partially restore vision in blind rats... [Read More]

Functional human eggs made from discarded genetic material

14 November 2016 - by Dr Katie Howe

US researchers have created functional eggs using DNA from small cells that normally form as waste products during egg development... [Read More]

High Court in Ireland to hear 'unique' surrogacy case

14 November 2016 - by Antony Blackburn-Starza

The Irish High Court will hear a case in January to determine the legal status of a child born through an international surrogacy arrangement to whom the intended parents have no genetic connection... [Read More]

Neanderthal genes are being purged from our DNA

14 November 2016 - by Matthew Thomas

The process of natural selection has removed the majority of Neanderthal DNA from the modern human genome, leaving behind a handful of beneficial genes, two recent studies have suggested... [Read More]

Second team corrects sickle-cell mutation using CRISPR

14 November 2016 - by Sarah Gregory

Researchers have had further success using the CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing technique to repair the mutation that causes sickle-cell anaemia... [Read More]

Book Review: Redesigning Life – How Genome Editing will Transform the World

07 November 2016 - by Annabel Slater

Dr John Parrington thinks the ethics of genome editing should be shaped by scientifically informed public debate, and he hopes his book will provide a starting point... [Read More]

NHS to offer non-invasive prenatal testing to pregnant women

07 November 2016 - by Dr Rachel Huddart

A more accurate and safer prenatal test for Down's, Edward's and Patau's syndromes is to be offered by the NHS from 2018, it has been announced... [Read More]

Smokers develop 150 mutations per lung cell

07 November 2016 - by Dr Özge Özkaya

For the first time scientists have quantified the number of mutations caused by the number of cigarettes smoked in a lifetime... [Read More]

Twelve gene regions linked to human reproductive behaviour

07 November 2016 - by Dr James Heather

Twelve locations in the human genome have been linked with differences in reproductive behaviour... [Read More]

23andMe halts development of next-generation gene sequencing

31 October 2016 - by Kulraj Singh Bhangra

Personal genomics company 23andMe has halted plans to develop next-generation sequencing technology, it has revealed ... [Read More]

Epigenetic sperm test sheds light on male infertility

31 October 2016 - by Dr Ashley Cartwright

The US start-up Episona has produced an epigenetic sperm test, which it claims can determine whether sperm will produce 'good' or 'poor' quality embryos... [Read More]

Genome editing using nanoparticle technology treats blood disorder

31 October 2016 - by Sarah Gregory

Researchers have developed a novel genome-editing technology to correct the defective gene that causes the blood disorder beta-thalassemia... [Read More]

'Three-person babies' grow up into healthy teenagers

31 October 2016 - by Georgia Everett

Seventeen children conceived through ooplasmic transplantation have all matured with regular health and cognitive abilities, according to a study... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

Testing, Testing 1, 2, 3: PGS and PGD
13 September 2016 6pm (registration), 6.30pm-8.30pm (discussion) Institute of Child Health, University College London, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH
The Progress Educational Trust's FREE-to-attend event about testing and screening human embryos is taking place TOMORROW EVENING - book NOW. The event will be chaired by Dr Sue Avery, with speakers including Dr Tony Gordon, Dr Christine Patch, James Lawford Davies and Professor Michael Parker...
Practical Biobanking
26 October 2009  Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
The 4th Nowgen Centre course on Practical Biobanking...
Genomics of Common Diseases
23 September 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Wellcome Trust/Nature Genetics conference on the Genomics of Common Diseases...
A Question of Taste: Using Polymerase Chain Reaction to Investigate Human Evolution
20 September 2009 10am-3pm Nowgen Centre, 29 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9WU, UK
A one-day practical workshop for post-16 students, running from September 2009 to July 2010...
The Age of Personalised Genomics
16 September 2009  Rimrock Resort Hotel, 300 Mountain Avenue, Banff National Park, Alberta T1L 1J2, Canada
The 5th International DNA Sampling Conference...
Physics of Cells: From the Edge to the Heart
06 September 2009  Congress Centre, Hotel Zora, Raduća BB, Primošten 22202, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
The 1st European Molecular Biology Organisation conference on Cell Biophysics...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
Techniques and Applications of Molecular Biology
13 July 2009  Department of Biological Sciences, Gibbet Hill Campus, Gibbet Hill Road, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL
A course for those who wish to develop their understanding of genetic engineering techniques...
Microarray and Deep Sequencing Based Profiling Approaches: The Technological Evolution Continues
09 July 2009 9am-4.30pm BioPark, Broadwater Road, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL7 3AX, UK
An event addressing currently available DNA research tools...


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