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Glossary

Cell

Cells are the building blocks of all living things. A human body is made up of around 100 million, million cells.



Articles using this Glossary Item

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CRISPR used to record a film in bacteria

17 July 2017 - by Lea Goetz

Scientists have used the CRISPR/Cas system to encode a film in the genomes of living bacteria... [Read More]

Gene therapy for leukaemia set for FDA go-ahead

17 July 2017 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

A drug for leukaemia that genetically alters patients' own cells to fight cancer, has cleared a critical hurdle in gaining commercial approval... [Read More]

First personalised vaccines shows promise for skin cancer

10 July 2017 - by Meetal Solanki

A revolutionary vaccine uses the patient’s own immune response to target tumour cells and could be the first step in bespoke, precision medicine. 

Preeclampsia risk linked to DNA of baby, not mother

26 June 2017 - by Dr Linda Wijlaars

Preeclampsia – a dangerous rise in blood pressure in pregnant women – has been linked to a genetic variant found in the baby, instead of the mother... [Read More]

Three mutations could make bird flu more infectious to humans

19 June 2017 - by Helen Robertson

Scientists have identified three potential genetic mutations that could allow a dangerous strain of avian influenza to spread between humans... [Read More]

Vitamin C and antibiotic combination offers new approach to cancer

19 June 2017 - by Rachel Reeves

Cancer stem cells, thought to be the root cause of tumour recurrence, could be eradicated using vitamin C and antibiotics, suggests a new study... [Read More]

Cancer-causing effect of common chemical pinpointed

05 June 2017 - by Shaoni Bhattacharya

A common chemical found in household products could increase the risk of cancer by blocking the ability of cells to fix genetic flaws which lead to the disease... [Read More]

If you could alter the characteristics of future generations, would you do it?

22 May 2017 - by Dr Peter Mills

The Nuffield Council on Bioethics is seeking views on the reproductive uses of genome editing in humans. Regular readers of BioNews will know that genome editing (including with the CRISPR-Cas9 technique) offers a way of making precisely targeted modifications to DNA in living cells, harnessing the cells’ inbuilt repair mechanisms to repair a deliberate, double-stranded DNA break in a way that may either disable or introduce a functional DNA sequence... [Read More]

First scans from baby brain project released

15 May 2017 - by Dr Marianne Kennedy

The first batch of baby brain scans was released last week by a landmark UK project to map how the human brain develops in unprecedented detail... [Read More]

CRISPR gene-editing eliminates HIV in mice

08 May 2017 - by Emma Laycock

US scientists have used CRISPR gene-editing to remove HIV DNA from the genomes of living animals, eliminating further infection.

Plan to build synthetic human DNA genome gains momentum

08 May 2017 - by Annabel Slater

Human DNA could be artificially synthesised in around five years or less, according to one of the organisers behind the Genome Project-write plan... [Read More]

Gene for sound sleep identified

10 April 2017 - by Annabel Slater

A gene has been linked to quality of sleep... [Read More]

Female reproductive cycle recreated on chip

03 April 2017 - by Caroline Casey

Researchers in the US have replicated the female reproductive tract using a 3D model that mimics the natural menstrual cycle... [Read More]

Drug targeting old cells reverses ageing in mice

27 March 2017 - by Annabel Slater

A drug that reverses aspects of ageing has been successfully demonstrated in mice... [Read More]

Film Review: Dish Life

20 February 2017 - by Paul Waldron

Dish Life, the last of four films made for Cambridge Shorts, takes a quirky look at the daily life of a stem cell researcher... [Read More]

New genetic links to pancreatic cancer discovered

20 February 2017 - by Jamie Rickman

Researchers have used whole-genome sequencing to uncover new mutations responsible for a rare type of pancreatic cancer... [Read More]

Stem cells reprogrammed to resemble fertilised eggs

23 January 2017 - by Dr Loredana Guglielmi

Researchers have successfully turned stem cells into 'totipotent' cells, with characteristics resembling those of fertilised eggs... [Read More]

Vitamins A and C erase cell memory to create stem cells

17 October 2016 - by Dr Rosie Gilchrist

Vitamins A and C help to convert adult cells into stem cells by performing a cell 'reset', erasing their epigenetic memory, a study has found... [Read More]

Stem cell treatment regenerates damaged heart tissue

01 August 2016 - by Annabel Slater

A new stem cell treatment has reversed scarring in heart failure patients by 40 percent, and also improved recovery and survival, a small-scale trial has demonstrated... [Read More]

Turning back the ticking clock: Could we? Should we?

01 August 2016 - by Dr Roger Sturmey

Reports that scientists in Greece have rejuvenated ovaries in perimenopausal women is potentially very exciting. However, there remain significant questions about this research... [Read More]

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Events using this Glossary Item

Functional Genomics and Systems Biology
30 November 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
An event addressing post-genomic science in humans and other organisms...
Engineering Principles in Biological Systems
14 October 2009  Wellcome Trust Conference Centre, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1RQ, UK
The 3rd Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory/Wellcome Trust event on Engineering Principles in Biological Systems...
Running for Answers
16 September 2009  Club Med Athenia, Marathon 19007, Attica, Greece
The 7th European Congress on Reproductive Immunology...
Physics of Cells: From the Edge to the Heart
06 September 2009  Congress Centre, Hotel Zora, Raduća BB, Primošten 22202, Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia
The 1st European Molecular Biology Organisation conference on Cell Biophysics...
From Imprinting to the Epigenome in 25 years
04 September 2009  Lecture Theatre, Peterhouse College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1RD; Kings College, University of Cambridge, King's Parade, Cambridge CB2 1ST, UK
An event celebrating the discovery of imprinting in mammals 25 years ago...
System Biology Tools and Preclinical Models for Translational Research in Endometriosis and Adhesion Formation: Lessons from Cancer and Inflammation Biology
04 September 2009  Auditorium GA1, Campus Onderwijs en Navorsing, Gasthuisberg Herestraat, Leuven 3000, Belgium
A course addressing state-of-the-art research methodology in systems biology...
Life's Molecular Interactions
04 July 2009  Prague Congress Centre, 5 Května 65, 140 21 Prague 4, Czech Republic
The 34th Congress of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies...


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